Compound Interest ICSE Class-9th Concise Selina Maths Solutions

(Without using formula)

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Compound Interest ICSE Class-9th Concise Selina Mathematics Solutions (Without using formula) Chapter-2. We provide step by step Solutions of Exercise / lesson-2 Compound Interest (Without using formula) for ICSE Class-9 Concise Selina Mathematics by RK Bansal. Our Solutions contain all type Questions with Exe-2 A, Exe-2 B, Exe-2 C and Exe-2 D to develop skill and confidence. Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-9.

Compound Interest ICSE Class-9th Concise Selina Mathematics Solutions Chapter-2 (Without using formula)


–: Select Topics :–

Concept Part-1

Concept Part-2

Exe-2 A,

Exe-2 B,

Exe-2 C,

Exe-2 D,

 


Exercise – 2(A) Compound Interest (Without using formula) for  ICSE Class-9th Concise Mathematics Selina Solutions

Question 1

Rs.16,000 is invested at 5% compound interest compounded per annum. Use the table, given below, to find the amount in 4 years.

Year ↓  Initial amount
(Rs.)
Interest
 (Rs.)
Final amount
(Rs.)
1st 16,000 800 16,800
2nd
3rd
4th
5th

Answer

Year ↓  Initial amount
(Rs.)
Interest
 (Rs.)
Final amount
(Rs.)
1st 16,000 800 16,800
2nd 16,800 840 17,640
3rd 17,640 882 18,522
4th 18,522 926.10 19,448.10
5th 19,448.10 972.405 20,420.505

 

Thus, the amount in 4 years is Rs. 19448.10.

Question 2.1

Calculate the amount and the compound interest on :
Rs. 6,000 in 3 years at 5% per year.

Answer

For 1st year,
P = Rs. 6,000; R = 5%, and T = 1 year
∴ Interest = Rs. 110 = Rs. 300.
And, amount = Rs. ( 6,000 + 300 ) = Rs. 6,300
For 2nd year,
P = Rs. 6,300; R = 5%, and T = 1 year
∴ Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 315
And, amount = Rs. ( 6,300 + 315 ) = Rs. 6,615
For 3rd year,
P = Rs. 6,615; R = 5% and T = 1 year
∴ Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 330.75
And, Amount = Rs. ( 6,615 + 330.75 ) = Rs. 6,945.75
∴ C.I. accrued = Final amount – Intitial Principal
= Rs. ( 6,945.75 – 6,000 )
= Rs. 945.75

Question 2.2

Calculate the amount and the compound interest on :
Rs. 8,000 in  years at 15% per year.

Answer

For 1st year,
P = Rs. 8,000; R = 15%, and T = 1 year

∴ Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 1200.

And, amount = Rs. ( 8,000 + 1200 ) = Rs. 9,200
For 2nd year,
P = Rs. 9,200; R = 15%, and T = 1 year

∴ Interest = Rs. = Rs. 1,380.

And, amount = Rs. ( 9,200 + 1,380 ) = Rs. 10,580
For the last  12 year,
P = Rs. 10,580 ; R = 15% and T = 12 year

∴ Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 793.50

And, Amount = Rs. ( 10,580 + 793.50 ) = Rs. 11373.50

∴ C.I. accrued = Final amount – Intitial Principal
= Rs. ( 11,373.50 – 8,000 )
= Rs. 3373.50

Question 3.1

Calculate the amount and the compound interest on :
₹ 4,600 in 2 years when the rates of interest of successive years are 10%and 12% respectively.

Answer

For 1st year
P = Rs. 4600
R = 10%
T = 1 year.

I =  = Rs. 460

A = 4600 + 460 = Rs. 5060

For 2nd year
P = Rs. 5060
R = 12%
T = 1 year.

I = =607.20

A= 5060 + 607.20 = Rs. 5667.20

Compound interest = 5667.20 – 4600 = Rs. 1067.20

Amount after 2 years = Rs. 5667.20

Question 3.

Calculate the amount and the compound interest on :
Rs. 16,000 in 3 years, when the rates of the interest for successive years are 10%, 14% and 15% respectively.

Answer

For 1st year
P = Rs. 16000
R = 10%
T = 1 year

I =  = Rs. 1600

A = 16000 + 1600 = 17600

For 2nd year,
P = Rs. 17600
R = 14%
T = 1 year

I =  = Rs. 2464.

A = 1760 + 24654 = Rs. 20064

For 3rd year,
P = Rs. 20064
R = 15%
T = 1 year

I =  = 3009.60

Amount after 3 years = 20064 + 3009.60 = Rs. 23073.60

Compound interest = 23073.60 – 16000 = Rs. 7073.60

Question 4

Find the compound interest, correct to the nearest rupee, on Rs. 2,400 for 2.5 years at 5 per cent per annum.

Answer

For 1st years
P = Rs. 2400
R = 5%
T = 1 year

I =  = 120

A = 2400 + 120 = Rs. 2520

For 2nd year
P = Rs. 2520
R = 5%
T = 1 year

I = = Rs. 126.

A = 2520 + 126 = Rs. 2646

For final 1/2 year,
P = Rs. 2646
R = 5%
T = 12 year

I =  = Rs. 66.15

Amount after 1/2 years = 2646 + 66.15 = Rs. 2712.15

Compound interest = 2712.15 – 2400 = Rs. 312.15

Question 5

Calculate the compound interest for the second year on Rs. 8,000/- invested for 3 years at 10% per annum.

Answer

For 1st year
P = Rs. 8000
R = 10%
T = 1 year

I =  = 800

A = 8000 + 800 = Rs. 8800
For 2nd year
P = Rs. 8800
R = 10%
T = 1 year

I = 
Compound interest for 2nd years = Rs. 880

Question 6

A borrowed Rs. 2,500 from B at 12% per annum compound interest. After 2 years, A gave Rs. 2,936 and a watch to B to clear the account. Find the cost of the watch.

Answer

For 1st year,
P = Rs. 2500
R = 12%
T = 1 year

I = = Rs. 300

Amount = 2500 + 300 = Rs. 2800

For 2nd year,
P = Rs. 2800
R = 12%
T = 1 year

I =  = Rs. 336

Amount = 2800 + 336 = Rs. 3136

Amount repaid by A to B = Rs. 2936

The amount of watch =Rs. 3136 – Rs. 2936 = Rs. 200

Question 7

How much will Rs. 50,000 amount to in 3 years, compounded yearly, if the rates for the successive years are 6%, 8% and 10% respectively?

Answer

Interest for the first year = 


= Rs. 3,000
Amount for the first year = Rs. 50,000 + Rs. 3,000 = Rs. 53,000

Interest for the second year = P×R×T100


= Rs. 4,240

Amount for the second year = Rs. 53,000 + Rs. 4,240 = Rs. 57,240

Interest for the third year = 

= Rs. 5,724

Amount for the third year = Rs. 57,240 + Rs. 5,724 = Rs. 62,964
Hence, the amount will be Rs. 62,964.

Question 8

Meenal lends Rs. 75,000 at C.I. for 3 years. If the rate of interest for the first two years is 15% per year and for the third year it is 16%, calculate the sum Meenal will get at the end of the third year.

Answer

Interest for the first year = 


= Rs. 11,250
Amount for the first year = Rs. 75,000 + Rs. 3,000 = Rs. 86,250

Interest for the second year = 

86,250×15×1100
= Rs. 12,937.5

Amount for the second year = Rs. 86,250 + Rs. 12,937.5 = Rs. 99,187.5

Interest for the third year = 

= Rs. 15,870

Amount for the third year = Rs. 99,187.5 + Rs. 15,870 = Rs. 1,15,057.5
Hence, the sum Meenal will get at the end of the third year is Rs. 1,15,057.5

Question 9

Govind borrows Rs18,000 at 10% simple interest. He immediately invests the money borrowed at 10% compound interest compounded half-yearly. How much money does Govind gain in one year ?

Answer

To calculate S.I.
P = Rs. 18,000; R = 10% and T = 1 year
S.I. = Rs.  = Rs. 1,800.

To calculate C.I.
For 1st half- year :
P= Rs. 18,000; R = 10 % and T= 12 year

Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 9000

Amount = Rs. 18,000 + Rs. 900 = Rs. 18,900

For 2nd year :
P= Rs. 18,900; R = 10% and T = 12 year

Interest= Rs. ×2 = Rs. 945.

Amount= Rs. 18,900 + Rs. 945 = Rs. 19,845

Compound interest = Rs. 19,845 – Rs. 18,000 = Rs. 1,845

His gain = Rs. 1,845 – Rs. 1,800= Rs. 45

Question 10

Find the compound interest on Rs. 4,000 accrued in three years, when the rate of interest is 8% for the first year and 10% per year for the second and the third years.

Answer

Interest for the first year = 


= Rs. 3,20
Amount for the first year = Rs. 4,000 + Rs. 3,20 = Rs. 4,320

Interest for the second year = 


= Rs. 432

Amount for the second year = Rs. 4,320 + Rs. 432 = Rs. 4,752

Interest for the third year = 

= Rs. 475.20

Amount for the third year = Rs. 4,752 + Rs. 475.20 = Rs. 5,227.20

So, the compound interest = Rs. 5,227.20 – Rs. 4,000 = Rs. 1,227.20

Hence, the amount will get at the end of the third year is Rs. 1,227.50.


Selina Concise Solutions Compound Interest (Without using formula) Exe-2 B ICSE Class-9th Mathematics

Question 1

Calculate the difference between the simple interest and the compound interest on Rs. 4,000 in 2 years at 8% per annum compounded yearly.

Answer

For 1st year
P = Rs. 4000
R = 8
T = 1 year

I = = 320

A = 4000 + 320 = Rs. 4320

For 2nd year
P = Rs. 4320
R = 8%
T = 1 year

I =  = Rs. 345.60

A = 4320 + 345.60 = 4665.60

Compound interest = Rs. 4665.60 – Rs. 4000 = Rs. 665.60

Simple interest for 2 years = = Rs. 640

Difference of CI and SI = 665.60 – 640 = Rs 25.60.

Question 2

A man lends  Rs. 12,500 at 12% for the first year, at 15% for the second year and at 18% for the third year. If the rates of interest are compounded yearly ; find the difference between the C.I. fo the first year and the compound interest for the third year.

Answer

For 1st year
P = Rs. 12500
R = 12%
R = 1 year

I = = Rs. 1500

A = 12500 + 1500 = Rs. 14000

For 2nd year
P = Rs. 1400
R = 15%
T = 1 year

I =  = Rs. 2898

A = 1400 + 2100 = Rs. 16100

For 3rd year
P = Rs. 16100
R = 18%
T = 1 year

I =  = Rs. 2898

A = 16100 + 2898 = Rs. 3998

Difference between the compound interest of the third year and first year
= Rs. 2893 – Rs. 1500
= Rs. 1398

Question 3

A sum of money is lent at 8% per annum compound interest. If the interest for the second year exceeds that for the first year by Rs. 96, find the sum of money.

Answer

Let money be Rs100
For 1st year
P = Rs. 100; R = 8% and T = 1 year.
Interest for the first year = Rs.  = Rs. 8
Amount = Rs. 100 + Rs. 8 = Rs. 108

For 2nd year
P = Rs.108; R = 8% and T= 1year.
Interest for the second year= Rs.  = Rs. 8.64

Difference between the interests for the second and first year = Rs. 8.64 – Rs. 8 = Rs. 0.64
Given that interest for the second year exceeds the first year by Rs. 96.
When the difference between the interests is Rs. 0.64, principal is Rs. 100

When the difference between the interests is Rs96, principal = Rs.  = Rs. 15,000.

Question 4

A man borrows Rs. 6,000 at 5% C.I. per annum. If he repays Rs. 1,200 at the end of each year, find the amount of the loan outstanding at the beginning of the third year.

Answer

Given that the amount borrowed = Rs. 6,000.
Rate per annum = 5%

Interest on Rs. 6,000 =  x Rs. 6,000 = Rs. 300
So, amount at the end of the first year = Rs. 6,000+ Rs. 300 = Rs.6,300

Amount left to be paid = Rs. 6,300 – Rs. 1,200 = Rs. 5,100.

Interest on Rs. 5,100 =  x Rs. 5,100 = Rs. 255

So, amount at the end of the second year = Rs. 5,100 + Rs. 255 = Rs. 5,355.

Amount left to be paid = Rs. 5,355 – Rs. 1,200  = Rs. 4,155.
Hence, the amount of the loan outs tan ding at the beginning of the third year is Rs. 4,155.

Question 5

A man borrows Rs. 5,000 at 12 percent compound interest payable every six months. He repays Rs. 1,800 at the end of every six months. Calculate the third payment he has to make at the end of 18 months in order to clear the entire loan.

Answer

For 1st six months :
P = Rs. 5,000, R = 12% and T = 6 months = 12 year
∴ Interest = 100 = Rs. 300.

And, Amount = Rs. 5,000 + Rs. 300 = Rs. 5,300
Since, money repaid = Rs. 1,800
Balance = Rs. 5,300 – Rs. 1,800 = Rs. 3,500

For 2nd six months :
P = Rs. 3,500, R = 12% and T = 6 months = 12 year

∴ Interest =  = Rs. 210.

And, Amount = Rs. 3,500 + Rs. 210 = Rs. 3,710.
Again money repaid = Rs. 1,800
Balance = Rs. 3,710 – Rs. 1,800 = Rs. 1,910.

For 3rd six months :
P = Rs. 1,910, R = 12% and T = 6 months = 12 year
∴ Interest =  = Rs. 114.60.

And, Amount = Rs. 1,910 + Rs. 114.60 = Rs. 2,024.60
Thus, the 3rd payment to be made to clear the entire loan is 2,024.60

Question 6

On a certain sum of money, the difference between the compound interest for a year, payable half-yearly, and the simple interest for a year is  Rs. 180/- Find the sum lent out, if the rate of interest in both the cases is 10% per annum.

Answer

Let principal p = Rs. 100.
R = 10%
T = 1 year

SI = 0 = Rs. 10.

Compound interest payable half yearly
R = 5% half yearly
T = 12 year = 1 half year
For first 12 year
I = = Rs. 5

A = 100 + 5 = Rs. 105
For second year
P = Rs. 105

I = = Rs. 5.25

Total compound interest = 5 + 5.25 = Rs. 10.25
Difference of CI and SI = 10.25- 10 = Rs. 0.25
When difference in interest is Rs. 10.25, sum = Rs. 100.

If the difference is Rs. 1 , sum = 

If the difference is Rs. = 180, sum =  = Rs. 72,000.

Question 7

A manufacturer estimates that his machine depreciates by 15% of its value at the beginning of the year. Find the original value (cost) of the machine, if it depreciates by Rs. 5,355 during the second year.

Answer

Let the original cost of the machine = Rs. 100.
∴ Depreciation during the 1st year = 15% of Rs. 100 = Rs, 15.
Value of the machine at the beginning of the 2nd year
= Rs.100 – Rs.15 = Rs. 85

∴ Depreciation during the 2nd year = 15% of Rs. 85 = Rs. 12.75

Now, when depreciation during 2nd year = Rs, 12.75,
original cost = Rs. 100

∴ when depreciation during 2nd year = Rs. 5,355.
original cost = Rs.  = Rs. 42,000.
Hence, original cost of the machine is Rs. 42,000.

Question 8.1

A man invest 5,600 at 14% per annum compound interest for 2 years. Calculate : The interest for the first year.

Answer

For 1st years
P = Rs. 5600
R = 14%
T = 1 year

I = = Rs. 784

Question 8.2

A man invest Rs. 5,600 at 14% per annum compound interest for 2 years. Calculate : The amount at the end of the first year.

Answer

Amount at the end of the first year = 5600 + 784  = Rs. 6384.

Question 8.3

A man invest Rs. 5,600 at 14% per annum compound interest for 2 years. Calculate : The interest for the second year, correct to the nearest rupee.

Answer

For 2nd year
P = 6384
R = 14%
R = 1 year

I = 
= Rs. 803.76
= Rs. 894 (nearly)

Question 9

A man saves Rs. 3,000 every year and invests it at the end of the year at 10% compound interest. Calculate the total amount of his savings at the end of the third years.

Answer

Savings at the end of every year = Rs. 3000
For 2nd year
P = Rs. 3000
R = 10%
T = 1 year

I = = 300

A = 3000 + 300 = Rs. 3300

For third year, savings = 3000
P = 3000 + 3300 = Rs. 6300
R = 10%
T = 1 year

I =  = Rs. 630.
A = 6300 + 630 = Rs. 6930

Amount at the end of 3rd year
= 6930 + 3000
= Rs. 9930

A man borrows Rs. 10,000 at 5% per annum compound interest. He repays 35% of the sum borrowed at the end of the first year and 42% of the sum borrowed at the end of the second year. How much must he pay at the end of the third year in order to clear the debt ?

Answer

The amount borrowed = Rs.10,000.
lnterest for the first year = 

= Rs. 500

So, amount at the end of the first year
= Rs. 10,000 + Rs. 500
= Rs. 10,500

The man pays 35% of Rs.10,500 at the end of the first year
 x 10,500 = Rs.3,675

So, amount left to be paid = Rs. 10,500 – Rs. 3,675 = Rs. 6,825.
lnterest for the second year = 

= Rs. 341.25

amount at the end of the second year
= Rs.6825 + Rs,341.25
= Rs. 7,166.25

The man pays 42% of Rs. 7166.25 at the end of the of the second year = 42100 x 7166.25 = Rs. 3,009.825

So, amount left to be paid = Rs. 7,166.25 – Rs. 3009.825
= Rs. 4156.425

lnterest for the third year = 


= Rs. 207.82125

So, amount at the end of the third year
= Rs. 4,156.425 + Rs. 207.82125 = Rs. 4,364.24625

Hence, he must pay Rs. 4,364.24625 at the end of the third year in order to dear the debt.

A sum is invested at compound interest, compounded yearly. If the interest for two successive years is Rs. 5,700 and Rs. 7,410. calculate the rate of interest.

Answer

Rate of interest = 

5700×1%

= 30 %

Question 2

A certain sum of money is put at compound interest, compounded half-yearly. If the interest for two successive half-years are Rs. 650 and Rs. 760.50; find the rate of interest.

Answer

∵ Difference between the C.I. of two successive half-years
= Rs. 760.50 – Rs. 650= Rs. 110.50
⇒ Rs. 110.50 is the interest of one half-year on Rs. 650
∴ Rate of interest = Rs. 
×1/2 %
= 34 %

Question 3.1

A certain sum amounts to Rs. 5,292 in two years and Rs. 5,556.60 in three years, interest being compounded annually. Find : the rate of interest.

Answer

Amount in two years= Rs. 5,292
Amount in three years= Rs. 5,556.60
Difference between the amounts of two successive years
= Rs. 5,556.60 – Rs. 5,292 = Rs. 264.60

⇒ Rs. 264.60 is the interest of one year on Rs. 5,292

∴ Rate of interest = Rs. 

= 5%

Question 3.2

A certain sum amounts to Rs. 5,292 in two years and Rs. 5,556.60 in three years, interest being compounded annually. Find: the original sum.

Answer

Let the sum of money = Rs. 100
Interest on it for 1st year= 5% of Rs. 100 = Rs. 5
⇒ Amount in one year= Rs. 100 + Rs. 5 = Rs. 105
Similarly, amount in two years = Rs. 105 + 5% of Rs. 105
= Rs. 105+ Rs. 5.25
= Rs. 110.25
When amount in two years is Rs. 110.25, sum = Rs. 100
⇒ When amount in two years is Rs. 5,292,
sum = Rs.  = Rs. 4,800.

Question 4

The compound interest, calculated yearly, on a certain sum of money for the second year is Rs. 1,089 and for the third year it is Rs. 1,197.90. Calculate the rate of interest and the sum of money.

Answer

(i) C.I. for second year = Rs. 1,089
C.I. for third year = Rs. 1,197.90
∵ Difference between the C.I. of two successive years
= Rs. 1,197.90 – Rs. 1089 = Rs. 108.90
⇒ Rs. 108.90 is the interest of one year on Rs.1089.

∴ Rate of interest = Rs. %

% = 10%

(ii) Let the sum of money = Rs.100
∴ Interest on it for 1st year = 10% of Rs.100= Rs.10

⇒ Amount in one year = Rs. 100 + Rs. 10 = Rs. 110
Similarly, C.I. for 2nd year = 10% of Rs. 110 = Rs. 11
When C.I. for 2nd year is Rs. 11, sum = Rs. 100
When C.I. for 2nd year is Rs. 1089, sum = Rs. ×11
= Rs. 9,900.

Question 5

Mohit invests Rs. 8,000 for 3 years at a certain rate of interest, compounded annually. At the end of one year it amounts to Rs. 9,440. Calculate :
(i) the rate of interest per annum.
(ii) the amount at the end of the second year.
(iii) the interest accrued in the third year.

Answer

For 1st year
P = Rs. 8,000; A = 9,440 and T= 1 year
Interest = Rs. 9,440 – Rs. 8,000 = Rs. 1,440
Rate = 

% = 18%

For 2nd year
P= Rs. 9,440; R = 18% and T= 1 year

Interest = Rs ×100= Rs. 1,699.20

Amount = Rs. 9,440 + Rs. 1,699.20 = Rs. 11,139.20

For 3rd year

P = Rs. 11,139.20; R = 18 % and T= 1year

Interest = Rs. = Rs. 2,005.06

Question 6

Geeta borrowed Rs. 15,000 for 18 months at a certain rate of interest compounded semi-annually. If at the end of six months it amounted to Rs. 15,600; calculate :
(i) the rate of interest per annum.
(ii) the total amount of money that Geeta must pay at the end of 18 months in order to clear the account

Answer

For 1st half – year :
P= Rs. 15,000; A= Rs. 15,600 and T = ½ year
Interest = Rs. 15,600 – Rs. 15,000= Rs. 600

Rate= `[“I” xx 100 ]/[“P” xx “T”] %

= [600 xx 100]/[15,000 xx 1/2]` % = 8% .

For 2nd half – year :
P = Rs. 15,600; R = 8% and T = 12 year

Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 624

Amount = Rs. 15,600 + Rs. 624 = Rs. 16,224

For 3rd half – year :

P = Rs. 16,224; R = 8 % and T = 12 ye    ar

Interest = Rs. = Rs. 648.96

Amount = Rs. 16,224 + Rs. 648.96 = Rs. 16,872.96.

Question 7

Ramesh invests Rs. 12,800 for three years at the rate of 10% per annum compound interest. Find:
(i) the sum due to Ramesh at the end of the first year.
(ii) the interest he earns for the second year.
(iii) the total amount due to him at the end of the third year.

Answer

For 1st year :
P = Rs. 12,800; R = 10 % and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 1,280.

Amount = Rs. 12,800 + Rs. 1,280 = Rs. 14,080.

For 2nd year :
P = Rs. 14,080; R = 10 % and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 1,408.

Amount = Rs. 14,080 + Rs. 1,408 = Rs. 15,488

For 3rd year :
P = Rs. 15,488; R = 10 % and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 1,548.80

Amount = Rs. 15,488 + Rs. 1,548.80 = Rs. 17,036.80

Question 8

Rs. 8,000 is lent out at 7% compound interest for 2 years. At the end of the first year Rs. 3,560 are returned. Calculate :
(i) the interest paid for the second year.
(ii) the total interest paid in two years.
(iii) the total amount of money paid in two years to clear the debt.

Answer

(i) For 1st year : 
P = Rs. 8,000; R = 7 % and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 560.

Amount = Rs. 8,000 + Rs. 560 = Rs. 8,560
Money returned = Rs. 3,560
Balance money for 2nd year= Rs. 8,560 – Rs. 3,560 = Rs. 5,000

For 2nd year :
P = Rs. 5,000; R = 7 % and T = 1 year.

Interest paid for the second year = Rs. 
= Rs. 350

(ii) The total interest paid in two years= Rs. 350 + Rs. 560 = Rs. 910

(iii) The total amount of money paid in two years to clear the debt

= Rs. 8,000+ Rs. 910 = Rs. 8,910

Question 9

The cost of a machine depreciated by Rs. 4,000 during the first year and by Rs. 3,600 during the second year. Calculate :

  1. The rate of depreciation.
  2. The original cost of the machine.
  3. Its cost at the end of the third year.

Answer

(i) Difference between depreciation in value between the first and second years Rs. 4,000 – Rs. 3,600 = Rs. 400.
⇒ Depreciation of one year on Rs. 4,000 = Rs. 400

⇒ Rate of depreciation =  = 10%

(ii) Let Rs.100 be the original cost of the machine.
Depreciation during the 1st year = 10% of Rs.100 = Rs.10
When the values depreciates by Rs.10 during the 1st year, Original cost = Rs.100
⇒ When the depreciation during 1st year = Rs. 4,000

Original Cost =  = Rs. 40,000

The original cost of the machine is Rs. 40,000.

(iii) Total depreciation during all the three years
= Depreciation  in value during(1st year + 2nd year + 3rd year)
= Rs. 4,000 + Rs. 3,600 + 10% of (Rs. 40,000 – Rs. 7,600)
= Rs. 4,000 + Rs. 3,600 + Rs. 3,240
= Rs.10,840

The cost of the machine at the end of the third year
= Rs. 40,000 – Rs.10,840 = Rs. 29,160

Question 10

Find the sum, invested at 10% compounded annually, on which the interest for the third year exceeds the interest of the first year by Rs. 252.

Answer

Let the sum of money be Rs.100.
Rate of interest = 10% p.a.
Interest at the end of 1st year = 10% of Rs. 100 = Rs. 10
Amount at the end of 1st year = Rs. 100 + Rs. 10 = Rs. 110
Interest at the end of 2nd year = 10% of Rs. 110 = Rs. 11
Amount at the end of 2nd year = Rs. 110 + Rs. 11 = Rs.121
Interest at the end of 3rd year =10% of Rs. 121= Rs. 12.10
Difference between interest of 3rd year and 1st year
= Rs. 12.10 – Rs. 10 = Rs. 2.10
When difference is Rs. 2.10, principal is Rs. 100
When difference is Rs. 252, principal =  = Rs.12,000.

Question 11

A man borrows Rs.10,000 at 10% compound interest compounded yearly. At the end of each year, he pays back 30% of the sum borrowed. How much money is left unpaid just after the second year ?

Answer

For 1st year :
P = Rs. 10,000; R = 10% and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs. = Rs.1,000

Amount at the end of 1st year = Rs. 10,000 + Rs. 1,000 = Rs. 11,000

Money paid at the end of 1st year = 30% of Rs. 10,000 = Rs. 3,000

∴ Principal for 2nd year = Rs. 11,000 – Rs. 3,000 = Rs. 8,000

For 2nd year :

P = Rs. 8,000; R = 10% and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 800

Amount at the end of 2nd year = Rs. 8,000 + Rs. 800 = Rs. 8,800

Money paid at the end of 2nd year = 30% of Rs. 10,000 = Rs. 3,000

∴ Principal for 3rd year = Rs. 8,800 – Rs. 3,000 =Rs. 5,800.

Question 12

A man borrows Rs.10,000 at 10% compound interest compounded yearly. At the end of each year, he pays back 20% of the amount for that year. How much money is left unpaid just after the second year ?

Answer

For 1st year :

P = Rs. 10,000; R = 10% and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs.  = Rs. 1,000

Amount at the end of 1st year = Rs. 10,000 + Rs. 1,000 = Rs. 11,000

Money paid at the end of 1st year = 20% of Rs. 11,000 = Rs. 2,200

∴ Principal for 2nd year = Rs. 11,000 – Rs. 2,200 = Rs. 8,800

For 2nd year :

P = Rs. 8,800; R = 10% and T= 1 year

Interest = Rs. = Rs. 880

Amount at the end of 2nd year = Rs. 8,800 + Rs. 880 = Rs. 9,680

Money paid at the end of 2nd year = 20% of Rs. 9,680 = Rs.1,936

∴ Principal for 3rd year =Rs. 9,680 – Rs. 1,936 = Rs. 7,744.


Exercise – 2(D) Compound Interest ICSE Class-9th Concise Selina Mathematics Solutions (Without using formula)

Question 1

What sum will amount of Rs. 6,593.40 in 2 years at C.I. , if the rates are 10 per cent and 11 per cent for the two successive years ?

Answer 

Let principal (p) = Rs. 100
For 1st year :
P = Rs. 100
R = 10%
T = 1 year

I =  = Rs. 10.

A = 100 + 10 = Rs. 110

For 2nd year :
P = Rs. 110
R = 11%
T = 1 year

I =  = Rs. 12.10.

A = 110 + 12.10 = Rs. 122.10
If Amount is Rs. 122.10 on a sum of Rs. = 100

If amount is Rs. 1, sum = 100122.10

If amount is Rs. 6593.40, sum =   = Rs. 5400

Question 2

The value of a machine depreciated by 10% per year during the first two years and 15% per year during the third year. Express the total depreciation of the machine, as per cent, during the three years.

Answer 

Let the value of machine in the beginning = Rs. 100

For 1st year depreciation = 10% of Rs. 100 = Rs. 100
Value of machine for second year = 100 – 10 = Rs. 90

For 2nd year depreciation = 10% of 90 = Rs. 9
Value of machine for third year = 90 – 9 = Rs. 81

For 3rd year depreciation = 15% of 81 = Rs. 12.15
Value of machine at the end of third year = 81 – 12.15 = Rs. 68.85

Net depreciation = Rs. 100 – Rs. 68.85 = Rs. 31.15 Or 31.15%

 Question 3

Rachna borrows Rs. 12,000 at 10 percent per annum interest compounded half-yearly. She repays Rs. 4,000 at the end of every six months. Calculate the third payment she has to make at end of 18 months in order to clear the entire loan.

Answer 

For 1st half – year :
P = Rs. 12,000; R = 10 % and T = `1/2` year

Interest = Rs. `[12,000 x 10 x 1]/[100 x 2]` = Rs. 600

Amount = Rs. 12,000 + Rs. 600 = Rs. 12,600
Money paid at the end of 1st half year = Rs. 4,000
Balance money for 2nd half-year = Rs. 12,600 – Rs. 4,000 = Rs. 8,600

For 2nd half – year :

P = Rs. 8,600; R = 10% and T = `1/2` year

Interest = Rs. `[ 8,600 x 10 x 1]/[100 x 2]` =Rs. 430

Amount = Rs. 8,600 + Rs. 430 = Rs. 9,030

Money paid at the end of 2nd half-year = Rs. 4,000

Balance money for 3rd half – year = Rs. 9,030 – Rs. 4,000 = Rs. 5,030

For 3rd half-year

P = Rs. 5,030; R = 10% and T = `1/2` year

Interest = Rs. `[5,030 x 10 x 1]/[100 x 2]` = Rs. 251.50

Amount = Rs. 5,030 + Rs. 251.50 = Rs. 5,281.50

Question 4

On a certain sum of money, invested at the rate of 10 percent per annum compounded annually, the interest for the first year plus the interest for the third year is Rs. 2,652. Find the sum.

Answer 

Let Principal = Rs.100
For 1st year
P = Rs. 100; R = 10 % and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs.`[100 x 10 x 1]/100` = Rs. 10

Amount = Rs. 100 + Rs. 10 = Rs. 110

For 2nd year

P = Rs. 110; R = 10 % and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs. `[110 x 10 x 1]/[100]` = Rs. 11

Amount = Rs. 110 + Rs. 11 = Rs. 121

For 3rd year

P = Rs. 121; R = 10 % and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs `[121 x 10 x 1]/[100]`= Rs. 12.10

Sum of C.I. for 1st year and 3rd year = Rs. 10 + Rs. 12.10 = Rs. 22.10

When sum is Rs. 22.10, principal is Rs. 100

When sum is Rs. 2,652, principal = Rs. `[100 x 2652]/[22.10]`
= Rs. 12,000.

Question 5

During every financial year, the value of a machine depreciates by 12%. Find the original cost of a machine which depreciates by Rs. 2,640 during the second financial year of its purchase.

Answer 

Let original value of machine = Rs. 100
For 1st year
P = Rs. 100; R = 12% and T = 1 year
Depreciation in 1st year = Rs `[100 x 12 x 1]/[100]` = Rs.12

Value at the end of 1st year = Rs. 100 – Rs. 12 = Rs. 88

For 2nd year

P = Rs. 88;  R = 12% and T = 1 year

Depreciation in 2nd year = Rs.`[88 x 12 x 1]/[100]= Rs. 10.56

When depreciation in 2nd year is Rs.10.56, original cost is Rs.100

When depreciation in 2nd year is Rs.2,640, original cost = `[100 x 2640 ]/[10.56]` = Rs. 25,000

Question 6

Find the sum on which the difference between the simple interest and compound interest at the rate of 8% per annum compounded annually would be Rs. 64 in 2 years.

Answer 

Let Rs. X be the sum.
Simple Interest (I) = `[ “X” x 8 x 1]/100` = 0.08X

Compound interest
For 1st year :
P = Rs. X, R = 8% and T = 1
⇒ Interest (I) = `[“X” x 8 x 1]/100` = 0.08X

For 2nd year :
P = Rs. X Rs. 0.08X = Rs.1.08X
⇒ Interest (I) = `[“1.08X” xx 8 xx 1]/100` = 0.0864X

The difference between the simple interest and compound interest at the rate of 8% per annum compounded annually should be Rs. 64 in 2 years.
⇒ Rs. 0.08X – Rs. 0.0864X = Rs. 64
⇒ Rs. 0.0064X = Rs. 64
⇒ x = Rs.10,000
Hence the sum is Rs.10,000

Question 7

A sum of Rs. 13,500 is invested at 16% per annum compound interest for 5 years. Calculate :
(i) the interest for the first year.
(ii) the amount at the end of first year.
(iii) the interest for the second year, correct to the nearest rupee.

Answer 

For 1st year :

P = Rs. 13,500; R = 16% and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs. `[13,500 xx 16 x 1]/[100]`= Rs. 2,160

Amount = Rs. 13,500 + Rs. 2,160= Rs. 15,660

For 2nd year :

P = Rs. 15,660; R = 16% and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs. `[15,660 x 16 x 1]/[100]`= Rs. 2,505.60 = Rs. 2,506

Question 8

Saurabh invests Rs. 48,000 for 7 years at 10% per annum compound interest. Calculate:
(i) the interest for the first year.
(ii) the amount at the end of second year.
(iii) the interest for the third year.

Answer 

For 1st year :
P = Rs. 48,000; R = 10 % and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs. `[48,000 x 10 x 1]/[100]` = Rs. 4,800

Amount = Rs. 48,000 + Rs. 4,800 = Rs. 52,800

For 2nd year :

P = Rs. 52,800; R = 10 % and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs. `[52,800 x 10 xx 1]/[100]`= Rs. 5,280

Amount = Rs. 52,800 + Rs. 5,280 = Rs. 58,080

For 3rd year :

P = Rs. 58,080; R = 10% and T = 1 year

Interest = Rs.`[58,080 xx 10 x 1]/[100]` = Rs. 5,808

Question 9

Ashok borrowed Rs. 12,000 at some rate on compound interest. After a year, he paid back Rs.4,000. If the compound interest for the second year is Rs. 920, find:

  1. The rate of interest charged
  2. The amount of debt at the end of the second year

Answer 

(i) Let X% be the rate of interest charged.

For 1st year :
P = Rs.12,000, R = X% and T = 1
⇒ Interest (I) = `[12,000 x “X” x 1]/[100]` = 120X

For 2nd year:
After a year, Ashok paid back Rs. 4,000.
P = Rs.12,000 + Rs. 120X – Rs. 4,000 = Rs. 8,000 + Rs.120X
⇒ Interest (I) = `[( 8000 + 120″X”) x 1]/[100]` = ( 80X + 1.20X2 )

The compound interest for the second year is Rs. 920.
Rs. ( 80X + 1.20X) = Rs. 920
⇒ 1.20X2 + 80X – 920 = 0
and ⇒ 3X2 + 200X – 2300 = 0
⇒ 3X2 + 230X – 30X – 2300 = 0
so ⇒ X(3X + 230) -10(3X + 230) = 0
therefore⇒ (3X + 230)(X – 10) = 0
Hence ⇒ X = -230/3 or X = 10
As rate of interest cannot be negative so x = 10.
Therefore the rate of interest charged is 10%.

(ii) For 1st year :
Interest = Rs.120X = Rs.1200
For 2nd year :
Interest = Rs.( 80X + 1.20X) = Rs.920

The amount of debt at the end of the second year is equal to the addition of principal of the second year and interest for the two years.
Debt = Rs. 8,000 + Rs. 1200 + Rs. 920 = Rs. 10,120

Question 10

On a certain sum of money, lent out at C.I., interests for first, second and third years are Rs. 1,500; Rs. 1,725 and Rs. 2,070 respectively. Find the rate of interest for the (i) second year (ii) third year.

Answer 

Total interest obtained in the first year = Rs, 1500
lnterest for the second year – Total interest obtained in the first year
= Rs. 1725 – Rs. 1500
= Rs. 225

Rate of interest for the second year = `225/1500` x 100 = 15%

Interest for the third year – Interest for the second year
= Rs. 2,070 – Rs. 1,725
= Rs. 345

Rate of interest for the third year
= `345/[1,725]` x 100 = 20%

So, rate of interest for the second year and third year are 15% and 20% respectively.

— End of Compound Interest ICSE Class-9th Concise Solutions :–


Return to  Concise Selina Maths Solutions for ICSE Class -9


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