ISC Physical Education 2015 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved
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ISC Physical Education 2015 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved
-: Select Your Topics :-
Maximum Marks: 70
Time allowed: Three hours
(Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.)
- Answer any five questions from Section A.
- Section B comprises of one question on each game with five sub parts (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e). Select any two games from this Section.
- Answer any three of the five sub parts (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) from each of the two games selected by you in this section.
- The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].
Answer any five questions.
Previous Year Question Paper ISC Physical Education 2015 Class-12 Solved
Explain the role of culture in modern games and sports.  Answer 1:
The culture is that which people invented and which must be transmitted to each new generation. It includes our religion, dress, customs, games and sports. Present is an image of the past. Different types of races, jumping and throwing events etc. are some of the events of modem competitions that are result of the past. The ancient culture determined the past that games and sports played in the life of the people. In Indus Valley civilization swimming was quite popular, in Vedic period arrow shooting, fights with dagger, horse riding, chariot race etc., were popular events. Games like Cricket, Hockey etc. were also introduced later on.
In the end we can say that games and sports were the part of our culture and now different competitions are promoted and developed. By games and sports a person develops the self discipline, tolerance and patience etc.
So we can say that culture has an important role in modem games and sports.
Write short notes on the following :
(i) Isotonic exercises.  (ii) Fartlek training method.  Answer 2:
(i) Isotonic Exercise : Isotonic exercise is done against resistance. A muscle contracts and shortens under a constant load throughout the entire joint range. Isotonic exercises improve the strength, endurance and develop muscle hypertrophy.
In Isotonic exercise the weight that can be lifted 10 consecutive times but not more than 10. This is called 10 repetitions maximum. The exercise is done in 3 sets of 10 repetitions each. The advantage of isotonic exercise is the fast recovery of muscle fatigue.
(ii) Fartlek Training Method : Fartlek is a Swedish term which means speed play and has been used by distance runners for years. Fartlek is a form of road running or cross country running in which the runner, usually changes the pace significantly during the run. An advantage of Fartlek is that the athlete can concentrate on feeling the pace and their physical response to it. Fartlek is also beneficial for the average runner.
Why was Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports (N.S.N.I.S.) formed ? State any five of its objectives.  Answer 3:
In 1958 third Asian games were held in Tokyo where India gave a very poor performance specifically in Hockey. We lost in the finals. The defeat in Hockey gave a major shock to the Govt, of India and all concerned with sports in our country. To improve the performance in sports, All India Council of Sports advised the Govt, of India to abolish the Raj Kumari Coaching Scheme and establish National Institute of Sports at Patiala. This NIS was renamed ‘Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports’ on the 76th birth anniversary of Netaji.
- To give a scientific orientation to the coaching profession.
- To provide systematic and coaching to our National teams.
- To promote sports in youngsters.
- To promote games and sports in different parts of country.
- To develop sports in the country.
Briefly explain the following :
(i) Seeding and Byes.  (ii) Knock-out and League.  Answer 4:
(i) Seeding : Seeding is the processes by which good teams are fitted in fixtures in such a way so that the stronger teams do not meet each other at the onset of the competition.
Byes : Bye is a privilege given to a team generally by drawing lots and exempting it from playing a match in the first round.
(ii) Knock-out : In this type of tournament the team which is defeated once, gets eliminated immediately and will not be given another chance to play.
- There will be economy of expenditure.
- The tournament can be finished in a short period of time.
League : According to this tournament, each team plays with every other team once if it is a single league tournament. If it is a double league tournament each team plays with every other team twice.
- Only strong team get victory in the tournament.
- Every team gets full opportunity to show its efficiency.
- It requires more time.
- It costs more.
(i) Write any five objectives of health education. (ii) Explain the meaning of rehabilitation.  Answer 5:
(i) Five objectives of health education :
- To instruct the children and youth so as to conserve and improve their own health.
- To develop the health attitudes.
- To eradicate the disease through health drive programmes.
- To provide a healthful environment for physical and mental growth.
- To improve the general conditions of living in the community.
(ii) Meaning of Rehabilitation : Rehabilitation is the process of providing relief help to disabled, deformed, disfigured or injured people to come back to normalcy and lead a respectable and independent life again. Rehabilitation is an integral part of medical care. In other words giving every possible facility to disabled or handicapped person and making an effort to enable him to lead an honourable life is called rehabilitation.
State the corrective measures of the following postural deformities :
(i) Flat foot  (ii) Knock-knee.  Answer 6:
(i) Flat Foot: The best treatment to help the child with flat feet and no other problem may be to go barefoot. Walking barefoot on sand or rough ground helps, the feet get stronger and form a natural arch. Walking on tiptoe, skipping rope, and picking things up with the toes may also help. In order to strengthen the feet, the following exercises, if practiced daily.
- Stand barefooted with feet parallel and about 2 inches apart, straddling a scam or line in a rug. On the count 1 the feet are forcibly turned out and on the count 2 they are allowed to roll slowly in, but not all the way. This is carried out from twenty-five to one hundred times.
- Same as (3) except that the feet are raised alternately opposite the other knee.
- Same as (1) except the two big toes are held together and on the floor.
- Stand with feet straddling a scam in the rug or on a line on the floor and walk across the room with all the weight borne by the outer borders of the feet. This is done five times up and back.
Special exercises, training in ‘foot posture’, shoe adaptations, heel wedges and shoe inserts (heel cups and insoles) are often prescribed to correct flat feet. However, studies show that usually none of these help. Use of insoles to support the arches may even cause weaker arches. Usually insoles should be tried only when pain is a problem, or in some severe flat feet caused by polio, cerebral palsy, or Down Syndrome.