ISC History 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

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ISC History 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved


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 Part-I

Sections-A of Part-II

Section-B of Part-II


Maximum Marks: 80
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 (Compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II, choosing two questions from Section A, two
  • questions from Section B and one question from either Section A or Section B.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part-I (20 Marks)
Answer all questions

ISC History 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

 

Question 1. [20 x 1]
(i) What is the significance of 8th August, 1942, in the history of India’s struggle for freedom ?
(ii) Why did Subhash Chandra Bose resign from the post of Congress President at the Tripuri Session in 1939 ?

(iii) Name the activist who undertook an epic fast unto death for a separate Andhra State.
(iv) Who succeeded Lai Bahadur Shastri as the Prime Minister of India, in 1966 ?
(v) Name two important leaders of the Naxalite Movement in Bengal.
(vi) What was the fundamental difference between the demands of the Khalistan Movement and that of the Assam Movement ?
(vii) In the context of the Non-Aligned Movement, what was India’s stance during the Korean War ?

(viii) What was the primary objective of the ‘Sampoorna Kranti Movement’ (Total Revolution) led by Jayprakash Narayan ?
(ix) Why did Dalai Lama seek asylum in India ?
(x) Name any one organisation that campaigned against the evils of the dowry system in the 1970s.
(xi) Define the term appeasement in the context of the causes of the Second World War.

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(xii) What was the objective of Operation Overlord launched by the Allied Powers on 6th June, 1944 ?
(xiii) In the context of Mao Tse Tung’s agricultural policy, what is meant by the term Communes ?
(xiv) What is the most important reason for the downfall of Kwame Nkrumah ?
(xv) Mention one example to show that the thaw in the Cold War was partial.
(xvi) Name the first Chancellor of United Germany (1990) since the Second World War.
(xvii) Mention any one important international organisation that condemned Apartheid.
(xviii) What is the full form of :
(a) NOW
(b) ERA
(xix) Name the signatories of the Sykes-Picot Agreement.
(xx) By which treaty (1993) did Israel and the PLO formally and mutually recognize each other ?

Answer-1 :

(i) On 8th August, 1942, All India Congress Committee passed the Quit India Resolution. Mahatma Gandhi then launched the Quit India Movement in Bombay for freedom from British rule and persisted despite arrests and intense repression. Leaders, women and students from all sections of society participated in the movement. This compelled the British officials to start a dialogue with the Indian parties for a possible transfer of power.

(ii) Subhash Chandra Bose won the elections for the President of Indian National Congress (INC) at the Tripuri Session in 1939 by defeating Gandhiji’s candidate Pattabhai Sitara-maiyya. Following this, Gandhiji and other members in his support made it impossible for Subhash Chandra Bose to work efficiently in the committee. Problems began in the formation of the Working Committee. Subhash Chandra Bose had to ultimately resign from the post of Congress President. He thus formed Forward Bloc in May, 1939.

(iii) Potti Sreeramulu undertook an epic fast unto death for a separate Andhra State out of Northern Portion of Madras State.

(iv) Gulzarilal Nanda succeeded Lai Bahadur Shastri as the Acting Prime Minister of India in 1966. His term was however very short and he was succeeded by Indira Gandhi who became the Prime Minister later in the same year.

(v) Two important leaders of the Naxalite Movement in Bengal were Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal.

(vi) The Khalistan Movement wanted to create a separate Sikh country while the Assam Movement was a popular movement against undocumented immigrants in Assam.

(vii) During the Korean War (1950), India backed the US by endorsing the United Nations resolution that condemned North Korea’s attack on South Korea. Jawaharlal Nehru, who coined the term Non-Alignment, believed that Indian freedom struggle was a part of the world wide struggle for freedom and progress

(viii) Total Revolution movement (Sampoorna Kranti movement) initiated by students in Bihar in 1974 and led by veteran Gandhian socialist, Jayprakash Narayan, was against the misrule and corruption being practised in the Bihar Legislative Assembly.

(ix) China, under the leadership of Mao-Tse Tung was determined to assert her right of suzerainty over Tibet. China overran and occupied Tibet in 1959. The religious leader Dalai Lama and thousands of Tibetan refugees sought asylum in India which was granted to them by Nehruvian government.

(x) An organisation that campaigned against the evils of the dowry system in the 1970s was the Progressive Organization of Women of Hyderabad.

(xi) Appeasement is a “diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an enemy power to avoid war”. The Anglo- French appeasement policy was largely repsonsible for the outbreak of the Second World War. Anglo-French failed to intervene during Japan’s attack on China, Italy’s aggression on Abyssinia and Germany’s occupation of Prague. The appeasement policy encouraged Hitler again and again, and jeopardized the balance of power in Europe, which led to the Second World War.

(xii) Operation Overlord or D-Day was launched on 6th June, 1944, when 3 million allied troops from US, Britain and Canada landed on five beacheads of Normandy Beach. The German forces offered strong resistance. The main objective was to liberate northern France from Germany and Brussels and Antwerp in Belgium from the Axis forces.

(xiii) Mao Tse Tung introduced the ‘Communes’ where people ran their own collective farms and performed the function of the local government under an elected Council. In the Commune, each family received a share of profits from the sale of produced.

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(xiv) The most important reason for the downfall of Kwame Nkrumah was probably because he began to abandon parliamentary government in favour of a one-party state and personal dictatorship.

(xv) The thaw in the Cold War was partial. This could easily be observed from the policy of Khrushchev. Sometimes, he followed concilatory policy and sometimes a policy that seemed to threaten the Western Bloc. He did not show any interest in reducing Russian control over the satellite states. When the Hungarians revolted in Budapest against the Communist government, the movement was crushed by Russian tanks.

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