Quadratic Equations ISC Class-11 ML Aggarwal Maths Solutions Chapter-6. Step by step Solutions of ML Aggarwal ISC Class-11 Mathematics with Exe-1, Exe-2, Exe-3, Exe-4, Exe-5, Exe-6, and Chapter Test Questions. Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ISC Board Class-11 Mathematics.

## Quadratic Equations ISC Class-11 ML Aggarwal Maths Ch-6

Board | ISC |

Class | 11 |

Subject | Mathematics |

Chapter-6 | Quadratic Equations |

Session | 2024-25 |

Topics | Solutions of ML Aggarwal |

### Quadratic Equations

Quadratic Equations ISC Class-11 ML Aggarwal Maths Understanding Solutions Chapter-6

- In order to solve a quadratic equation of the form ax
^{2}+ bx + c, we first need to calculate the discriminant with the help of the formula D = b^{2 }– 4ac - The solution of the quadratic equation ax
^{2}+ bx + c= 0 is given by x = [-b ± √ b^{2 }– 4ac] / 2a - If α and β are the roots of the quadratic equation ax
^{2}+ bx + c = 0, then we have the following results for the sum and product of roots:

α + β = -b/a

α.β = c/a

α – β = √D/a

It is not possible for a quadratic equation to have three different roots and if in any case it happens, then the equation becomes an identity.

#### Nature of Roots:

Consider an equation ax^{2} + bx + c = 0, where a, b and c ∈ R and a ≠ 0, then we have the following cases:

If D > 0 the roots are real and distinct i.e. the roots are unequal

If D = 0 the roots are real and coincident i.e. equal

and If D < 0 the roots are imaginary

The imaginary roots always occur in pairs i.e. if a+ib is one root of a quadratic equation, then the other root must be the conjugate i.e. a-ib, where a, b ∈ R and i = √-1.

#### Consider an equation ax^{2} + bx + c = 0, where a, b and c ∈Q and a ≠ 0, then

If D > 0 and is also a perfect square then the roots are rational and unequal.

If α = p + √q is a root of the equation, where ‘p’ is rational and √q is a surd, then the other root must be the conjugate of it i.e. β = p – √q and vice versa

If the roots of the quadratic equation are known, then the quadratic equation may be constructed with the help of the formula

x^{2} – (Sum of roots)x + (Product of roots) = 0.

So if α and β are the roots of equation then the quadratic equation is

x^{2} – (α + β)x + α β = 0

#### Graph of Quadratic Equation

For the quadratic expression = ax^{2} + bx + c, where a, b, c ∈ R and a ≠ 0, then the graph between x and y is always a parabola.

If a > 0, then the shape of the parabola is concave upwards

If a < 0, then the shape of the parabola is concave upwards

Inequalities of the form P(x)/ Q(x) > 0 can be easily solved by the method of intervals of number line rule.

The maximum and minimum values of the expression y = ax^{2} + bx + c occur at the point x = -b/2a depending on whether a > 0 or a< 0.

y ∈[(4ac-b^{2}) / 4a, ∞] if a > 0

If a < 0, then y ∈ [-∞, (4ac-b^{2}) / 4a]

### Quadratic Function

The quadratic function of the form f(x, y) = ax^{2}+by^{2} + 2hxy + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 can be resolved into two linear factors provided it satisfies the following condition: abc + 2fgh –af^{2} – bg^{2} – ch^{2} = 0

In general, if α_{1},α_{2}, α_{3}, …… ,α_{n} are the roots of the equation

f(x) = a_{0}x^{n} +a_{1}x^{n-1} + a_{2}x^{n-2} + ……. + a_{n-1}x + a_{n}, then

1.Σα_{1 }= – a_{1}/a_{0}

2.Σ α_{1}α_{2} = a_{2}/a_{0}

3.Σ α_{1}α_{2}α_{3} = – a_{3}/a_{0}

……… ……….

Σ α_{1}α_{2}α_{3} ……α_{n}= (-1)^{n} a_{n}/a_{0}

Every equation of n^{th} degree has exactly n roots (n ≥1) and if it has more than n roots then the equation becomes an identity.

If there are two real numbers ‘a’ and ‘b’ such that f(a) and f(b) are of opposite signs, then f(x) = 0 must have at least one real root between ‘a’ and ‘b’.

Every equation f(x) = 0 of odd degree has at least one real root of a sign opposite to that of its last term.

**Exe-6.1**

**Exe-6.2**

Quadratic Equations Class-11 Maths

**Exe-6.3**

ISC Class-11 ML Aggarwal Maths Ch-6

**Exe-6.4**

Quadratic Equations ISC Class-11 ML Aggarwal Maths Understanding Ch-6

**Exe-6.5**

Ch-6 Quadratic Equations Class-11 Maths Solutions

**Exe-6.6**

Quadratic Equations ISC Class-11 Maths Ch-6

**Chapter Test**

Quadratic Equations Class-11 ML Aggarwal Maths Ch-6

-: End of Quadratic Equations ISC Class-11 ML Aggarwal Maths Chapter-6 Solution :-

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