ISC Political Science 2013 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

ISC Political Science 2013 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and 2 (Section-A and B). By the practice of Political Science 2013 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

Try Also other year except ISC Political Science 2013 Class-12 Solved Question Paper of Previous  Year for more practice. Because only ISC Political Science 2013 Class-12 is not enough for complete preparation of next council exam. Visit official website CISCE for detail information about ISC Class-12 Political Science.

ISC Political Science 2013 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved


-: Select Your Topics :-

Part-1

Sections-A of Part-2

Section-B of Part-2


Maximum Marks: 80
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 (Compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II, choosing two questions from Section A, two questions from Section B and one question from either Section A or Section B.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part-I (20 Marks)

Answer all questions

ISC Political Science 2013 Class-12 

Question 1.
Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (xv): [15 x 2]
(i) Explain in brief the classification of states as suggested by Pindar and Thucydides.
(ii) Mention the difference between a totalitarian state and an authoritarian state.
(iii) How is liberal democracy a representative government ?
(iv) Mention four essential features of a federation.
(v) Why is it necessary to have a written constitution in modern times ?
(vi) Define the theory of Separation of Powers.
(vii) Why is bi-party system considered best for parliamentary form of government ?
(viii) State two duties of an elected representative.
(ix) Explain the meaning of Positive Dimension of Sovereignty of British Parliament.
(x) Mention any two privileges of the members of House of Lords.
(xi) What is the role of civil servants in law-making
(xii) State the judicial powers of the President of India.
(xiii) What is Equity Legislation ?
(xix) Explain the meaning of Rule of Law.
(xv) Mention the different steps taken by the constitution of India to combat untouchability.
Answer 1:
(ii) Totalitarianism is the type of government or state that work to hold all power and authority to control each and every aspect of life, e.g., economial, political, social, etc. Its purpose is to grant all power and authority to a single person, the dictator. So that no other individual can question his authority. For the totalitarian state, the one in power has a Christine the people. Examples of individuals who have ruled using totalitarianism are Benito Mussolini in Italy, Adolf Hitler in Germany.

Authoritarian State, on the other hand, have social and economic institutions that are not under the government’s control. Authoritarians are more focused on the status quo and are driven by control. They impose their rule through fear. Examples of famous authoritarians are Saddam Hussein of Iraq, Ferdinand Marcos of Philippines.

(iii) In a liberal democracy, government is the representative of the people. It is elected by the people without any discrimination, except a minimum age qualification criterion. People can change the government through elections. Government represents the people and has to continuously prove its representativeness. So, in a liberal democracy, government is called a representative government.

(iv)

(a) There are two or more levels of govemment.
(b) Although the different tiers of government govern the same citizens, but each tier has its own areas of jurisdiction in relation to matters of legislation, taxation and administration.
(c) The area of jurisdiction of the each tires of government is clearly specified in the constitution.
(d) The fundamental provisions of the constitution cannot be unilaterally changed by one tier of government. Such changes require the consent tires of government.

(v) Written constitution means a constitution written in the form of a book or a series of documents combined in the form of a book. A written constitution is an enacted constitution. It provides a definite design to government institutions, their organizations.

powers, functions and inter-relationships. It embodies the constitutional law of the state. The government is bound by its provisions and has to work strictly with accuracy towards its provisions.

(vii) Bi-party system is considered best for parliamentary form of government because :

  • Bi-party system is the essence of a successful parliamentary democracy. It ensures a strong and stable government.
  • Bi-party system offers a clear programme of the two parties before the voters who know certainly for which policies they are voting.

(viii) Two duties of an elected representative are as follows:

  • They act as a communication link between the people of his constituency and the government.
  • They work for ensuring the fulfillment of promises made by their party in the Election Manifesto during elections.

(xi) Civil servants play an important but indirect role in law making. They draft the bills which the ministers submit to the legislature for law making. The ministers provide all the information asked for by the legislature and the legislative committees by taking the help of the civil servants.

(xii) Judicial Powers of the President of India are:

  • The President has the powers to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted for an offence. This is particularly in all cases involving punishment with death [Article 72(1)].
  • He appoints Judges of the High Courts and the Supreme Court and other Administrative Tribunals.

(xv) Untouchability is constitutionally prohibited and now this evil practice is crime punishable by law. The government of India has recognized and protected them as ‘Scheduled Castes’. And a system of reservation of seats in the legislatures, admissions in educational institutions, government and private sector for people belonging to scheduled caste has been made for their upliftment.


Part-II (60 Marks)

Section—A
Answer any three questions

Previous Year Question Papers for ISC Political Science 2013 of Class-12 Solved

Question 2.
(a) Explain the classification of states and governments as given by Stephen Leacock. [8] (b) Discuss any six essential features of a Presidential form of government. [6] Answer 2:
(b) The six essential features of a presidential form of government are as given below :
Head of State Real Executive : In the presidential system there is only one chief of the executive, and that is real. The chief of state is not merely the titular executive but he is the real executive and actually exercises the powers which the constitution and law confer on him.

Real Executive Elected by People : The executive is not hereditary or nominated. He is elected by the people. The President of the United States is elected indirectly by the people through an electoral college.

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