Language of Chemistry Dalal Simplified ICSE Class-9 Solutions
Dr Viraf J Dalal Middle School Chemistry Allied Publishers
Language of Chemistry Dalal Simplified ICSE Class-9 Solutions Chapter-1 . Therefore we Provide Step by Step Solutions of Exercise/Lesson -1 The Language of Chemistry with Additional Questions and Unit Test of Dr Viraf J Dalal Middle School Chemistry Allied Publishers. Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-9.
The Language of Chemistry Dalal Simplified Class-9 ICSE Chemistry Chapter-1
–: Select topics :–
Language of Chemistry Questions Previous Year
XCl2 is the chloride of a metal X. State the formula of the sulphate and the hydroxide of the metal X.
An element X is trivalent. Write the balanced equation for the combustion of X in oxygen.
Combustion of X3+ in oxygen means oxide of X
The formula of the nitride of a metal X is XN, state the formula of :
- its sulphate
- its hydroxide.
Formula of nitride of metal X is XN
Since valency of nitrogen is 3-
∴ Valency of X is 3+
What is the valency of nitrogen in :
Additional Questions of Language of Chemistry Dalal Simplified Class-9
What is meant by the term ‘symbol’. Give the qualitative and quantitative meaning of the term ‘symbol’.
Symbol : “Is the short form that stands for the atom of a specific element.”
Qualitative meaning : C is the symbol of atom of element carbon
S is the symbol of atom of element sulphur.
This means symbol stand for a specific element.
No two elements can have the same symbol.
Quantitative meaning : A symbol also represents quantity of the element i.e. atomic mass of element. Symbol C represents 12 g of carbon. In other words how many times that element is heavier than 1/12 th C12
Name three metals whose symbols are derived from :
(a) the first letter of the name of the element
(b) from their Latin names.
Explain the meaning of the term ‘valency’.
State why the valency of the metal potassium is +1 and of the non-metal chlorine is -1.
Valency : “Is the combining capacity of atom or of a radical.” OR
“Valency is the number of electrons, which an atom can lose/gain/share during a chemical reaction.”
Metal potassium (K) has 1 electron in outer most shell which it loses and becomes K+ has valency [+1] whereas
Non-metal chlorine [Cl] has 7 electrons in valence shell and gains 1 electron and becomes [Cl–] has valency [-1]
What is meant by the term ‘variable valency’. Give a reason why silver exhibits a valency of +1 and +2.
Variable valency : “Certain elements exhibit more than one valency and show variable valency.”
Reason : Why silver exhibits valency +1 and +2 Ag 47 [2, 8, 18, 18, 1] has 1 electron in the outermost shell when loses this electron shows [+1] valency but when penultimate shell has not attained stability and one more electron jumps to the outermost shell there by increasing valency electron and new configuration [2, 8, 18, 17, 2] loses two electrons and has valency [+2]
∴ Silver exhibits Ag1+ [ous] and Ag2+ [ic]
Give examples of eight metals which shows variable valency. State the valency of sulphur in :
Eight metals which show variable valency are
State the valency in each case and name the following elements or radicals given below
State the variable valencies of the following elements and give their names.
(a) Cu, (b) Ag, (c) Hg, (d) Fe, (e) Pb, (f) Sn, (g) Mn, (h) Pt, (i) Au
State which of the following elements or radicals are divalent –
(a) Lithium, (b) Nickel, (c) Ammonium, (d) Bromide, (e) Sulphite, (f) Nitride, (g) Carbide, (h) Chromium, (i) Bisulphite, (j) Dichromate, (k) Permanganate.
(j) Dichromate are divalent
Explain the meaning of the term ‘compound’ with a suitable example. State the main characteristics of a compound with special reference to the compound iron [II] sulphide.
Compound : “Is a pure substance made up of two or more elements combined chemically by in a fixed proportion.”
Example : CO2 carbon dioxide is made up of two elements carbon and oxygen C,
12 parts by weight and oxygen
2 × 16 = 32 parts by weight
i.e. in ratio C : O = 12 : 16 = 3 : 4
CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPOUND :
- Components in definite proportion e.g. compound iron [II] sulphide FeS element Iron and sulphur are in definite ratio.
- Compound is Homogeneous.
- Particles in a compound are of J kind composition of iron (II) sulphide is uniform and components cannot be seen separately.
- Compound has definite set of properties.
- Component in FeS do not retain their original properties, i.e. iron cannot be attracted by a magnet, sulphur is insoluble in CS2 and Fe does not giyes H2 with dil. acid. This means compound formed has new properties.
Name the elements in the compound and give the formula – of the following compounds :
(a) Nitric acid, (b) Carbonic acid, (c) Phosphoric acid, (d) Acetic acid, (e) Blue vitriol, (f) Green vitriol, (g) Glauber’s salt, (h) Ethane, (i) Ethanol
Explain the term ‘chemical formula’. State why the molecular formula of zinc carbonate is ZnCO3
Chemical Formula : “A molecule of a substance element or compound could be represented by symbols. Representation known as chemical formula i.e. molecular formula of oxygen gas is O2 water H2O, hydrochloric acid HCl etc.
Molecular formula of zinc carbonate : Zinc and carbonate both have valency
Write the formula of the following compounds :
Write the names of the following compounds :
Explain the term ‘chemical equation’. What is meant by ‘reactants’ and ‘products’ in a chemical equation.
Chemical equation : “Is the symbolic representation of a chemical reaction using symbols and the formulae of the substances involved in the reaction.”
Sulphur bums in oxygen is a chemical reaction and sulphur dioxide is formed. This can be represented as sulphur + oxygen → sulphur dioxide is word equation
Reactants : Substances taking part in a reaction separated by (+) sign on the left hand side of arrow are called reactants.
Products : Substances formed in the reaction are called products.
Give an example of a chemical equation in which two reactants form –
(a) one product
(b) two products
(c) three products
(d) four products
(a) State what is a ‘balanced equation’.
(b) Give a reason why the above equation is balanced.
(c) State why the compound MnO2 is written above the arrow.
(a) Balanced equation : “Equation in which the total number of atoms of each element in the reactants, on the left side of the equation is equal to the number of atoms of each element in the products formed, on the right side of the equation.”
(b) As the total number of [K, Cl, 0] atoms on the L.H.S. is equal to the number of the given atoms on the R.H.S., the given equation is balanced.
(c) MnO2 is a catalyst in the reaction which does not under go any change and simply increases the rate of reaction is written above the arrow.