Physical Quantities and Measurement ICSE Class-6th Concise Selina Physics Solutions Chapter-2. We Provide Step by Step Answer of Objective, True False , Fill in the blanks, Match the following , Short / Long Answer Type , Numericals of Exercise-2 Physical Quantities and Measurement ICSE . Visit official Website  CISCE  for detail information about ICSE Board Class-6.

## Physical Quantities and Measurement ICSE Class-6th Concise Selina Physics Solutions Chapter-2

### A. Objective Questions

#### 1. Write true or false for each statement

(a) S.I. unit of temperature is fahrenheit.

(b) Every measurement involves two things – a number and a unit

(c) Mass is the measure of quantity of matter.

(d) The S.I. unit of time is hour.

(e) The area can be expressed as the product of length of two sides.

#### 2. Fill in the blanks

(a) The S.I. unit of length is …. of time is …. of mass is ….
(b) °C is the unit of ….
(c) 1 metric tonne = …..
(d) The zero mark in Celsius thermometer is the melting point of
(e) The thermometer used to measure the human body temperature is called the ….thermometer.
(f) The normal temperature of human body is …. °C or …. °F.
(g) The ….of an object is measured with the help of a beam balance.

(a) The S.I. unit of length is metre of time is second of mass is kilogram.
(b) °C is the unit of temperature.
(c) 1 metric tonne = 1000 kg
(d) The zero mark in Celsius thermometer is the melting point of ice
(e) The thermometer used to measure the human body temperature is called the clinical thermometer.
(f) The normal temperature of human body is 37 °C or 98.6 °F.
(g) The mass of an object is measured with the help of a beam balance.

### 3. Match the following columns Physical Quantities and Measurement ### 4. Select the correct alternative

(a) The symbol of degree celsius is

1. 1 C°
2.  °F
3.  K
4.  °K

1 C°

(b) lO mm is equal to

1. 1 cm
2.  1 m
3.  10 dm
4.  10 cm

1 cm

(c) The amount of surface occupied by an object is called its:

1.  volume
2.  area
3.  mass
4.  length

area

(d) A metre ruler is graduated in:

1. m
2.  cm
3.  mm
4.  km

°C

(e) A thermometre is graduated in:

1.  kelvin
2.  °C
3.  g
4.  cm

°C

### B. Short/Long Answer Questions of Physical Quantities and Measurement

#### Question 1.

What is measurement ? How is a measurement expressed ?
Measurement is a comparison of an unknown quantity with a known fixed quantity of the same kind.
The value obtained on measuring a quantity is called its magnitude. The magnitude of a quantity is expressed as numbers in its unit.

#### Question 2.

State two characteristics of a unit.
Two characteristics of a unit are

1. It should be of convenient size.
2.  It must be universally accepted, i. e. its value must remain same at all places and at all times.

#### Question 3.

Name four basic measurements in our daily life.
In our daily life we measure the following four basic physical quantities.

1.  Length
2.  Mass
3.  lime
4.  Temperature

#### Question 4.

What are the S.I. units of

1. mass
2.  length
3.  time and
4.  temperature. Write their names and symbols.

S.I. units are as follows #### Question 5.

Define one metre, the S.I. unit of length. State its one multiple and one sub multiple.
One metre is defined as the distance travelled by light in air in $\frac { 1 }{ 299,792,458 }$ of a second
Multiple of metre = Kilometre
Submultiple of metre = Centimetre

#### Question 6.

Convert the following quantities as indicated
(a) 12 inch = ft
(b) 1 ft = cm
(c) 20 cm = m
(d) 4.2 m = cm
(e) 0.2 km = m
(f) 0.2 cm = mm
(g) 1 yard = m

(a) l2 inch 1 ft
(b) 1 ft = 30.48cm
(c) lOO cm 1m  #### Question 7.

(a) Describe in steps how would you measure the length of a pencil using a metre rule. Draw a diagram if necessary.
To measure the length of a pencil using a metre rule, place metre rule with its marking close to the object. Let PQ be a pencil.
The end P of the pencil coincides with the zero mark on the ruler. The end Q of the pencil is read by keeping the eye at the position ‘B’ vertically above the end Q. So the length of pencil is 4.3 cm. (b) Explain with an example how you will use the metre ruler in part (a) if the ends of ruler are broken.
Ans. The ends of the ruler get damaged with use and its zero mark may not be visible. To measure the length of an object with such a ruler, the object is placed close to a specific markings on the ruler and positions of both ends of the object are read on the ruler. The difference of the two readings gives the length of the object. In fig. the reading on ruler at the end X is 1.0 cm and at the end Y is 4.3 cm. So the length of the rod XY is 4.3 — 1.0 = 3.3 cm.

#### Question 8.

Name the device which you will use to measure the perimeter of your play ground. Describe in steps how you will use it.
We will use a measuring tape to measure the perimeter of our playground.
To measure the length of playground the tape is spread along the length of the curved area.

#### Question 9.

The diagram below shows a stick placed along a meter ruler. The length of the stick is measured keeping the eye at positions A, B and C. (a) Write the length if stick PQ as observed, for each position of the eye. Are they all same?
Ans. Length of stick PQ from
Position A =3.4 cm
and Position B = 3.2cm
The Position C = 3.00 cm
No they are not same.
(b) Which is the correct position of the eye? Write the correct length of the stick.
Ans. ‘B’ is the correct position of the eye. Correct length of the stick PQ = 3.2cm

#### Question 10.

Define mass. State its (1) S.I. (2) C.GS and (3) EP.S. units. How are they related ?
The mass of a body is the quantity of matter contained in it. The S.I. unit of mass is kilogram. In short form, it is written as kg.
In C.GS. system, the unit of mass is gram, (symbol g).
In F.P.S. system, the unit of mass is pound (symbol lb)

#### Question 11.

Convert the following quantities as indicated:
(a) 2500 kg = ………. metric tonne.
(b) 150 kg = quintal
(e) 10 lb = ………. kg
(d) 250 g = … .kg
(e) 0.01 kg = ………. g
(f) 5 mg = ………. kg
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