Srijan Class-9 Respiration System ICSE Biology Solutions Ch-14

Srijan Class-9 Respiration System ICSE Biology Solutions Ch-14. We Provide Solutions of Concept Check 1 to 2, Very Short Ans, Short Ans, Long Ans, Multiple Choice Type  Application / Skill ( Figure Based ) Questions by expert teachers as per ICSE board guidelines. Visit official Website CISCE  for detail information about ICSE Board Class-9.

Srijan Class-9 respiratory system

Solutions of Srijan Class-9 Respiration System ICSE Biology Ch-14

Board ICSE
Publications Srijan Publication
Subject Biology
Class 9th
writer Veer Bala Rastogi
Chapter-14 Respiration System
Topics Solutions of Concept Check 1 to 2, Very Short Ans, Short Ans, Long Ans, MCQ, Application Skill Based Questions
Edition 2021-2022

Concept Check 1 (Page 152)

(Ch-14 Respiration System Srijan ICSE Biology Solutions Class-9)

Answer the following questions briefly:

Q-1. How much energy is released in complete oxidation of one mole of glucose ?

Answer:- When 1 mol (180 g) of glucose reacts with oxygen under standard conditions, 686 kcal of energy is released. 38 ATP are synthesized in aerobic respiration

Q-2. Name the end product of anaerobic respiration of glucose n the muscle cells.

Answer:–Since Lactic acid is the end product of anaerobic respiration.

Q-3. Why do we feel fatigue after a strenuous exercise or after a long walk?

Answer:–It’s common to get tired after a long or tough workout. In general, this occurs because your muscles run out of energy. Your central nervous system also loses its ability to keep moving your muscles. This causes muscle fatigue, making you feel tired

Q-4. In which form is the energy released in respiration?

Answer:–During cellular respiration, glucose is broken down in the presence of oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. The energy released during the reaction is captured by the energy-carrying molecule ATP (adenosine triphosphate).


Concept Check 2 (Page 160)

(Ch-14 Respiration System Srijan ICSE Class-9 Biology Solutions )

Answer the following questions briefly:

Q-1. What is the functional unit of lungs?

Answer:–The alveoli are the functional units of the lungs and they form the site of gaseous exchange.

Q- 2. Why is respiratory passage lined with ciliated epithelium?

Answer:–The conducting passageways of the respiratory system (nasal cavity, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles) are lined by pseudostratified columnar epithelial tissue, which is ciliated and which includes mucus-secreting goblet cells. .This epithelium is exceedingly thin to facilitate diffusion of oxygen and CO

Q-3. In which part of respiratory system is the air made moist and free of bacteria and dust.

Answer:–Cells in your trachea and bronchial tubes make mucus that keeps air passages moist and helps keep things like dust, bacteria and viruses, and allergy-causing things out of your lungs. Mucus can bring up things that reach deeper into your lungs. You then cough out or swallow them

Q-4. What is the opening of windpipe into pharynx called?

Answer:–The larynx, commonly called the voice box or glottis, is the passageway for air between the pharynx above and the trachea below.

Q–5. What prevents food from entering trachea?

Answer:–The epiglottis a small flap of tissue, covers the air-only passage when we swallow, keeping food and liquid from going into the lungs. At its bottom end, the trachea divides into left and right air tubes called bronchi (BRAHN-kye), which connect to the lungs.

Q-6. Which muscles help in increasing the volume of thoracic cavity?

Answer:–The thoracic wall is made up of five muscles: the external intercostal muscles, internal intercostal muscles, innermost intercostal muscles, subcostalis, and transversus thoracis. These muscles are primarily responsible for changing the volume of the thoracic cavity during respiration

Q-7. Where does exchange of gases occur in the lungs?

Answer:–Gas exchange takes place in the millions of alveoli in the lungs and the capillaries that envelop them. As shown below, inhaled oxygen moves from the alveoli to the blood in the capillaries, and carbon dioxide moves from the blood in the capillaries to the air in the alveoli.

Q-8. What is the term applied for ventilation of lungs?

Answer:–The relaxation and contraction of the diaphragm and the movement of the costal muscles present in the thorax of an individual are responsible for the ventilation movements of the lungs that facilitate respiration.

Q-9. Which one is more: vital capacity or tidal volume?

Answer:-vital capacity

Hint:-Vital capacity is the maximum amount of air, which can be breathed out through forceful expiration after a forceful inspiration. It is sum total of tidal volume (TV), Inspiratory reserve volume (IRV) and expiratory reserve volume (ERV) or total lung capacity minus residual volume. The value is 4.1 to 4.6 litres.

Q-10. What do you mean by cellular respiration?

Answer:–The process of breakdown of food in the cell with the release of energy is called cellular respiration. Cellular respiration takes place in the cells of all organisms


A. VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE, (Page 161)

(Ch-14 Respiration System Srijan ICSE Class-9 Biology Solutions )

1. Fill in the blanks with suitable words:

(a) Carbon dioxide produced during respiration is removed by ………….

(b) Lungs contain large number of sac-like structures called …………….

(c) Muscles attached to the ribs are called ……………

(d) The inspired air contains ……………. Per cent Oxygen.

(e) Breathing movements are controlled by ………………..

Answer:

(a) Diffusion

(b) Alveoli

(c) Intercostal muscles

(d) 20.71

(e) Medulla oblangata

2. Give one or two words for the following :

(a) Muscles present in the diaphragm.

(b) The number of alveoli in both human lungs.

(c) The units of respiration.

(d) The membranes covering the lungs

(e) The membrane that lines the nasal passages and contains olfactory receptors.

(f) Number of cartilages in the larynx or voice box.

(g) The volume of air that remains in the lungs even after forcible expiration

Answer:

(a) Radial Muscles

(b) 750 million

(c) Alveoli

(d) Pleura

(e) Ciliated mucous membrane

(f)  cartilage

(g) 1000-1100 ml.

3. State whether the following statements are true or false.

(a) Pressure of air in the lungs decreases during expiration.

(b) Energy production in living beings is a step-wise process.

(c) Nasal passages are separated from buccal cavity by a bony palate.

(d) Voice box is the anterior dilated part of trachea.

(e) Tidal volume is the volume of air inhaled or exhaled during normal breathing.

(f) Hypoxia is the reduction in the availability of oxygen to the tissue cells due to retention of CO2.

Answer:

(a) False

(b) True

(c) True

(d) True

(e) True

(f) True


B. Short Answer Type Questions (Page 162)

(Ch-14 Respiration System Srijan ICSE Class-9 Biology Solutions )

Q-1. Answer the following questions briefly:

(a) Why are hair present in the nostrils?

Ans- Nose hair is a natural part of the human body that serves as a defense system. Nasal hair keeps harmful debris out of the body system and maintains moisture in the air we breathe. Blood vessels in the nose and face are extra dense. In the nose, they support hair growth

(b) Which part of respiratory tube is supported with cartilaginous rings and why?

Ans-The cartilage rings are present in the trachea to prevent it from collapsing. This enables the lumen of the trachea to stay open during breathing

(c) In what ways is cellular respiration different from combustion?

Ans- Difference Between Respiration and Combustion

Respiration Combustion
It takes place in a controlled manner inside the cells. It is an uncontrollable process.
Heat is produced in cellular respiration. For example, the rate of respiration increases when we exercise and we feel warmer. It produces energy as waste and heat.

(d) How will you keep your lungs healthy?

Ans- Besides avoiding cigarettes, getting regular exercise is probably the most important thing you can do for the health of your lungs. Just as exercise keeps your body in shape, it keeps your lungs in shape too. When you exercise, your heart beats faster and your lungs work harder

(e) How are gases exchanged during external respiration and internal respiration?

Ans-External respiration is the exchange of gases with the external environment and occurs in the alveoli of the lungs. Internal respiration is the exchange of gases with the internal environment and occurs in the tissues. The exchange of gases occurs due to simple diffusion

(f) Why do trachea and bronchi not collapse when air is pushed out during expiration?

Ans-The trachea does not collapse even if the air pressure is less inside it. Because it has a series of cartilaginous rings which form a relatively rigid arrangement. The C – shaped cartilage rings are present till the trachea bifurcates into the bronchi. … This prevents it from collapsing due to pressure changes

(g) Discuss the role of epiglottis.

Ans-The epiglottis is a leaf-shaped flap in the throat that prevents food and water from entering the windpipe and the lungs. It stays open during breathing, allowing air into the larynx. … The epiglottis is also an important landmark for intubation.


Q-2. Match the columns.

Column A Column B
(a) Voluntary or skeletal muscles (i) Anaerobic respiration
(b) Trachea (ii) Lactic acid
(c) Ethyl alcohol (iii) Transports CO2
(d) Carbonic acid (iv) C-shaped
(e) Epiglottis (v) Valve on entry point of larynx

Answer:

Column A Column B
(a) Voluntary or skeletal muscles (v) Valve on entry point of larynx
(b) Trachea (iv) C-shaped
(c) Ethyl alcohol (i) Anaerobic respiration
(d) Carbonic acid (ii) Lactic acid
(e) Epiglottis (iii) Transports CO2

 

Q-3. Differentiate between the following:

(a) Trachea and bronchiole

Ans- The main difference between trachea and bronchi is that the trachea is the airway that connects the larynx to the bronchi whereas the bronchi are the two branching airways that lead to the lungs. … Trachea and bronchi are the two type of airways that lead to the lungs

(b) Respiratory bronchiole and alveoli

Ans-our bronchioles are some of the smallest airways in your lungs. Inhaled air passes through tiny ducts from the bronchioles into elastic air sacs (alveoli). The alveoli are surrounded by the alveolar-capillary membrane, which normally prevents liquid in the capillaries from entering the air sacs.

(c) Inhaled and exhaled air

Ans-

Gas exchange takes place by diffusion in the alveoli within the lungs. As a result the composition of inhaled and exhaled air is different.

Gas % in inhaled air % in exhaled air
Oxygen 21 16
Carbon dioxide 0.04 4
Nitrogen 79 79

(d) Final products of aerobic and anaerobic respiration

Ans- Aerobic respiration takes place in presence of oxygen; whereas anaerobic respiration takes place in absence of oxygen. Carbon dioxide and water are the end products of aerobic respiration, while alcohol is the end product of anaerobic respiration

(e) External and internal respiration

Ans- The main difference between internal respiration and external respiration is that internal respiration refers to the gas exchange across the respiratory membrane in the metabolizing tissues whereas external respiration refers to the gas exchange across the respiratory membrane of lungs

(f) Anaerobic respiration in plants and animals

Ans:-The key difference between anaerobic respiration in plants and animals is that the end products in the anaerobic respiration of plants are ethanol and carbon dioxide, while the end product in the anaerobic respiration of animals is lactic acid


C. Long Answer Type Questions (Page 162)

(Ch-14 Respiration System Srijan ICSE Class-9 Biology Solutions )

Q-1. How is inspiration and expiration of air brought about in man?

Ans:-Contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm and intercostals muscles (found between the ribs) cause most of the pressure changes that result in inspiration and expiration. These muscle movements and subsequent pressure changes cause air to either rush in or be forced out of the lungs

Q-2. Answer the following questions about exhaled air with the help of given table:

………….

Ans-

Name of the gas % composition of air
Inhaled      Exhaled
1. Oxygen 20.95        16.00
2. Carbon dioxide 0.04          4.00
3. Water vapour 1.25          3.99
4. Nitrogen 78.00        78.00

(a) Why has the oxygen content decreased in exhaled  air?

Ans- When the air reaches the lungs, some of this oxygen is transferred from the lungs to the blood, and is then transported throughout the body to be used for energy.  The result is that the exhaled air contains less oxygen and more carbon dioxide than the inhaled air

(b) Where has the extra carbon dioxide been produced?

Ans-There are both natural and human sources of carbon dioxide emissions. Natural sources include decomposition, ocean release and respiration. Human sources come from activities like cement production, deforestation as well as the burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas.

(c) From where has the increased amount of water vapour come?

Ans-In addition, the blood contains some carbon dioxide (a waste product) that is transferred to the air in the lungs, which is then exhaled. The result is that the exhaled air contains less oxygen and more carbon dioxide than the inhaled air. The air in the lungs also becomes humidified with water before it is exhaled.

(d) Why is there no change in the percentage of nitrogen?

Ans:-Nitrogen has no role in our respiration. So there is no change in the percentage of nitrogen


D. Multiple Choice Questions (Page 162)

(Ch-14 Respiration System Srijan ICSE Class-9 Biology Solutions )

Choose the correct answer:

Q-1. During respiration exchange of gases takes place in

(a) Trachea and larynx

(b) Alveoli of lungs

(c) Alveoli and throat

(d) Throat and larynx

Answer: (b) Alveoli of lungs

Q-2. The blood leaving the tissues becomes richer in

(a) Carbon dioxide

(b) Water

(c) Hemoglobin

(d) Oxygen

Answer: (a) Carbon dioxide

Q-3. Lack of oxygen in muscles often leads to cramps among cricketers. This results due to

(a) Conversion of pyruvic acid to ethanol

(b) Conversion of pyruvic acid to glucose

(c) Non-conversion of glucose to pyruvic acid

(d) Conversion of pyruvic acid to lactic acid

Answer:  (d) Conversion of pyruvic acid to lactic acid


E Application /Skill-based Questions (Page 162)

(Ch-14 Respiration System Srijan ICSE Class-9 Biology Solutions )

The figure given below represents the organs of the human respiratory system.

The figure given below represents the organs of the human respiratory system.

(a) Label the structure indicated by number 1 to 8.

(b) Give functions of organs represented by numbers 1, 5, 7 and 8.

Answer:

(a)

1. Larynx

2. Trachea

3. Ribs

4. Bronchus

5. Lungs

6. Bronchiole

7. Heart

8. Diaphragm

(b)

1. Larynx: The larynx also produces vocal sounds and prevents the passage of food and other foreign particles into the lower respiratory tracts.

5. Lungs: The lungs’ main role is to bring in air from the atmosphere and pass oxygen into the bloodstream.

7. Heart: It pumps blood throughout your body, controls your heart rate and maintains blood pressure.

8. Diaphragm: The diaphragm, located below the lungs, is the major muscle of respiration

–: End of Srijan Class-9 Respiration System ICSE Biology Solutions Ch-14:–

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