ISC Political Science 2012 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

ISC Political Science 2012 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and 2 (Section-A and B). By the practice of Political Science 2012 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

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ISC Political Science 2012 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

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Sections-A of Part-2

Section-B of Part-2

Maximum Marks: 80
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 (Compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II, choosing two questions from Section A, two questions from Section B and one question from either Section A or Section B.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part-I (20 Marks)

Answer all questions

ISC Political Science 2012 Class-12 

Question 1.
Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (xv): [15 x 2]
(i) What was the basis of Plato’s classification of States ?
(ii) What is the meaning of social and economic checks and balances in a liberal democracy?
(iii) Give one example each of a unitary state which is democratic, and one which is a totalitarian communist state.
(iv) What is Unitary Federalism ?
(v) Mention two demerits of a written constitution.
(vi) What is the role of civil servants in policy formation ?
(vii) What is meant by single member constituency ?
(viii) Explain the second ballot system.
(ix) What is a reserved constituency in the Indian electoral system ?
(x) With whom are the residuary powers vested in :
(a) U.S.A.
(b) India?
(xi) List two ways in which the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha.
(xii) Define senatorial courtesy.
(xiii) Mention the basic difference between the position of the British Speaker and his American counterpart.
(xiv) What is the mode of appointment of judges in the apex courts of:
(a) India

(b) U.K.?
(xv) Suggest any two measures to eradicate economic inequality.
Answer 1:
(ii) In a Liberal Democracy, there are social and economic checks and balances on the activities of government. Characterized by the active existence and activities of a large number of social and economic associations/ interest groups of the people which enjoy a large amount of autonomy, therse groups play a vital role in the political process. The bulk of economic decisions in liberal democracy is not taken by the government alone. The interest groups play a vital role in it. The duty of the government is to harmonies and coordinate social and economic relations and to impose and coerce only in the last resort.

(iii) The example of a unitary and democratic state is United Kingdom. The example of a totalitarian communist state is China.



(iv) Unitary federalism means a federation with increasing powers of union government vis – a – vis states.

(v) Two demerits of written constitution :
(a) It does not keep pace with changing conditions.
(b) It is not suitable to face emergencies.

(vi) The civil servants provide necessary information and advice to political executive in policy formulation.

(x) In USA, residuary powers are vested in the states. In India, residuary powers are vested, in the union government.

(xi) Lok Sabha is more powerful than Rajya Sabha in following two areas :

  • No-confidence motion against council of ministers is passed only in Lok Sabha.
  • A Money Bill can be introduced in Lok Sabha only.

Part-II (60 Marks)

Answer any three questions

Previous Year Question Papers for ISC Political Science 2012 of Class-12 Solved

Question 2.
(a) Explain Aristotle’s classification of States and critically evaluate it. [8]
(b) No rule is better than self-rule. In the light of the statement, discuss any six merits of Liberal Democracy. [6]
Answer 2:
(b) Self rule means rule by the persons who are selected on the consent of ruled. No rule is better than self rule because it provides best opportunities for the development of persona¬lities of people, effective participation of people in the government process and more effective channels of political education. Self rule is the chief characteristics of liberal democracy. Merits of Liberal Democracy : Liberal Democracy is characterized by representative government, provision for civil liberties and limited scope of the government.
Six main merits of liberal democracy are given below:

  1. It provides for the rule of people and a representative and responsible government.
  2. It promotes the interest of common man. It provides various social, economic and political benefits to all citizens.
  3. It provides for a secure and stable government with no chance for revolutions and violent means.
  4. It treats all people as equal partners and participants in the government. Equality is the cornerstone of liberal democracy.
  5. It provides for effective channels for popular participation and political education to people.
  6. It prevents the arbitrary and despotico rule as rulers are changed after regular interval through periodic election.

Question 3.
(a) Define Federation and explain its four merits and four demerits. [8]
(b) Give any six salient features of a parliamentary system of government. [6]
Answer 3:
(a) Federation is a form of government where ruling powers are divided between the union or central government and the state or provincial governments. The division of powers is effected through the constitution. According to Garner, federal government can be defined as a system of central and local (provincial) governments, combined under common sovereignty, both the central and local governments being supreme within definite spheres, marked out for them by the general constitution or by the act of parliament which creates the system.
Merits of Federation : A federation is opposite to unitary government. It has the following merits :

Suitable for big states : Big states cannot be ruled from a single center. Hence federal governments are best suited for big states to ensure effective rule.

Division of work : A federation works on the basis of division of work and responsibilities between the union and provincial governments. Hence both governments are able to concentrate on the designated functions.

Truly Democratic : A federal state is truly democratic as it decentralizes political authority, checks arbitrariness of central government and provides more opportunity for political participation and political education.


Society is federal : According to Laski, since society is federal in nature, the federation is the natural form of government.

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