ICSE Home Science 2019 Class-10 Paper
ICSE Home Science 2019 Solved Paper Previous Year Question and Other Previous Year Solved Question for practice so that student of Class 10th ICSE can achieve their goals in next exam of council. Hence by better practice and Solved Question Paper of Previous Year including 2019 is very helpful for ICSE student. By the practice of Home Science 2019 Solved Paper Previous Year Question you can get the idea of solving. Visit official website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-10.
ICSE Home Science 2019 Solved Paper Previous Year Question
- Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
- You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
- This time is to be spent in reading the question paper.
- The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.
- Attempt all questions from Section A and any four questions from Section B.
- The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].
Section – A [40 Marks]
Attempt all questions from this Section
(a) What is the difference between related and contrasting colour schemes? 
- Related colour schemes: These are composed of one or several neighbouring hues which generally provide an effect of unity and harmony. These schemes are based on hues that are far apart on the colour wheel.
- Contrasting colour schemes: In this the arrangement is made by using complementary colours.
(b) State the utility of local lighting. 
Local lighting: In this extra fixtures are often placed in task areas and the necessary illuminance depends on the character of the task that is being performed. It is designed to provide a relatively high level of illumination over a small area, with a
surrounding area of lower intensity
(c) Mention two sources of light commonly used in the house. 
Sources of light: Two major sources of light are as follow :
- Natural light or Sunlight.
- Artificial light.
- Natural light’s main source is sun and the light of sun varies with climate. Most commonly day light is admitted through windows.
- Artificial light includes candle, Lantern and of course electricity. In our homes incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes are sources of artificial light.
(d) Which kind of materials should be used for kitchen counters? 
- The materials used in the kitchen counters should be heat resistant.
- Should be resistant to acid.
- Should be easy to clean.
(e) What is meant by ‘crossing of a cheque’? 
Crossing of a cheque: It is a process of drawing two parallel lines on a cheque with or without certain words. It’s main purpose is to protect the drawer against loss by theft or forgery. Crossing of a cheque also ensures that payment is made to the authorised person only.
(a) State any two differences between growth and development. 
|• Growth is measurable.
• It stops after a certain age.
|• Development is not measurable. It can be felt and observed only.
• It continues till death.
• Growth and development are related to each other. When a body grows in size, there is an increase in his capacity to do work. But sometimes development takes place without growth. e.g., if the physical growth is stunned, the person may have better mental, social and other developments.
(b) Define‘cognitive development’. 
Cognitive development: It is basically the development of the brain of a child. It develops the ability of the brain to think and find answer or we can say solution of problems. This type of development is very necessary for the child.
(c) Name the male and female sex hormones secreted during adolescence. |2]
Male sex hormone is Testosterone.
Female sex hormones are Oestrogen and Progesterone.
(d) What do we mean by ‘binge eating disorder’ ? 
Binge eating disorder: This disorder is also known as obesity. When we consume large amount of food specially fats we feel out of control and becomes powerless. This disorder generally happened in early childhood or late adolescence.
(e) State any two characteristics of a balanced diet. 
characteristics of a balanced diet:
- A proper balanced diet provides us complete nutrients which our body needs for proper growth and development.
- If we take a proper balanced diet, it prevents us from so many diseases. Some diseases
are happened just due to the deficiency of nutrients.
(a) Explain the term‘shelf life’of food products. 
Shelf life of food products : It is the time period during which the food product will remain safe, retain desired flavour, remain fresh or it can retains an acceptable quality from a safety point.
It is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption or sale.
(b) Name the sweat glands present in the human body.  Answer:
sweat glands: These are a type of exocrine glands that produce and secrete substances. These are found throughout the skin.
In human body, Eccrine and Apocrine glands are two types of glands. Eccrine sweat glands are distributed all over the human body. While Apocrine sweat glands are mostly limited to the axilla (armpits) and perianal areas in humans.
(c) State the difference between perishable and non-perishable food. 
- Perishable food: Food which cannot be stored for more than 2-3 days under normal temperature conditions such as fish, milk, milk products etc.
- Non-perishable food: Food which can be stored for a long time, such as cereals, sugar, coffee, salt etc .
(d) Why should cotton clothes be starched ? 
Starching process makes the fabric stiffen and it gives a feel which make it attractive. It also helps to keep clothes clean and fresh for a longer time.
Starch adds crispness and structure, providing body to cotton and linen items. It also creates a higher resistance to wrinkling and soiling. Using starch will also ease ironing. Durable synthetics can be “starched,” but cannot be treated with grocery spray starch.
(e) Define Optical brighteners. 
Optical brighteners are generally used for white clothes. Because white clothes gradually lose their whiteness with regular use. Sometime white clothes turns yellow. Optical brightener basically are the agents which are colourless dyes, they attached themselves with the clothes.
(a) Define the term ‘Food adulteration’.  Answer:
Food adulteration : To get the extra margin of profit the traders reduce the quantity of the pure goods and add the similar goods in it which is cheap and of low quality. This removal of quality product and addition of the low quality good is known as food adulteration. It is done mainly by intentionally.
(b) State two advantages of consumer education. 
Advantages of consumer education :
- It helps the consumer to develop the ability to decide and choose things intelligently.
- It helps him to always demand safe, reliable and good quality products at a reasonable price.
- To make consumer alert, well informed and vigilant against corrupt practices in the market.
- To make suitable action when faced with a problem.
(c) State any two primary functions of a bank. 
Functions of a bank: Bank is an institution which accepts deposits from the public and in return advances loans by creating credit. Banks perform so many functions and provide varieties of services to the society. Following are the functions :
- It receives deposits from the public for the purpose of making investments and granting loans.
- The bank also lends out the money which it gets from the deposits of the public.
- Bank also grant loans for a specific time period.
(d) What do you mean by a current account? 
Current account: An account in which money may be deposited and withdrawn at anytime is called current account. Generally, it is operated by the Business houses. Under this account, the depositor can withdrawn money by cheque at anytime during the working hours of the bank. There are no restrictions to limit the number of withdrawals but minimum credit balance has to be maintained as per the rules of the bank. The bank does not pay any interest on such deposits.
(e) Name any two standardization marks.  Answer:
Two standardization marks are ISI and Ag mark.
Section – B [60 Marks]
Attempt any four questions from this Section
Interior decoration expresses the personality of a home maker.
In the above context discuss the following .
(a) Five types of kitchens.  Answer:
Types of Kitchens : Generally kitchens have two styles : one is – Indian Type or Sitting Kitchen and the second one is – Foreign or Standing Kitchen.
Indian Style Kitchen or Sitting Kitchen : These type of kitchens are generally used in the villages of India. In such types of kitchens, the cooking of food, serving of food, cleaning of utensils etc., are carried out in sitting positions. Here, racks and almirahs are of low height.
Types of Foreign Kitchen or Standing Type Kitchen :
- Strip kitchen
- Two wall kitchen
- L-shaped kitchen
- U-shaped kitchen
1.Strip kitchen: Generally found in the small houses where there is a little space for a kitchen. It is one wall with the components placed in a row fashion.
2. Two wall kitchen: This is more workable kitchen. It resembles with the strip kitchen, the difference between both is that it is on both sides of the wall, facing each other.
3. L-shaped kitchen: This type is known as a good type of kitchen. This leaves two wall empty for windows and doors. The free comers can be utilised for keeping storage or dining area.
4. U-shaped kitchen: This type of kitchen provides good continuous space for working whereas in the U-shape the continuity is broken up.
(b) Light and colour used in decorating a living room. 
In a living room or family room we should use general lighting for entering and watching television, task lighting for reading and accent lighting to highlight, art work. B right light over the front and rear entrances are necessary.
Colours change as light change. Artificial light softens colours. Colours that appear attractive under light might not be pleasing in the day light.
(c) Factors affecting the selection of carpets for a room. 
Factors affecting the selection of carpets for a room :
- Size of the carpet-strip or broad loom.
- Colour according to furnishing used- large room dark and in small room the colour should blend with the wall to show space.
- Plain or patterned depending on upholstery.
- Care and maintenance needed.
- Stain proof.
- Cost depending on budget.
‘Budgeting helps in efficient management of money.’ In this context explain :
(a) Steps in making a budget. 
Steps in preparing budget: For making budget a success, we should include some steps. These steps include fundamental decisions which make budgeting a complicated procedure, but gives a realistic picture of the entire planning for the family ‘s money resources and planned expenditures.
Following are the steps for preparing budget:
- List commodities and senders required by family members throughout the proposed budget period.
- Estimate the cost of desired items.
- Estimate total expected income.
- Bring expected income and expenditures into balance.
- Check plans to see that they have a reasonable chance of success and possibilities of saving for future.
(b) Importance of a saving account. 
Importance of a Saving Account: A Saving Account is one of the most popular bank accounts that a person can invest in. It is the account that can be used for many different purposes.
- Safe avenue for funds: The funds kept in a Saving Account stay there unless they are withdrawn or paid out. Another point to be considered is that Saving Accounts are insured up to 1 lakh by the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC).
- Provides special value added services: Many banks nowadays provide value added services and benefits with a Savings Account. Many banks provide some basic form of accident or medical insurance, foreign travel insurance, and other types of insurance covers for opening the bank account.
- Place to collect funds and make payments: A Saving Account is an excellent place to collect funds from different sources.
- Income generating account: Unlike a current account, a savings bank earns interest. The balance earned in a Saving Account helps to improve the individual’s income.
- Can help to plan your child’s financial future: By opening a Kids Saving Account, you can help your child understand the basics of how to operate a bank account. These valuable financial lessons can help your child manage their finances and learn the value of money.
(c) Operating a savings bank account. 
Operating the Bank Account: Operation of the bank account means depositing the money into it or withdrawing from it through cheques, withdrawal forms or ATM machines. As soon as the bank agrees to open the account, it will supply the following books to its account holder.
- Paying-in-slip Book
- Cheque Book
- Pass Book
- ATM Card.
2. Cheque Book: This book contains a number of printed blank cheque forms (usually ten or more) with their counterfoils serially numbered. The holder of a current account or savings account can withdraw money’ through cheque.
3. Pass Book : Along with a cheque book and the paying-in-slip book, the depositor is issued a Pass Book. The Pass Book is a copy (with details of transactions) of the Customer’s account in the bank’s Ledger as on a particular date. It shows credit for deposits and debit for withdrawals, and the balance.
4. ATM Card : It is a plastic smart card with a chip that contains a unique card number and some security information. Using an ATM, customers can access their bank accounts in order to make cash withdrawals and check their account balances.
‘Changes occurring during adolescent years are dramatic’. In this context discuss :
(a) The pubertal changes seen during adolescence.  Answer:
The onset of puberty brings many physical changes in adolescence. The hormonal changes stimulate the growth in size and shape, the development of secondary sex characters and the feeling of nature sexuality. The timing of such changes varies among the individuals.
Here are some changes occurs during adolescence :
- Change in voice.
- Appearance of hair on face, armpit and genital areas.
- Development of muscles.
- Increase in height.
- Skin becomes oily.
- Opposite sex desire.
- Broadening of shoulders.
- Enlargement of breasts.
- Broadening of hips.
- Skin becomes oily.
- Appearance of hair on armpit and genital areas.
- Beginning of menstruation.
- Opposite sex desire.
(b) Impact of early maturation in girls. 
Impact of early maturation in girls: The age at which most girls get their periods has become younger. But more dramatic changes have occurred in the younger ages at which girls enter puberty and start to develop physiological changes like developing of breast, broadening of hips etc.
Girls who experience puberty earlier than their peers are at risk for mental health problems as teenagers because there’s such a mismatch between how they look and their emotional and cognitive maturity. More recent studies show that early maturation among girls may place them at a higher risk for anxiety, depression, early sexual exploration, dyes functional responses to stress and problems in school Early maturing girls may experience more difficulties because of the pressure. They feel in relation to male one are more likely to become involved in deviant activities such as drug or alcohol abuse.
(c) Emotional concerns of the adolescent.  Answer:
Emotional concerns of the adolescent: Adolescents usually have number of emotional problems. They must learn to control and express emotions in socially approved manners. Further, they should develop the ability to be free from emotional involvements in various situations as much as possible. When someone criticizes adolescents they are easily hurt. They should learn to accept criticism without being hurt.
If the emotions cannot be controlled they lead some major problems.
Following are few emotional problems :
- Eating disorder – fear of becoming overweight.
- Feelings of helplessness and low self-esteem.
- Experiment with sex and drugs, (drug abuse)
- Social acceptance: If we neglect a child, the child feel frustrated, dejected and neglected. This is the major problem for the adolescent.
‘Meal planning helps to achieve nutritional adequacy.’ In this context explain :
(a) Classification of fruits and vegetables into their subgroups and their nutritional contribution. 
Group IV. ‘Fruits and Vegetables’
- Fruits: Fruits like ripe mangoes, papaya and peaches are particularly rich in carotene. Oranges and all other citrus fruits are rich source of vitamin C. Fresh fruit juice is known for healthy teeth and gums, healing wounds and clean complexion. Indian gooseberry (Alma) and Guava are very rich sources of Vitamin C. They are also cheapest among the fruits. Bananas are rich sources of carbohydrates. Fruits provide fruit sugar lactose. They also provide roughage necessary for regulation of the body processes. Fruits like apple and plums contain high amounts of pectin and are used for making jams and jellies. Apples, bananas and grapes are poor sources of Vitamin C.
- Vegetables: Vegetables vary in appearance, taste, flavour and nutrient content. Different vegetables grow in different climatic conditions. Green leafy vegetables are rich in Calcium, Iron and Vitamin A. Because of high fibre content they are known to have mild laxative effect. Root vegetables are rich in carbohydrates and carotene content. Vegetables eaten as salads are also rich in Vitamin C.
|Fruits and Vegetables||Nutrients Supplied|
|Fruits: Mango, Guava, Tomato||Carotenoids, vitamin C, Fibre|
|Vegetables (Green leafy)|
|Spinach, Amarnath, Mustard leaves||Carotenoids, Vitamin-B2, Iron, Fibre, Folic Acid|
Lady finger, Capsicum, Beans, Potatoes,
|Carotenoids, Folic Acid, Calcium, fibre|
(b) Importance of a balanced diet.