Natural and Whole Numbers ICSE Class-6th Concise Selina

Natural and Whole Numbers ICSE Class-6th Concise Selina Chapter-5 . We provide step by step Solutions of Exercise / lesson / Ch-5 Natural and Whole Numbers for ICSE Class-6 Concise Selina Mathematics. Our Solutions contain all type Questions with Exe-5A , Exe-5B , Exe-5C, Exe-5D ,Exe-5E and Exe-5F to develop skill and confidence. Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-6.

Natural and Whole Numbers ICSE Class-6th Concise Maths Selina Ch-5


–: Select Topics :–

Exercise -5 A

Exercise -5 B

Exercise -5 C

Exercise -5 D

Exercise -5 E

Exercise -5 F

 


Exercise- 5 A Natural and Whole Numbers ICSE Class-6th Concise Maths Selina Solutions

Question -1.

Fill in the blanks :
(i) Smallest natural number is …………..
(ii) Smallest whole number is …………
(iii) Largest natural number is …………
(iv) Largest whole number is ………..
(v) All natural numbers are …………
(vi) All whole numbers are not …………
(vii) Successor of 4099 is …………..
(viii) Predecessor of 4330 is …………….

Answer-1

 

(i) Smallest natural number is 1
(ii) Smallest whole number is 0
(iii) Largest natural number is can not be obtained
(iv) Largest whole number is can not be obtained
(v) All natural numbers are whole numbers
(vi) All whole numbers are not natural numbers
(vii) Successor of 4099 is 4099 + 1 = 4100
(viii) Predecessor of 4330 is 4330 – 1 = 4329

Question -2.

Represent the following whole numbers on a number line :
0, 3, 5, 8, 10

Answer-2

Number line used to represent whole numbers 0, 3, 5, 8, 10 is as given below:

Represent the following whole numbers on a number line : 0, 3, 5, 8, 10

Question -3.

State, true or false :
(i) Whole number are closed for addition.
(ii) If a and b are any two whole numbers, then a + b is not a whole number.
(iii) If a and b are any two whole numbers, then a + b = b + a
(iv) 0 + 18= 18 + 0
(v) Addition of whole numbers is associative.
(vi) 10 + 12 + 16 = (10 + 12) + 16 = 10 + (12 + 16)

Answer-3

 

(i) True
(ii) True
(iii) True
(iv) True
(v) True
(vi) True

Question -4.

Fill in the blanks :
(i) 54 + 234 = 234 + …………
(ii) 332 + 497 = ………… + 332
(iii) 286 + 0 = ………..
(iv) 286 x 1 = ……….
(v) a + (b + c) = (a + ………) + c

Answer-4

(i) 54 + 234 = 234 + 54
(ii) 332 + 497 = 497 + 332
(iii) 286 + 0 = 286
(iv) 286 x 1 = 286
(v) a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c

Question -5.

By re-arranging the given numbers, evaluate :
(i) 237 + 308 + 163
(ii) 162 + 253 +338 + 47
(iii) 21 + 22 + 23 + 24 + 25 + 75 + 76 + 77 + 78 + 79
(iv) 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 596 + 597 + 598 + 599

Answer-5

(i) 237 + 308 + 163
= (237 + 163) + 308 (by associative law)
= 400 + 308 = 708
(ii) 162 + 253 + 338 + 47
= (162 + 338) + (253 + 47) (By associative law)
= 500 + 300 = 800
(iii) 21 + 22 + 23 + 24 + 25 + 75 + 76 + 77 + 78 + 79
= (21 + 79) + (22 + 78) + (23 + 77) + (24 + 76) + (25 + 75) (By associative law)
= 100 + 100+ 100+ 100 + 100 = 500
(iv) 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 596 + 597 + 598 + 599
= (1 + 599) + (2 + 598) + (3 + 597) + (4 + 596) (By associative law)
= 600 + 600 + 600 + 600 = 2400

Question -6.

Is a + b + c = a + (b + c) = (b + a) + c ?

Answer-6

 

Yes, because any set of three whole numbers if the sum of any two whole numbers is added to the third whole number, then whatever be their order, the sum will remain same

Question -7.

Which property of addition is satisfied by :
(i) 8 + 7 = 15
(ii) 3+ (5 + 4) = (3 + 5)+ 4
(iii) 8 x (8 + 0) = 8 x 8 + 8 x 0
(iv) (7 + 6) x 10 = 7 x 10 + 6 x 10
(v) (15 – 12) x 18 = 15 x 18 – 12 x 18
(vi) 16 + 0= 16
(vii) 23 + (-23) = 0

Answer-7

 

(i) 8 + 7=15
The property used as closure property satisfied by 15.
(ii) 3+ (5 + 4) = (3 + 5)+ 4 3 +(5+ 4) = 3 + 9=12 and (3+ 5)+ 4 = 8 + 4=12
The property used as Associative law of addition satisfied by 12.
(iii) 8 x (8 + 0) = 8 x 8 + 8 x 0
8 x (8 + 0) = 8 x 8 = 64
and 8 x 8 + 8 x 0 = 64 + 0 = 64
The property used as Distributive property over addition satisfied by 64.
(iv) (7 + 6) x 10 = 7 x 10 + 6 x 10 (7 + 6) x 10= 13 x 10= 130
and 7 x 10 + 6 x 10 = 70 + 60 = 130
The property used as Distributive over addition satisfied by 130.
(v) (15 – 12) x 18= 15 x 18- 12 x 18 (15 – 12) x 18 = 3 x 18 = 54
and 15 x 18 – 12 x 18 = 270 – 216 = 54
The property used as Distributive over subtraction satisfied by 54.
(vi) 16 + 0=16
The property used as Existence of identity satisfied by 16
(vii) 23 + (-23) = 0
The property used as Additive inverse satisfied by 0.

Question -8.

State, True or False :
(i) The sum of two odd numbers is an odd number.
(ii) The sum of two odd numbers is an even number.
(iii) The sum of two even numbers is an even number.
(iv) The sum of two even numbers is an odd number.

(v) The sum of an even number and an odd number is odd number.
(vi) Every whole number is a natural number.
(vii) Every natural number is a whole number.
(viii) Every whole number + 0 = The whole number itself.
(ix) Every whole number x 1 = The whole number itself.
(x) Commutativity and associativity are properties of natural numbers and whole numbers both.
(xi) Commutativity and associativity are properties of addition for natural numbers and whole numbers both.
(xii) If x is a whole number then -x is also a whole number.

Answer-8

(i) False.
The sum of two odd numbers is an even number.
(ii) True.
(iii) True.
(iv) False.
The sum of two even numbers is an even number.
(v) True.
(vi) False.
Every natural number is a whole number.
(vii) True.
(viii) True.
(ix) True.
(x) True.
(xi) True.
(xii) True.

 


Exercise – 5 B Natural and Whole Numbers ICSE Class-6th Concise Maths Selina Solutions

Question- 1.

Consider two whole numbers a and b such that a is greater than b.
(i) Is a – b a whole number? Is this result always true?
(ii) b – a a whole number? Is this result always true?

Answer-1

 

Let us take a as 2 and has 1
(i) a – b = 2 – 1 = 1,
Yes, a – b is a whole number and the result will always remain the same.
(ii) b – a = 1 – 2 = -1
No, a – b can never be a whole number. Yes, the result always be true

Question- 2.

Fill in the blanks :
(i) 8 – 0 = ……….. and 0 – 8 = ……….
8 – 0 ≠ 0 – 8, this shows subtraction of whole numbers is not ………..
(ii) 5 – 10 = ………., which is not a …………
⇒ Subtraction of ……….. is not closed.
(iii) 7 – 18 = ……….. and (7 – 18) – 5 = …………..
18 – 5 = …………. and (7 – 18) – 5 = ………….
Is (7 – 18) – 5 = 7 – (18 – 5) ?
⇒ Subtraction of whose numbers is not ………….

Answer-2

(i) 8 – 0 = 8 and 0 – 8 = -8
8 – 0 & 0 – 8, this shows subtraction of whole numbers is not commutative
(ii) 5 – 10 = -5, which is not a whole number
=> Subtraction of whole numbers is not associative.
(iii) 7 – 18 = -11 and (7 – 18) – 5 = -16
18 – 5 = 13 and (7 – 18) – 5 = -6
Is (7 – 18) – 5 = 7 – (18 – 5) = ?
No, (7- 18) – 5 ≠ 7 – (18 – 5)
=> Subtraction of whole number is not associative.

Question -3.

Write the identify number, if possible for subtraction.

Answer-3

 

It is not possible to identify the number.

Question -4.

Write the inverse, if possible for subtraction of whole numbers ?

Answer-4

 

The inverse does not exit.

Question -5.

12 × (9 – 6) = ………….. = ………….
12 × 9 – 12 × 6 = …………. = …………….
Is 12 × (9 – 6) = 12 × 9 – 12 × 6 ? ………….
Is this type of result always true ? ……………
Name the property used here …………..

Answer-5

12 x (9-6)= 12 x 3 = 36
12 x 9- 12 x 6 = 108 – 72 = 36
Is 12 x (9 – 6) = 12 x 9 – 12 x 6 ? =
Is this type of result always true ? Yes
Name the property used here Distributive property.

Question -6.

(16 – 8) × 24 = ………….. = …………..
16 × 24 – 8 × 24 = …….. – ……….. = ………..
Is (16 – 8) × 24 = 16 × 24 – 8 × 24 ? …………..
Is the type of result always true? ………….
Name the property used here ………………

Answer-6

(16 – 8) x 24 = 8 x 24 = 192
16 x 24 – 8 x 24 = 384 – 192 = 192
Is (16 – 8) x 24 = 16 x 24 – 8 x 24 ? Yes.
Is the type of result always true ? Yes
Name the property used here Distributivity.

 


Exercise – 5 C Selina Concise Maths Solutions for Natural and Whole Numbers for ICSE Class-6th

Question -1.

Fill in the blanks :
(i) 42 × o = ……….
(ii) 592 × 1 = ………..
(iii) 328 × 573 = ……….. × 328
(iv) 229 × ………… = 578 × 229
(v) 32 × 15 = 32 × 6 + 32 × 7 + 32 × ……….
(vi) 23 × 56 = 20 × 56 + ……… × 56
(vii) 83 × 54 + 83 × 16 = 83 × ( ……….. ) = 83 × ………….. = …………
(viii) 98 × 273 – 75 × 273 = ( …………. ) × 273 = ………… × 273

Answer-1

 

(i) 42 x 0 = 0
(By closure property 0)
(ii) 592 x 1 = 592
(By closure property 1)
(iii) 328 x 573 = 573 x 328
(By commutative law of multiplication)
(iv) 229 x 578 = 578 x 229
(By commutative law of multiplication)
(v) 32 x 15 = 32 x 6 + 32 x 7 + 32 x 2
(By commutative law of multiplication)
(vi) 23 x 56 = 20 x 56 + 3 x 56
(By Distributive law of multiplication)
(vii) 83 x 54 + 83 x 16 = 83 x (54 + 16) = 83 x 70 = 5810
(viii) 98 x 273 – 75 x 273 = (98 – 75) x 273 = 23 x 273

Question- 2.

By re-arranging the given numbers, evaluate :
(i) 2 × 487 × 50
(ii) 25 × 444 × 4
(iii) 225 × 20 × 50 × 4

Answer-2

(i) 2 x 487 x 50
2 x 50=100
2 x 487 x 50 = (2 x 50) x 487 = 100 x 487 = 48700
(ii) 25 x 444 x 4
25 x 4 = 100
25 x 444 x 4 = (25 x 4) x 444 = 100 x 444 = 444000
(iii) 225 x 20 x 50 x 4
= (225 x 4) x (20 x 50) = 900 x 1000 = 900, 000

Question- 3.

Use distributive law to evaluate :
(i) 984 × 102
(ii) 385 × 1004
(iii) 446 × 10002

Answer-3

 

(i) 984 x 102
= 984 x (100 + 2)
= 984 x 100 x 984 x 2
= 98400 + 1968 = 100,368
(ii) 385 x 1004
= 385 x (1000 + 4)
= 385 x 1000 x 385 x 4
= 385000 + 1540 = 386540
(iii) 446 x 10002
= 446 x (10000 + 2)
= 446 x 10000 x 446 x 2
= 4460000 + 892 = 4460892

Question -4.

Evaluate using properties :
(i) 548 × 98
(ii) 924 × 988
(iii) 3023 × 723

Answer-4

 

(i) 548 x 98
= (500 + 40 + 8) x 98
= 500 x 98 + 40 x 98 + 8 x 98
= 49000 + 3920 + 784 = 53704
(ii) 924 x 988
= (900 + 20 + 4) x 988
= 900 x 988 + 20 x 988 + 4 x 988
= 889200 + 19760 + 3952 = 912912
(iii) 3023 x 723
= (3000 + 20 + 3) x 723
= 3000 x 723 + 20 x 723 + 3 x 723
= 2169000 + 14460 + 2169 = 2185629

Question -5.

Evaluate using properties :
(i) 679 × 8 + 679 × 2
(ii) 284 × 12 – 284 × 2
(iii) 55873 × 94 + 55873 × 6
(iv) 7984 × 15 – 7984 × 5
(v) 8324 × 1945 – 8324 × 945
(vi) 3333 × 987 + 13 × 3333

Answer-5

 

(i) 679 x 8 + 679 x 2
= 679 x (8 + 2) (using distributivity)
= 679 x 10 = 6790
(ii) 284 x 12-284 x 2
= 284 x (12-2) (using distributivity)
= 284 x 10 = 2840
(iii) 55873 x 94 + 55873 x 6
= 55873 x (94 + 6) (using distributivity)
= 55873 x 100 = 5587300
(iv) 7984 x 15 – 7984 x 5
= 7984 x (15 – 5) (using distributivity)
= 7984 x 10 = 79840
(v) 8324 x 1.945 – 8324 x 945
= 8324 x (1945 – 945) (using distributivity)
= 8324 x 1000 = 8324000
(vi) 3333 x 987 + 13 x 3333
= 3333 x (987 + 13) (using distributivity)
= 3333 x 1000 = 3333000

Question -6.

Find the product of the :
(i) greatest number of three digits and smallest number of five digits.
(ii) greatest number of four digits and the greatest number of three digits.

Answer-6

 

(i) Greatest number of three digits = 999
and Smallest number of five digits = 10000
Required product = 999 x 10000 = 9990000
(ii) Greatest number of four digits = 9999
and Greatest number of three digits = 999
Required product = 9999 x 999
= 9999 x (1000 – 1)
= 9999 x 1000 – 9999 x 1 (using distributivity)
= (10000- 1) x 1000 – (10000- 1) x 1
= 10000 x 1000 – 1 x 1000 – 10000 + 1
= 10000000 – 1000 – 10000 + 1
= 10000001 – 11000
= 9989001

Question- 7.

Fill in the blanks :
(i) (437 + 3) × (400 – 3) = 397 × ……….
(ii) 66 + 44 + 22 = 11 × (………..) = 11 × ……….

Answer-7

(i) (437 + 3) x (400 – 3) = 397 x 440
(ii) 66 + 44 + 22 = 11 x (6 + 4 + 2) = 11 x 12 = 132

Question -8.

Evaluate :
(i) 355 × 18
(ii) 6214 × 12
(iii) 15 × 49372
(iv) 9999 × 8

Answer-8

(ï) 355 x 18
(300 + 50 + 5) x 18
300 x 18 + 50 x 18 + 5 x 18
= 5400 + 900 + 90
= 6390
(ii) 6214 x 12
=(6000 + 200 + 10 + 4) x 12
=6000 x 12+ 200 x 12 + 10 x 12 +4 x 12
= 72000 + 2400 + 120 + 48
= 74568
(iii) 15 x 49372
= 15 x (40000 + 9000 + 300 + 70 + 2)
= 15 x 40000 + 15 x 9000 + 15 x 300+ 15 x 70 + 15 x 2
= 600000 + 135000 + 4500 + 1050 + 30
= 740580
(iv) 9999 x 8
= (9000 + 900 + 90 + 9) x 8
=9000 x 8+900 x 8 + 90 x 8 + 9 x 8
= 72000 + 7200 + 720 + 72
= 79992

 


Exercise – 5 D Natural and Whole Numbers ICSE Class-6th Concise Maths Selina Solutions

Question -1.

Show that :
(i) division of whole numbers is not closed
(ii) any whole number divided by 1, always gives the number itself.
(iii) every non-zero whole number divided by itself gives 1 (one).
(iv) zero divided by any non-zero number is zero only.
(v) a whole number divided by 0 is not defined.
For each part, given above, give an example.

Answer-1

 

(i) For example
5 and 8 are whole numbers, but 5 + 8 is not a whole number
Closure property does not exist for division.
(ii) For example
2 + 1 =2, 18 + 1 = 18, 129 + 1 = 129
The above statement is true.
(iii) For example
2 ÷ 2 = 1, 128 ÷ 128 = 1, 256 ÷ 256 = 1
The above statement is true.
(iv) For example
0 ÷ 138 = 0, 0 ÷ 2028 = 0, 0 ÷ 15140 = 0
The above statement is true.
(v) For example
3 ÷ 0 = Not defined or 19 ÷ 0 is not defined
The above statement is true

Question- 2.

If x is a whole number such that x ÷ x = x, state the value of x.

Answer-2

Since, we know that any number divided by 1, always gives the number itself.
x can be any number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, ………… and so on.

 

Question -3.

Fill in the blanks :
(i) 987 + 1 = …………
(ii) 0 + 987 = ……….
(iii) 336 – (888 + 888) = ……….
(iv) (23 + 23) – (437 + 437) = ………

Answer-3

(i) 987 ÷ 1 = 987
(ii) 0 ÷ 987 = 0
(iii) 336 – (888 + 888) = 335
(iv) (23 + 23) – (437 + 437) = 0

 

Question -4.

Which of the following statements are true ?
(i) 12 ÷ (6 × 2) = (12 ÷ 6) × (12 ÷ 2)
(ii) a ÷ (b – c) = \frac { a }{ b } -\frac { a }{ c }
(iii) (a – b) ÷ c = \frac { a }{ c } -\frac { b }{ c }
(vi) (15 – 13) ÷ 8 = (15 ÷ 8) – (13 ÷ 8)
(v) 8 ÷ (15 – 13) = \frac { 8 }{ 15 } -\frac { 8 }{ 13 }

Answer-4

(iii) and (iv) are true

 


Exercise – 5 E Solved Questions of ICSE Class-6 Concise Mathematics

Question -1.

Find the difference between the largest number of four digits and the smallest number of six digits.

Answer-1

 

Largest number of four digits = 9999

Smallest number of six digits = 100000
Difference = Smallest number of six digits – Largest number of four digits

= 100000 – 9999

= 90001

Question- 2.

Find the difference between the smallest number of eight digits and the largest number of five digits.

Answer-2

 

Smallest number of eight digits = 10000000
and, largest number of five digits = 99999
Difference = Smallest number of eight digits – largest number of five digits

= 10000000 – 99999

= 9900001

Question -3.

The product of two numbers is 528. If the product of their unit’s digits is 8 and the product of their ten’s digits is 4 ; find the numbers.

Answer-3

first case

Product of unit’s digit = 8 = 2 x 4
Unit’s digits are 2 and 4

and second case

product of their ten’s digits is 4 = 2 x 2

Ten’s digits are 2 and 2
Thus, the numbers are either 24 and 22
24 x 22 = 528
The required numbers are 528

Question- 4.

Does there exist a number a such that a ÷ a = a?

Answer-4

Yes, A number a is 1
a ÷ a = a
1 ÷ 1 = 1

Question -5.

Divide 5936 by 43 to find the quotient and remainder. Also, check your division by using the formula,
dividend = divisor × quotient + remainder.

Answer-5

On dividing 5936 by Divisor 43 gives quotient 138 and remainder 2.

Divide 5936 by 43 to find the quotient and remainder

Now, to verify,
Divided = divisor x quotient + remainder
5936 =43 x 138 + 2
= 43 x (100 + 38) + 2
= 4300 + 1634 + 2
= 5936
Hence verified.


Exercise – 5 F Natural and Whole Numbers ICSE Class-6th Concise Maths Selina Publishers

Question -1.

(i) 1 × 9 + 1 = 10
12 × 9 + 2 = 110
123 × 9 + 3 = 1110

(ii) 9 × 9 + 7 = 88
98 × 9 + 6 = 888
987 × 9 + 5 = 8888

(iii) 1 × 8 + 1 = 9
12 × 8 + 2 = 98
123 × 8 + 3 = 987

(iv) 111 ÷ 3 = 37
222 ÷ 6 = 37
333 ÷ 9 = 37

Answer-1

(i)

1 x 9 + 1 = 10
12 x 9 + 2 = 110
123 x 9 + 3 = 111O
1234 x 9 + 4 = 11110
12345 x 9 + 5 = 111110
123456 x 9 + 6 = 1111110

(ii)

9 x 9 + 7 = 88
98 x 9 + 6 = 888
987 x 9 + 5 = 8888
9876 x 9 + 4 = 88888
98765 x 9 + 3 = 888888
987654 x 9 + 2 = 8888888

(iii)

1 x 8 + 1 = 9
12 x 8 + 2 = 98
123 x 8 + 3 = 987
1234 x 8 + 4 = 9876
12345 x 8 + = 98765
123456 x 8 + 6 = 987654

(iv)

111 ÷ 3 = 37
222 ÷ 6 = 37
333 ÷ 9 = 37
444 ÷ 12 =37
555 ÷ 15 = 37
666 ÷ 18 =37

Question -2.

Complete each of the following magic squares :
selina-concise-mathematics-class-6-icse-solutions-natural-numbers-and-whole-numbers-F-2

Answer-2

(i)

6 7 2
1 5 9
8 3 4

 

Row Wise Sum

6+7+2=15

1+5+9=15

8+3+4=15

Column Row Wise Sum

6+1+8=15

7+5+3=15

2+9+4=15

Diagonal Row Wise Sum

6+5+4=15

2+5+8=15

(ii)

4 9 8
11 7 3
6 5 10

 

Row Wise Sum :-

4+9+8 = 21

11+7+3 = 21

6+5+10 = 21

Column Row Wise Sum

4+11+6 = 21

9+7+5 = 21

8+3+10 = 21

Diagonal Row Wise Sum

4+7+10 = 21

8+7+6 = 21

(iii)

16 2 12
6 10 14
8 18 4

 

Row Wise Sum :-

16+2+12 = 30

6+10+14 = 30

8+18+4 = 30

Column Row Wise Sum

16+6+8 = 30

2+10+18 = 30

12+14+4 = 30

Diagonal Row Wise Sum

16+10+4 = 30

12+10+8 = 30

Question- 3.

See the following pattern carefully :
selina-concise-mathematics-class-6-icse-solutions-natural-numbers-and-whole-numbers-F-3
(i) If n denotes the number of figure and S denotes the number of matches ; find S in terms of n.
(ii) Find how many matches are required to make the :
(1) 15th figure
(2) 40th figure
(iii) Write a discretion of the pattern in words.

Answer-3

If n denotes the number of figure and S denotes the number of matches ; find S in terms of n.

(ii)

(1) 15th figure has = 3 x 15 + 4 = 49 matches
(2) 40th figure has = 3 x 40 + 4 = 124 matches
(iii) It can easily be observed that each time the figure (n) is increased by 4, the number of matches (S) increased by 3

Question- 4.

(i) In the following pattern, draw the next two figures.
selina-concise-mathematics-class-6-icse-solutions-natural-numbers-and-whole-numbers-F-4
(ii) Construct a table to describe the figures in the above pattern.
(iii) If n denotes the number of figure and L denotes the number of matches, find L in terms of n.
(iv) Find how may matches are required to make the :
(1) 12th figure
(2) 20th figure

Answer-4

In the following pattern, draw the next two figures

(iii) L = 2n
(iii) (1) 12th figure
12th figure has = 2 x 12 = 24
(2) 20th figure = 2 x 20 = 40

Question -5.

In each of the following patterns, construct next figure.
(i) In each case, if n denotes the number of figure and F denotes the number of matchsticks used, find F in terms of n.
(ii) Also find, in each case, how many matches are required to make the : 16th figure and 30th figure.
selina-concise-mathematics-class-6-icse-solutions-natural-numbers-and-whole-numbers-F-5
selina-concise-mathematics-class-6-icse-solutions-natural-numbers-and-whole-numbers-F-5.1

Answer-5

Concise maths class 6 Exe 5 E Image question

Concise maths class 6 Exe 5 E Question-5

— End of Natural and Whole Numbers Solutions :–

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