# Magnetism Exe-10B Long Ans Concise Physics ICSE Class 9 Selina Publishers Solutions

Magnetism Exe-10B Long Ans Concise Physics ICSE Class 9 Selina Publishers Solutions. Very important long Questions with answer on Electromagnet and its Uses topics. Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-9 Physics.

## Magnetism Exe-10B Long Ans Concise Physics ICSE Class 9 Selina Publishers Solutions

 Board ICSE Class 9 Subject Physics Writer / Publication Concise selina Publishers Chapter-10 Magnetism Exe-10B Electro magnet and its Uses Topics Solution of Exe-10B  Long Answer Type Academic Session 2024-2025

### Electro Magnet and its Uses

Magnetism Exe-10B Long Ans Concise Physics ICSE Class 9 Selina Publishers Solutions.

##### Question-1:  How is an electromagnet made? Name two factors on which the strength of the magnetic field of an electromagnet depends.

Answer- An electromagnet is made by winding an insulated copper wire around a soft iron core either in the shape of a solenoid or U-shape and passing current through it.

The strength of magnetic field of an electromagnet depends on: 1=>The number of turns of wire wound around the coil, and 2=>The amount of current flowing through the wire.

##### Question-2:  You are required to make an electromagnet from a soft iron bar by using a cell, an insulated coil of copper wire and a switch. (a) Draw a circuit diagram to represent the process. (b) Label the poles of the electromagnet.

Answer-An electromagnet is a coil of current-carrying wire wound around an iron core as shown in the attached figure. When connected to a current source, the electromagnet becomes energised, creating a magnetic field just like a permanent magnet. The polarity of an electromagnet can be determined using right-hand thumb rule.

##### Question-3:  State two differences between an electromagnet and a permanent magnet.

Difference Between Electromagnet and Permanent Magnet
Electromagnet Permanent Magnet
The magnetic properties are displayed when current is passed through it Magnetic properties exist when the material is magnetised
The strength is adjusted depending upon the amount of flow of current The strength depends upon the nature of the material used in its creation
Removal of magnetic properties is temporary Once magnetic properties are lost, it becomes useless
It requires a continuous supply of electricity to maintain its magnetic field. It doesn’t require a continuous supply of electricity to maintain its magnetic field
It is usually made of soft materials It is usually made of hard materials
The poles of this kind of magnet can be altered with the flow of current The poles of this kind of magnet cannot be changed.
##### Question-4: Show with the aid of a diagram how a wire is wound on a U-shaped piece of soft iron in order to make it an  electromagnet. Complete the circuit diagram and label the poles of the electro magnet

Answer- An electromagnet is simply a coil of wire. It is usually wound around an iron core. However, it could be wound around an air core, in which case it is called a solenoid. When connected to a current source, the electromagnet becomes energized, creating a magnetic field just like a permanent magnet.

##### How polarity of the electromagnet is determine

The polarity of the electromagnet is determined by the direction the current. The north pole of the electromagnet is determined by using our right hand. If we wrap our fingers around the coil in the same direction as the current is flowing (conventional current flows from + to -). The direction our thumb is pointing is the direction of the magnetic field, so north would come out of the electromagnet in the direction of our thumb.

Above is the circuit diagram of an electromagnet on a horse shoe shaped core with the poles marked and direction of current indicated.

—-: Magnetism Exe-10B Long Ans Concise Physics ICSE Class 9 Selina Publishers Solutions. :—

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