ISC Sociology 2016 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

ISC Sociology 2016 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and Part-2. By the practice of Sociology 2016 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

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ISC Sociology 2016 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved

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Maximum Marks: 70
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 from Part I and five questions from Part II,
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part – I (20 Marks)
Answer all questions.

ISC Sociology 2016 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved

Question 1:
Answer briefly each of the following questions : [10 x 2]
(i) Define classifications Kinship Terms.
(ii) Explain the term Consanguineous Family.
(iii) Explain moral code and religious code.
(iv) What is a Taboo ?
(v) Define Xenophobia.
(vi) What are Bal Panchayats ?
(vii) What is meant by Sanskritization ?
(viii) State any two functions of education.
(ix) Distinguish between economic goods and free goods.
(x) What is the racial classification of the Tribes ?
Answer 1:
(i) Classificatory kinship terms are terms used to refer to more than one relations in a kinship group! Thus, the term ‘Uncle’ is a classificatory kinship term which is used to refer to kins such as chacha, foofa, mama, tau, mausa, etc.

(ii) A consanguineous family is the family which has blood relations with their mates and children.

(iii) Moral codes are the rules governing the distinction between right and wrong. The religious codes refer to the rules which are defined by a specific religion. Provision should be made to enrol the non-admitted children to the age-appropriate class. The specification regarding the pupil- teacher ratios, building and infrastructure, working days, teacher working days and working hours should be clearly spelled out.

(iv) Competent teachers should be employed for the purpose of imparting quality education to the pupils, and corporal punishment should Religious codes can be without any moral ground but moral codes are based on beliefs in divinity. For example, Sati Pratha was practiced as a religious code, which was devoid of a moral ground.

(iv) Taboo refers to sacred prohibition on certain things or acts which ensure order, stability and solidarity within the group. It originates from Polynesian word tabu’ which means ‘to forbid,. The most important is the incest taboo . which strictly prohibits sexual relationship between primary kins and who are related by blood. ‘



(v) Xenophobia is the fear of what is perceived to be foreign or strange. It can be manifested in many forms such as the fear of losing identity, aggression, suspicion about the activities of a particular group, and the desire to eliminate a particular group in order to secure a presumed purity. ’

(vi) Bal Panchayat is the representative organ of Bal Sabha. It’s members are the elected / selected members of the Bal Sabha and is accountable to it. The age of the members is between 10-15 years.. It is an initiative supported by UNICEF to involve children in decision making at village panchayat level.

(vii) This term was coined by M. N. Srinivas, Sanskritization is the process by which a low caste Hindu adopts the customs, traditions, ideology and rituals of the twice bom castes (Brahmin, Kshatriyas and Vaisyas); which is followed by a claim to a higher position in the caste hierarchy.

(viii) Following are the two functions of education :

  • It completes the process of socialization by inculcating the values and norms of the society.
  • It transmits cultural heritage, such as art, literature, music, religion, philosophy, etc. from one generation to another.

(ix) An economic good is a consumable item that is useful to people, but is scarce in relation to it’s demand, so the human effort is required to obtain it. On the contrary, free goods (such as air) are naturally available in abundance and need no conscious effort to obtain them.

(x) Dr. B .S. Guha has classified the Indian tribes on the basis of the races. He has divided them into the following racial groups: the Negrito, the Caucasoid, the Proto-Australoid, the Mongoloid and the Nordic Group.

Part – II (50 Marks)
Answer any five questions.

ISC Sociology 2016 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved 

Question 2:
(a) Social institutions are the main building blocks of the society. In this context, explain the features of the Social Institutions. [5]
(b) Explain any five features of a family. [5]
Answer 2:
(a) Social institutions are the building blocks of the society. The features of the social institutions are as follows :

  • Social institutions are the means to control social behavior of the individuals.
  • Social institutions are dependent upon the activities of the people.
  • Social institutions are more stable than other means of social control.
  • Social institutions are a collection of social values, norms, rules and regulations.
  • Social institutions are a source of completion of specific needs and objectives.

(b) Following are the different features of a family :

  • It is a universal institution which is found in each and every society.
  • It is a fundamental institution which is established on the basis of impulses associated with mating, procreation and parental care.
  • It has limited size which is defined by biological conditions which it be transcended.
  • It exercises profound influence over its members and moulds their personalities.
  • It teaches the meaning of responsibility and the need of cooperation to its members.

Question 3:    (ISC Sociology 2016 Class-12 )
(a) Marriage is characterized by both Exogamy and Endogamy. Explain this statement with a detailed discussion of these two rules of marriage. [5]
(b) Discuss Panchayati Raj and its three tiers. [5]
Answer 3:
(a) ‘Marriage is characterized by both exogamy and endogamy.’ Following are the rules associated with marriage :
Exogamy: Everyone prohibits marriage between the individuals who share some degrees of blood or affinal relationships. It is known as exogamy or prohibition of marriage inside the group. In India, the three types of exogamy are Gotra, Sapinda and Pravara exogamy.

Endogamy: Sometimes restrictions are imposed on the selection of the spouse from outside the same caste or class as that of the individual. The rule of marriage which promotes marriage within the same group is known as endogamy. In India, different types of endogamy are: tribal endogamy, caste endogamy, class endogamy, sub-caste endogamy and race endogamy.

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