Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1. We provide step by step Solutions of Exercise / lesson-1 Rational Numbers for ICSE Class-8 Concise Selina Mathematics. Our Solutions contain all type Questions with Exe-1 A, Exe-1 B, Exe-1 C , Exe-1 D and Exe-1 E to develop skill and confidence. Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-8.

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1


–: Select Topics :–

EXE-1 A,

EXE-1 B,

EXE-1 C,

EXE-1 D,

EXE-1 E,


Exercise – 1 A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th

Question -1.

Add, each pair of rational numbers, given below, and show that their addition (sum) is also a rational number:

(i) 5/8 and 3/8

(ii) 8/13 and 4/13

(iii) 6/11 and 9/11

(iv) 5/26 and 8/39

(v) 5/6 and 2/3

(vi) 2 and 2/5

(vii) 9/4 and 3/8

(viii) 7/18 and 8/27

Answer-1
(i) 5/8 and 3/8

= -58 + 38

(Denominators are same, LCM = 8)

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 1 a

Which is rational number

(LCM of 13 and 13 = 13)

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 1 b

Which is rational number

Which is a rational number

Question-2

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Q-2

Answer-2

(i) 59 + -76

2 9, 6
3 9, 3
3 3, 1
1, 1

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Ans-2.1

(ii) 4 + 3-5

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Ans-2.2

(iii)

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 2 c

2 15, 12
2 15, 6
3 15, 3
5 5, 1
1, 1

LCM of 15 and 12 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 = 60

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Ans-2.3

(iv) Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 2 d

2 9, 4
2 9, 2
3 9, 1
3 3, 1
1,1

(LCM of 9 and 4 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 = 36)

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Ans-2.4

(LCM of 9 and 4 = 36)

= -736

(v)   -89 -512

2 9, 12
2 9, 6
3 9, 3
3 3, 1
1, 1

LCM of 9, 12 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 = 36

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Ans-2.5

(vi) 0 + -27

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Ans-2.6

 ( LCM of 1 and 7 = 7 )

(vii)   5-11 +0

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Ans-2.7

(LCM of 1 and 11 = 11)

-5 + 011

= -511

(viii) 2 + -35

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Ans-2.8

(ix) 4-9 + 1 

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Exe-1 A Ans-2.9

Question -3.

Evaluate:
(i) 37  + -4+ -117 + 7

(ii) 23 + -45+ 13+ 25

(iii) 47 +0 +-89 + -13/7 + 179

(iv) 38 + -512 + 37 + 312 + -58 + -27

Answer-3

(i) 3 -49  -117

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 3.1 a

3 7, 3
7 7,1
1,1

LCM of 3 and 2 = 3 x 7 = 21

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 3.1 b

(ii) 2-451325

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 3.2 a

3 3, 5
5 1, 5
1, 1

LCM of 3 and 5 = 3 x 5 = 15

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 3.2 b

(iii) 4++-8+ -13/179

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 3.3

(iv) 3-512 3312 -58 -27

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 3.4 a

2 4, 6, 7
2 2, 3, 7
3 1, 3, 7
7 1, 1, 7
1, 1, 1

(LCM of 4, 6 and 7 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 7 = 84)

Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions Chapter-1 ans 3.4 b

Question -4.

For each pair of rational numbers, verify commutative property of addition of rational numbers:

(i) -87 and 514

(ii) 59 and 5-12

(iii) –45 and -13-15

(iv) 2-5 and 11-15

(v) 3 and -27

(vi) 2 and 3-5

Answer :-4

(i) -87 and 514

LCM of  7, 14 is 14

2 7, 14
7 7, 7
1, 1

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-4.1

This verifies that commutative property for the addition of rational numbers.

(ii) 59 and 5-12

LCM of  9, 12 is 36

2 9, 12
2 9, 6
3 9, 3
3 3, 1
1, 1

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-4.2

This verifies that commutative property for the addition of rational numbers.

(iii) –45 and -13-15

LCM of  5, 15 is 15

5 5, 15
3 1, 3
1, 1

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-4.3

This verifies that commutative property for the addition of rational numbers.

(iv) 2-5 and 11-15 

To prove: 2-5+11-15 =11-15 +2-5

LHS 2-5+11-15

Taking LCM
3 5,15
5 5,5
1,1
∴LCM of 5 and 15=15

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-4.4

Hence, the commutative property for the addition of rational numbers is verified.

(v) 3 and -27

To prove   31-27    =   ..-27..+.. 31 .

LCM of 1 and 7=7)

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-4.5

 RHS = LHS

Hence, the commutative property for the addition of rational numbers is verified.

(vi) 2 and 3-5

To prove: -21+ 3-5= 3-5+21

∵(LCM of 1 and 5=5)

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-4.6

Hence, the commutative property for the addition of rational numbers is verified

Question -5.

For each set of rational numbers, given below, verify the associative property of addition of rational numbers:

(i)  12and -1

(ii) -25 415 and -710

(iii) -79 2and -518 

(iv) -1 56 and -2

Answer-5

(i)  12 , 23 and -1

To prove:

… 1+ (2+ -16.)..= (.1+ 23 )+ -1….

LHS 

1+ (2-16.)..

Taking LCM
2 3,6
3 3,3
1,1
∴LCM of 3 and 6=6

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-5.1

RHS = (.123 )-1 Taking LCM
2 2,3
3 1,3
1,1
∴ LCM of 2 and 3=6

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-5.1.1

Hence, the associative property for the addition of rational numbers is verified.

(ii) -2415 and -710

2 15 ,10
3 15 ,5
5 5 ,5
1 ,1

∴ LCM of 5, 15, 10 =2 x 3 x 5 = 30

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-5.2

3 5, 15
5 5 ,5
1, 1

∴ LCM  of 5 and 15 = 3 x 5 = 15

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-5.2.2

This verifies associative property of the addition of rational numbers.

(iii) -72and -518 

2 3, 18
3 3, 9
5 3, 3
1, 1

∴ LCM of 3 and 18 = 2 x 3 x 3 = 18

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-5.3

3 3, 9
3 3, 3
1, 1

∴ LCM of 3 and 9 = 3

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-5.3.3

This verifies associative property of the addition of rational numbers.

(iv) -1 5and -2

Show that :

This verifies associative  property  of the addition of rational numbers

….-1 + (5+ -23 )..=….(-1 + 56 )+  -2….

2 6, 3
3 3, 3
1, 1

LCM of 6 and 3 = 6

Exe-1-A Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Ans-5.4
Hence LHS= RHS
Question- 6.

Write the additive inverse (negative) of:

(i)  -38

(ii) 4-9 

(iii) -7

(iv) -4-13 

(v)  0

(vi)-2 

(vii) 1

(viii) -13 

(ix) -31

Answer-6

we know that sum of number and its additive inverse=0

(i)  -3

The additive inverse of ….-3..= …38 …………

(ii) 4-9 

The additive inverse of …-49 ..= …49  …………

(iii) -7

The additive inverse of -7=7

(iv) -4-13 

The additive inverse of -4-13 , =4-13 ,

(v)  0

 The additive inverse of 0=0

(vi)-2 

The additive inverse of -2=2

(vii) 1

The additive inverse of 1=-1

(viii) -13 

The additive inverse of -13  , =13  ,

(ix) -31

The additive inverse of -31=3

Question- 7.

Fill in the blanks:

i) Additive inverse of -5-12=__________.

(ii)  -5-12+ its additive inverse =__________.

(iii) If  ab is additive inverse of  -cd then -cd is additive inverse of __________.

Answer-7

i) Additive inverse of -5-12=___-512_______.

(ii)  -5-12+ its additive inverse =__0________.

(iii) If  ais additive inverse of  -cthen -cis additive inverse of _ab_

Question -8.

State, true or false:

(i) 79= 7+59+5

(ii) 797-59-5

(iii) 797×59×5

(iv797/59/5

(v) -5-12 is a negative rational number

(vi) -1325 smaller than -25-13

Answer-8

(i) 797+59+5

False

(ii) 797-59-5

False

(iii) 797×59×5

True

(iv797/59/5

True

(v) -5-12 is a negative rational number

False

(vi) -1325 smaller than -25-13

False


Exercise- 1 B Selina Concise Solutions Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th

Question- 1.

Evaluate:

(i) 2/34/5

(ii) 4/923

(iii) 149

(iv) 27314

(v) 51829

(vi) 5211342

Answer-1

Question -2.

Subtract:

Answer-2

Question- 3.

The sum of two rational numbers is 9/20. If one of them is 2/5, find the other.
Answer-3

Question -4.

The sum of the two rational numbers is -2/3. If one of them is -8/5, find the other.
Answer-4

Question- 5.

The sum of the two rational numbers is -6. If one of them is -8/5, find the other.
Answer-5

Question -6.

Which rational number should be added to -7/8 to get -5/9 ?
Answer-6

Question -7.

Which rational number should be added to -5/9 to get -2/3 ?
Answer-7

Question- 8.

Which rational number should be subtracted from -5/6 to get 4/9 ?
Answer-8

Question -9.

(i) What should be subtracted from -2 to get 3/8
(ii) What should be added to -2 to get 3/8
Answer-9

Question- 10.

Evaluate:

Answer-10


 Exercise – 1 C Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Solutions

Question -1.

Evaluate:

Answer-1

Question- 2.

Multiply:

Answer-2

Question -3.

Evaluate:

Answer-3

Question -4.

Multiply each rational number, given below, by one (1):

Answer-4

 

Question- 5.

For each pair of rational numbers, given below, verify that the multiplication is commutative:

Answer-5

 

Question -6.

Write the reciprocal (multiplicative inverse) of each rational number, given below :

Answer-6

 

Question -7.

Find the reciprocal (multiplicative inverse) of:

Answer-7

Question- 8.

 

Answer-8

Question -9.

Answer-9

Question- 10.

Name the multiplication property of rational numbers shown below :

Answer-10

Question -11.

Fill in the blanks:
(i) The product of two positive rational numbers is always ……………
(ii) The product of two negative rational numbers is always ……………
(iii) If two rational numbers have opposite signs then their product is always …………..
(iv) The reciprocal of a positive rational number is ………. and the reciprocal of a negative rational number is ……………
(v) Rational number 0 has ………….. reciprocal.
(vi) The product of a rational number and its reciprocal is ………..
(vii) The numbers ……….. and ……….. are their own reciprocals.
(viii) If m is reciprocal of n, then the reciprocal of n is ………….
Answer-11


Exercise – 1 D Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th

Question- 1.

Evaluate:

Answer-1

Question- 2.

Divide:

Answer-2

Question -3.

The product of two rational numbers is -2. If one of them is \frac { 4 }{ 7 }, find the other.
Answer-3

Question -4.

The product of two numbers is \frac { -4 }{ 9 }. If one of them is \frac { -2 }{ 27 }, find the other.
Answer-4

Question -5.

m and n are two rational numbers such that

Answer-5

Question -6.

By what number must \frac { -3 }{ 4 } be multiplied so that the product is \frac { -9 }{ 16 } ?
Answer-6

Question -7.

By what number should \frac { -8 }{ 13 } be multiplied to get 16?
Answer-7

Question 8.

If 3  1/2 litres of milk costs ₹49, find the cost of one litre of milk?
Answer-8

Question -9.

Cost of 3\frac { 2 }{ 5 } metre of cloth is ₹88\frac { 1 }{ 2 }. What is the cost of 1 metre of cloth?
Answer-9

Question -10.

Divide the sum of \frac { 3 }{ 7 } and \frac { -5 }{ 14 } by \frac { -1 }{ 2 }.
Answer-11

Question 11.

Answer

Question 12.

The product of two rational numbers is -5. If one of these numbers is \frac { -7 }{ 15 }, find the other.
Answer

Question 13.
Divide the sum of \frac{5}{8} and \frac{-11}{12} by the difference of \frac{3}{7} and \frac{5}{14}
Answer-13


Rational Numbers Exercise 1 E – Selina Concise Mathematics Class 8 ICSE Solutions

Question- 1.

Answer-1

Question -2.

Answer-2

Question -3.

Insert one rational number between (0 7 and 8 (ii) 3.5 and 5
(i) 2 and 3.2
(ii) 3.5 and 5
(iii) 2 and 3.2
(iv) 4.2 and 3.6
(v) \frac { 1 }{ 2 } and 2
Answer-3

Question- 4.

Insert two rational numbers between
(i) 6 and 7
(ii) 4.8 and 6
(iii) 2.7 and 6.3
Answer-4

Question -5.

Insert three rational numbers between
(i) 3 and 4
(ii) 10 and 12
Answer-5

Question -6.

Insert five rational numbers between \frac { 3 }{ 5 } and \frac { 2 }{ 5 }
Answer-6

Question -7.

Insert six rational numbers between \frac { 5 }{ 6 } and \frac { 8 }{ 9 }
Answer-7

Question -8.

Insert seven rational numbers between 2 and 3.
Answer-8

 

— End of Rational Numbers ICSE Class-8th Solutions :–

Return to – Concise Selina Maths Solutions for ICSE Class -8

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