ISC Sociology 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

ISC Sociology 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and Part-2. By the practice of Sociology 2019 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

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ISC Sociology 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved

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Maximum Marks: 70
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 from Part I and five questions from Part II,
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part – I (20 Marks)
Answer all questions.

ISC Sociology 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved

Question 1.
Answer briefly each of the following questions : [10 x 2] (i) Distinguish between Exogamy and Endo-gamy.
(ii) What is meant by Avunculocal form of residence ?
(iii) Explain the theory of Animism.
(iv) Differentiate between Levirate and Sororate.
(v) Define urbanisation.
(vi) What is meant by Mass Media ?
(vii) Define the term Ethnocentrism.
(viii) What is meant by domestic violence ?
(ix) Explain the term Brahmanisation.
(x) Define Kinship.
Answer 1:
ISC Sociology Question Paper 2019 Solved for Class 12 1
(ii) The type of residence where the nephews and nieces stay in the house of their maternal uncle is called as Avunculocal residence. In such cases, the maternal uncle holds a very high authoritative place in the lives of his sister’s, children. Mostly associated with Matrilineal societies.

(iii) This theory is a tribal form of religious theory founded by E.B. Tylor. This theory is essentially a belief in the spirit or soul of the dead. According to him, Animism is a given form of religion in which man finds the presence of spirit in every object that surrounds him.
ISC Sociology Question Paper 2019 Solved for Class 12 2
(v) The population growth of cities, due to movement of people from rural to urban centers refer to the process of Urbanization. Urbanization was a direct result of industrial growth and development in India. Urbanization promotes individuality and may also be a factor that contributes to the breakdown of the Indian joint families.

(vi) Any form of media that reaches out to a large number of audience or people at the same time providing them with information and spreading awareness can be termed as Mass Media. The newspapers, radios, internet, televisions etc. all serve as examples of mass media, communication takes place through technology.

(vii) The view that makes an individual or a group feel that their own culture/religion/race etc. is superior as compared to those of other groups is termed as Ethnocentrism. This is one of the causes of prejudice. This term was coined by William Graham Sumner.

(viii) Any form of violence that is suffered by an individual within the boundaries of their private sphere or domestic sphere is said to be domestic violence. It can take the form of physical, emotional, financial or psycholo¬gical violence or harassment. Usually women are the most common victims of domestic violence. However in some instances the aged, children as well as men may be the victims of domestic violence.

(ix) M.N. Srinivas described Brahmanisation as the process of imitating the lifestyles of the Brahmins like vegetarianism and teetotalism by the lower castes in order to rise up the social ladder of caste.

(x) The bond of blood or marriage that binds people together in a group is called a kinship. There are mainly two types of kinship groups found, namely, consanguineous and affinal.. While consanguineous refers to those kins who are related by blood, e.g. : Siblings; affinal kins on the other hand refer to those people who are related via the social institution of marriage, e.g. Husband-wife.

Part – II (50 Marks)
Answer any five questions.

ISC Sociology 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved 

Question 2.
(a) Discuss the differences between polygyny and polyandry as forms of marriage. [5] (b) Define religion. Discuss religious beliefs and religious rituals. [5] Answer 2:
(a) polygyny : This is a form of marriage in which a man marries more than one woman. Polygyny as a polygamous form of marriage which is more popular than polyandry.

Polygyny may be of the following types :

  • Sororal polygyny : In this type of polygyny, the man marries a number of women simultaneous who are sisters.
  • Non-sororal polygyny : In this type, the several wives of the man are not related as sisters of each other.

Causes of polygyny may include the following :

  • When there are more number of females as compared to the males.
  • When women contribute economically to the family.
  • Sometimes the first wife may force the husband to bring in a second wife to reduce her work load at home.
  • Childlessness of the first wife can lead to the addition of a second wife into the family.

Polyandry : In this type of marriage one woman is married to several men at the same time.

Polyandry may be of the following types :

  • Fraternal : When several brothers are married to the same woman.
  • Non-fraternal : When the several husbands of the woman need not be related as brothers. However both of these types of polyandry should not be confused with ‘wife sharing’ or ‘wife-lending’.

Causes for polyandry may include the following :

  • Scarcity of women.
  • Heavy bride price.
  • Poverty and sterility of men

(b) Religion revolves around man’s belief in the supernatural forces. Religion is a social institution that:

  • Binds man to the supernatural .
  • Binds man to man.
  • Binds the society together.

Religious beliefs and rituals form the two core aspects of any religion.

Religious beliefs : Almost all religious organisations depend upon certain types of beliefs and knowledge with which influence is achieved upon its followers. Religious beliefs form the cognitive part of any religion. They tell us that existence of sacred things is true and also give us information about the super natural world and also informs us about how our worlds are bound to the supernatural world.
Eg.: We believe that God is watching over all his creations and will deliver justice at the end of it all.

Religious Rituals : This is the practical side of religion. Thus it is the symbolic actions associated with the sacred. E.g. recitation of hymns, immersion in sacred rivers. Ritual is a means to remind the individual of the holy world. It helps man to give expression to his religious sentiments. Religion as a social system that can be understood only by taking into account the religious beliefs and rituals.

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