ISC Political Science 2010 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

ISC Political Science 2010 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and 2 (Section-A and B). By the practice of Political Science 2010 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

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ISC Political Science 2010 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

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Sections-A of Part-2

Section-B of Part-2

Maximum Marks: 80
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 (Compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II, choosing two questions from Section A, two questions from Section B and one question from either Section A or Section B.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part-I (20 Marks)

Answer all questions

ISC Political Science 2010 Class-12 

Question 1.
Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (xv): [15 x 2]
(i) How are states classified on the basis of territorial division of authority and on the basis of the nature of use of authority ?
(ii) What is a confederation ?
(iii) Differentiate between a totalitarian state and an authoritarian state.
(iv) What is the position of the cabinet in a Presidential system of government ?
(v) Explain the meaning of the term convention.
Give one example.
(vi) Classify the constitutions on the basis of their amending processes. Give examples.
(vii) Why did Montesquieu advocate the Theory of Separation of Powers ? What does the theory imply ‘
(viii) How does the President of the USA exercise checks upon the Judiciary ?
(ix) Explain Cumulative Vote System.
(x) What is functional representation ?
(xi) Explain what is meant by the term pocket veto of the U.S. President.
(xii) Define Rule of Law.
(xiii) Mention the special powers enjoyed exclusively by the Rajya Sabha.
(xiv) Name the apex judicial institutions in the U.K. and India.
(xv) What is the meaning of regional imbalance
Answer 1:
(ii) Confederation is an association of sovereign member states that by treaty have delegated certain of their competences to common institutions, in order to coordinate their policies in a number of areas, without constituting a new state on top of the member states. It is a permanent union of sovereign states for common action in relation to other states.

(iv) The Cabinet in the United States is in fact the President’s family : It is he who makes his Cabinet and he can also unmake it at his will. The Cabinet has a character and importance of its own. Membership in it continues to be an ambition of many politicians because the Cabinet examines and discusses broad policies of the Government.

While evaluating the role of the American cabinet it may be added that it is a body of advisers and not a council of his colleagues with whom he has to work and upon whose approval he depends.


(vi) A Flexible Constitution is one which can be easily amended. Many political scientists define a Flexible Constitution as one in which the Constitutional law can be amended in the same way as an ordinary law is made by the Legislature. Britain presents a classic example of a Flexible Constitution. The Rigid Constitution is one which cannot be easily amended. Its method of amendment is difficult. For amending it, the Legislature has to pass a proposal by a specific, usually big majority of 2/3rd or 3/4th or absolute majority, i.e., 51% of votes. The American Constitution is a classic example of Rigid Constitution.

(vii) The framers of the American Constitution wanted to prevent separate branches from encroaching upon one another, and to avert deadlock, the fathers of the Constitution provided an elaborate system of checks and balances. The judicial organ is checked by the fact that all the Judges are appointed ‘by the President with the approval of the Senate.’ Then, all judges can be impeached. The Congress can determine the size of the courts.

(xi) A Pocket Veto occurs when a Bill fails to become law because the President does not sign the Bill and cannot return the Billto Congress within a 10-days period because Congress is not in Session. Article 1, Section 7 of the U.S. Constitution States : ‘If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (excluding Sundays) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.’

(xiii) Two powers enjoyed exclusively by the Rajya Sabha are:
The power to declare a subject of State List as a subject of national importance. Under Article 249, the Rajya Sabha can pass a resolution by 2/3rd majority of its members for declaring a subject of the State List as a subject of national importance.

Power in respect of creation or abolition of an All India Service. Art. 312 of the Constitution empowers the Rajya Sabha to create one or more new All India Services. It can do so by passing a resolution supported by 2/3rd majority on the plea of national interest.

Part-II (60 Marks)

Answer any three questions

Previous Year Question Papers for ISC Political Science 2010 of Class-12 Solved

Question 2.
(a) What were the criteria used by C.F. Strong for ‘classification of States’ ? Give examples. [8] (b) Critically evaluate Aristotle’s ‘classification of States’. [6]

Question 3.
(a) Distinguish between Unitary and Federal forms of Governments. [8] (b) Discuss six conditions which are essential for the successful working of a federation. [6] Answer 3.
(a) Unitary Government : Power is almost entirely centralized in a national Government. Power devolves to local Governments only for the sake of convenience (such as garbage collection times or issuing parking tickets). Any local Governments that exists hold power only with permission from the national Government, and they cannot ever conflict with national policy. Thus, in the UK, the counties into which England is divided have their own bureaucracies and regulations, but only in areas where the national Parliament has given them permission to set up those systems. Unlike a Federal system, there are no reserved powers for states or provinces.

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