Nootan Solution Magnetic Classification and Substances ISC Class-12 Physics Nageen Prakashan

Nootan Solution Magnetic Classification and Substances ISC Class-12 Physics Nageen Prakashan Chapter-10 Solved Numericals. Step by step Solutions of Kumar and Mittal ISC Physics Class-12 Nageen Prakashan Numericsls Questions. Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ISC Board Class-12 Physics.

Nootan Solution Magnetic Classification and Substances ISC Class-12 Physics Nageen Prakashan Chapter-10

Class: 12
Subject: Physics
Chapter 10: Magnetic Classification and Substances
Board ISC
Writer /Publications Nootan / Nageen Prakashan/Kumar and Mittal
Topics Solved Numericals of page 461

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Types of Magnetic Materials

To study magnetic properties of magnetic materials, the material is usually placed in a uniform magnetic field and then the magnetic field is varied. There are three major kinds of magnetic behaviour:

Diamagnetic materials

These materials are barely magnetized when placed in a magnetic field. Magnetic dipoles in these substances tend to align in opposition to the applied field. In effect, they produce an internal magnetic field that opposes the applied field and the substance tends to repel the external field around it.

This opposing field disappears as soon as the external field is removed.

Ex: Gold, water, mercury and even animals!

Paramagnetic materials

In these materials the magnetic dipoles in the Magnetic Materials tend to align along the applied magnetic field and thus reinforcing the applied magnetic field. Such substances are attracted by a magnet if it applies a sufficiently strong field. It must be noted that such materials are still feeble magnetized and the magnetization disappears as soon as the external field is removed. The magnetization (M) of such materials was discovered by Madam Curie and is dependent on the external magnetic field (B) and temperature T

Ferromagnetic materials

We are most familiar with these materials as they exhibit the strongest magnetic behaviour. Magnetic dipoles in these materials are arranged into domains where the arrangements of individual magnetic dipoles are essentially perfect that can produce strong magnetic fields. Normally, these domains are usually randomly arranged and thus the magnetic field of each domain is cancelled by another and the entire material does not show any magnetic behaviour.

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However when an external field is applied, the domains reorient themselves to reinforce the external field and produce a strong internal magnetic field that is along the external field. Upon, removal of the external field, most of the domains stay put and continues to be aligned in the direction of the (erstwhile) magnetic field.

List of Magnetic Materials

Diamagnetic 
Paramagnetic 
Ferromagnetic
Gold 
Liquid Oxygen
Iron
Water
Sodium 
Cobalt
Mercury
Platinum
Neodymium
Salts of Iron and Nickel
Nickel

Nootan Solution Magnetic Classification and Substances ISC Class-12 Physics Nageen Prakashan Chapter-10 Solved Numericals

Page-Number :- 461

—: End of Nootan Solutions Magnetic Classification and Substances  Numericals :–

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