ML Aggarwal Circle Chapter Test Class 9 ICSE Maths Solutions

ML Aggarwal Circle Chapter Test Class 9 ICSE Maths Solutions Ch-15. Step by Step Solutions of Ch-Test Questions on Circle of ML Aggarwal for ICSE Class 9th Mathematics. Visit official website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-9.

ML Aggarwal Circle Chapter Test Class 9 ICSE Maths Solutions Ch-15

Board ICSE
Subject Maths
Class 9th
Chapter-15 Circle
Topics Solution of Ch-Test Questions
Academic Session 2024-2025

Solution of Ch-Test Questions on Circle

ML Aggarwal Class 9 ICSE Maths Solutions Ch-15

Question 1. In the given figure, a chord PQ of a circle with centre O and radius 15 cm is bisected at M by a diameter AB. If OM = 9 cm, find the lengths of :

(i) PQ, (ii) AP , (iii) BP
In the given figure, a chord PQ of a circle with centre O and radius 15 cm is bisected at M by a diameter AB. If OM = 9 cm, find the lengths of :

Answer : Radius = 15 cm

OA = OB = OP = OQ = 15 cm

Also, OM = 9 cm

In the given figure, a chord PQ of a circle with centre O and radius 15 cm is bisected at M by a diameter AB. If OM = 9 cm, find the lengths of : (i) PQ (ii) AP (iii) BP

MB = OB – OM = 15 – 9 = 6 cm

AM = OA + OM =15 + 9 cm = 24 cm

In ∆OMP,

OP= OM + PM2

⇒ 152 = 9+ PM2

⇒ PM2 = 255 – 81

⇒ PM = √144 = 12 cm

Also, In ∆OMQ

OQ2 = OM+ QM2

⇒ 15= OM2 + QM2

⇒ 15= 92 + QM(QM= 225 – 81)

⇒ QM = √144 = 12 cm

⇒ PQ = PM + QM (As radius is bisected at M)

⇒ PQ = 12 + 12 cm = 24 cm

(ii) Now in ∆APM

AP= AM+ OM2

⇒ AP=242 + 122

⇒ AP= 576 + 144

⇒ AP = √720 = 12 √5 cm

(iii) Now in ∆BMP

BP2 = BM+ PM2

BP= 6+ 122

⇒ BP= 36 + 144

⇒ BP = √180 = 6√5 cm

Question 2. The radii of two concentric circles are 17 cm and 10 cm ; a line PQRS cuts the larger circle at P and S and the smaller circle at Q and R. If QR = 12 cm, calculate PQ.

Answer : A line PQRS intersects the outer circle at P

And S and inner circle at Q and R radius of

Outer circle OP = 17 cm and radius of inner

Circle OQ = 10 cm

The radii of two concentric circles are 17 cm and 10 cm ; a line PQRS cuts the larger circle at P and S and the smaller circle at Q and R. If QR = 12 cm, calculate PQ.

QR = 12 cm

From O, draw OM ⊥ PS

QM = ½ QR = ½ × 12 = 6 cm

In right ∆OQM

OQ2 = OM2 + QM2

⇒ (10)= OM+ (6)2

⇒ OM= 102 – 62

⇒ OM= 100 – 36 = 64 = (8)2

⇒ OM = 8 cm

Now in right ∆OPM

OP2 OM2 + PM2

⇒ (17)= OM+ PM2

⇒ PM= (17)2 – (8)2

⇒ PM= 289 – 64 = 225 = (15)2

⇒ PM = 15 cm

⇒ PQ = PM – QM = 15 – 6 = 9 cm

Question 3. A chord of length 48 cm is at a distance of 10 cm from the centre of a circle. If another chord of length 20 cm is drawn in the same circle, find its distance from the centre of the circle.

Answer : Perpendicular from Center on Chord bisect it

chord of length 48cm

48/2 = 24 cm

Distance from Center = 10 cm

Radius² = 24² + 10²

Radius² = 24² + 10²

Radius² =  26²

Radius = 26 cm

Let say chord of length is at Distance d from center

Then  Chord length = 20 cm

20/2 = 10 cm

d² = 26²  – 10²

d² = 24²

d = 24  cm

Question 4. 

(a) In the figure (i) given below, two circles with centres C, D intersect in points P, Q. If length of common chord is 6 cm and CP = 5 cm, DP = 4 cm, calculate the distance CD correct to two decimal places.

(b) In the figure (ii) given below, P is a point of intersection of two circles with centres C and D. If the st. line APB is parallel to CD, Prove that AB = 2 CD.

Answer :  (a)
(a) In the figure (i) given below, two circles with centres C, D intersect in points P, Q. If length of common chord is 6 cm and CP = 5 cm, DP = 4 cm, calculate the distance CD correct to two decimal places.

ML aggarwal class-10 circle chapter 15 img 31

CD = CM + MD = 4 + 2.65

= 6.65

(b) Two circle with center C and D intersect each other at P and Q. A straight line APB is Drawn parallel to CD.

To prove : AB = 2 CD

Draw CM and DN perpendicular to AB from C and D

Proof CM ⊥ AP

AM = MP or AP = 2 MP

and DN ⊥ PB

(b) In the figure (ii) given below, P is a point of intersection of two circles with centres C and D. If the st. line APB is parallel to CD, Prove that AB = 2 CD.

BN = PN or PB = 2 PN

Adding

AP + PB = 2 MP + 2 PN

AB = 2 (MP + PN) = 2 MN

AB = 2 CD

Question 5.

(a) In the figure (i) given below, C and D are centres of two intersecting circles. The line APQB is perpendicular to the line of centres CD. Prove that:
(i) AP=QB, (ii) AQ = BP.

(b) In the figure (ii) given below, two equal chords AB and CD of a circle with centre O intersect at right angles at P. If M and N are mid-points of the chords AB and CD respectively, Prove that NOMP is a square.

(a) In the figure (i) given below, C and D are centres of two intersecting circles. The line APQB is perpendicular to the line of centres CD

Answer :

(a) To circles with centers C and D intersect each other. A line APQB is drawn perpendicular to CD at M.

(a) In the figure (i) given below, C and D are centres of two intersecting circles. The line APQB is perpendicular to the line of centres CD.Provethat:

To prove : AP = QB

AQ = BP

Join AC and BC, DP and DQ

Proof :  (i) In right triangle ACM and triangle BCM

AC = BC

CM = CM

ACM ≅ BCM

AM = BM

PD = QD

side DM = DM

PDM ≅ QDM

so, PM = QM

Subtracting

AM – PM = BM – QM

AP = QB

(ii) Adding PQ both sides,

AP + PQ = PQ + QB

AQ = PB

(b) Two chord AB and CD intersect each other at P right angle in the circle M and N are mid points of chord AB and CD

(b) In the figure (ii) given below, two equal chords AB and CD of a circle with centre O intersect at right angles at P. If M and N are mid-points of the chords AB and CD respectively, Prove that NOMP is a square.

To prove : NOMP is a square

Proof : M and N are the mid-point of AB and CD respectively.

OM ⊥ AB and ON ⊥ CD

and OM = ON

AB ⊥ CD

OM ⊥ ON

Hence NOMP is a square

Question 6. In the given figure, AD is diameter of a circle. If the chord AB and AC are equidistant from its centre O, prove that AD bisects ∠BAC and ∠BDC.

Answer :  AB and AC are equidistant from its centre O

In the given figure, AD is diameter of a circle. If the chord AB and AC are equidistant from its centre O, prove that AD bisects ∠BAC and ∠BDC.

So, AB = AC

In triangle ABD and ACD

AB = AC

angle B = angle C

AD = AD

so, triangle ABD ≅ triangle ACD

AD bisects angle BAC  and angle BCD

— :  end of ML Aggarwal Circle Chapter Test Class 9 ICSE Maths Solutions Ch-15  : —

Return to :-  ML Aggarawal Maths Solutions for ICSE  Class-9

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