ISC Political Science 2015 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and 2 (Section-A and B). By the practice of Political Science 2015 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

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ISC Political Science 2015 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

Part-1

Sections-A of Part-2

Section-B of Part-2

Maximum Marks: 80
Time allowed: Three hours

• Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
• Answer Question 1 (Compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II, choosing two questions from Section A, two questions from Section B and one question from either Section A or Section B.
• The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part-I (20 Marks)

ISC Political Science 2015 Class-12

Question 1. .
Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (xv): [15 x 2]
(i) State Aristotle’s Theory of Cyclic Change.
(ii) Give an example of a Federal State and a Quasi Federal State.
(iii) Mention any two merits of a Parliamentary System of Government.
(iv) State any two conventions of the written constitution of the United States of America.
(v) Define cumulative vote system.
(vi) Explain the meaning of Psychological Basis for the organization of political parties f*
(vii) Flow has the judicial review undermined the legislature ?
(viii) What is the tenure of the President of USA ? How many terms can the US President serve?
(ix) Name the two conventions that are followed
while appointing the British Prime Minister.
(x) Explain the statement ‘American President can pigeon hole any bill’.
(xi) Why is the judiciary in USA called the two tier system ?
(xii) State what is meant by open trial system.
(xiii) Explain the meaning of Jury System.
(xiv) What is casteism ?
(xv) State the importance of reforms in the education system to check communalism under strengthening Indian Democracy.
(ii) Federal state is one that brings together a number of different political communities with a common government for common purposes, and separate “state” or “provincial” or “cantonal” governments for the specific needs of each community. USA is an example of Federal State. Quasi federal state on the other hand refers to a union of states under a central government; rather ‘ than the individual governments of the separate states. India is by constitution a federal republic, but in reality functions as a quasi-federal state.

(iii) The two merits of a parliamentary system of government are as follows :

• It is faster and easier to pass legislation.
• Power is more divided and more evenly spread out in the power structure of parlia mentarianism.

(iv) Senatorial courtesy and Judicial review are the two written conventions of constitution of USA.

(v) This method of minority representation facilitates creation of multi-member constituencies and each voter is given as many votes as is the number of representatives which are to be elected, and each voter has the freedom either to give all his votes to any one candidate or to distribute his votes among as many candidates as he wishes. For example, if from a constituency four representatives are to be elected, each voter gets four votes. Each voter can give all his four votes either to one candidate or to two or three or four candidates of his choice. Now the voters belonging to a minority community can get their candidates elected by accumulating all their votes behind their candidate/candidates. In this way, it is regarded as a method of minority representation.

(vii) The constitution becomes a tool in the hands of the judiciary. Judiciary gets the chance to give meaning to laws passed by the representatives of the people.

Judicial Review has unduly enhanced the prestige of the judiciary vis-a-vis the legislature. It behaves like a third cahmber of legislature with only a negative power of rejecting the laws.

Judicial Review creates complications because of the fact that on several occasions a law is declared ultra vires by the court several years after its enactment by the legislature and enforcement by the executive.

(viii) The President of USA is elected for a term of 4 years. No President may serve more than two four year terms. He or she can serve additionally for a maximum of two years in case he or she took over as President under some other President’s term.

(x) This means the President of America has the right to not assign or hear debate on the bill. If he feels that a bill is not appropriate for discussion he may decide not to hear the same as in case he feels that the bill is not as per the letter and spirit of the constitution.

(xi) While there are similar premises of justice for all citizens, there is reasonable immunity for high level government officials who commit felonies like obstruction of justice, . eavesdropping etc. This is referred as the two-tier system.

(xiii) It is a legal system for determining the facts at issue in a law suit. The system consists of twelve people who sit in criminal and civil events to make decisions on matters of facts. In England there is an approximate 800 year history of the jury system.

(xiv) Casteism is the belief in, and adherence to the caste system. It involves separation on the basis of caste. For example, in India the Caste System constituted four major categories namely Brahmins, Khastriyas, Vaishyas and Sudras. While Brahmins were engaged in spiritual work, Khastriyas were into warfare and Vaishyas did business. Sudras were required to menial work.

(xv) Education system reforms can inculcate learning on diversity of culture. This would allow appreciation of the differences among different groups of people and higher levels of tolerance, thus, strengthening Indian Democracy.

Part-II (60 Marks)

Section—A

Previous Year Question Papers for ISC Political Science 2015 of Class-12 Solved

Question 2.
(a) C.F. Strong has suggested a modern classification of States, Explain the same, with the help of examples. [8]
(b) Discuss any six merits under Indian Constitution of liberal democracy. [6]
(b) The six merits under Indian Constitution of liberal democracy are as follows :
It offers the right to vote to all the adult citizens : In a democratic country all the citizens above 18 years can elect their representatives through electoral process. They can also participate in decision-making process on various issues related to politics, economy and society. Even the President of the country who is responsible for taking the major decisions is also indirectly elected by the people.

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