Elements and Compounds Class-6 Dalal Simplified ICSE Chemistry Solutions Chapter-2 Unit-1

Elements and Compounds Class-6 Dalal Simplified ICSE Chemistry Solutions Chapter-1 Elements, Compounds and Mixtures Unit-1 Elements and Compounds Dr Viraf J Dalal Middle School Allied Publishers Solutions. Chapter-2. We Provide Step by Step Solutions of Exercise/Lesson -2  Questions and Answers of Dr Viraf J Dalal Middle School Chemistry Allied Publishers. Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-6.

Elements and Compounds Class-6 Dalal Simplified ICSE Chemistry Solutions Chapter-2 Unit-1

Board ICSE
Class 6th
Subject Chemistry
Book Name Dalal New Simplified
Chapter-2 Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
Unit-1 Elements & Compounds
Topic Solution of exercise questions
Session 2023-24

Exercise-1

Elements and Compounds Class-6 Dalal Simplified ICSE Chemistry Solutions Chapter-2 Unit-1

Question: 1. Classify substances into pure & impure substances in the form of a chart or tabulation.

Answer: Pure & impure substances in the form of a chart or tabulation:

pure and impure

Question: 2. Differentiate between the terms – elements, compounds & mixtures.

Answer: Differentiate between the terms – elements, compounds & mixtures:

Element –
Element is the simplest pure substances in which all the atoms are exactly the same. It can be classified into metals, non-metals and metalloids.
Example – Hydrogen, Carbon, Oxygen [1 Mark]Compounds –
It is a combination of two or more elements. It is a pure substance.
Example – Water, Carbon dioxide [1 Mark]Mixtures –
A mixture consists of two or more substances which are not combined chemically. The substances combined in a mixture are in any ratio. Examples: sand and salt, flour and husk. [1 Mark]

Question: 3. The important physical properties of substances are colour, odour, nature, density & solubility in water. Name –

a] two coloured gases [with their colours]
b] a gas with a pungent, choking odour which is lighter than air
c] a poisonous gas almost as heavy as air.

Answer: The important physical properties of substances are colour, odour, nature, density & solubility in water. Name –

(a) (i) Chlorine – greenish yellow ,(ii) Nitrogen dioxide – reddish brown.
(b) Ammonia 

(c) Carbon monoxide 

Question: 4. Complete the statement – an element is a pure substance made up or [identical/different] atoms.

Answer: An element is a pure substance made up of  atoms.

Examples: Carbon, Hydrogen

Question: 5 Draw a labelled diagram of an atom including its nucleus, orbits & their contents.

Answer: Draw a labelled diagram of an atom including its nucleus, orbits & their contents:

nucleus, orbits and their contents

Question: 6. Elements are classified into – Metals – Non-metals – Metalloids – Noble gases.

State which of A, B, C, D is a –

i] Metallic element
ii] Non-metallic
iii] Metalloid
iv] Noble gas

Answer:

A: Is non-malleable, non-ductile & a poor conductor of electricity ….Non-metallic element
B: Has luster, is malleable and ductile & a good conductor of heat ….Metallic element
C: Is unreactive and inert and present in traces in air ….Noble gas…..
D: Shows properties of both metals and non-metals ….Metalloid….

Question: 7. An atom of an element is denoted by a ‘symbol’. Explain the meaning of the term ‘symbol’.

State a reason for representing the following elements by their symbols.
a] Hydrogen by ‘H’
b] Helium by ‘He’
c] Copper by ‘Cu’

Answer: S The short form or abbreviated name of the element (or radicals) The reason for representing the following elements by their symbols are as follow :

(a) Hydrogen by ‘H’ – First letter of the name of the element
(b) Helium by ‘He’ – First two letters of the name of Noble gases
(c) Copper by ‘Cu’ – Deriving symbols from their Latin names

Question: 8. Match the metallic elements – with their correct symbols:

Metallic elements Symbols
1. Potassium (a) Ca
2. Sodium (b) Zn
3. Calcium (c) Pb
4. Magnesium (d) Hg
5. Zinc (e) Cu
6. Aluminum (f) Au
7. Iron (g) K
8. Lead (h) Fe
9. Copper (i) Al
10. Mercury (j) Na
11. Silver (k) Mg
12. Platinum (l) Pt
13. Gold (m) Ag

Answer: 

Metallic elements Symbols
1. Potassium (a) K
2. Sodium (b) Na
3. Calcium (c) Ca
4. Magnesium (d) Mg
5. Zinc (e) Zn
6. Aluminum (f) Al
7. Iron (g) Fe
8. Lead (h) Pb
9. Copper (i) Cu
10. Mercury (j) Hg
11. Silver (k) Ag
12. Platinum (l) Pt
13. Gold (m) Au

Question: 9. Match the non-metallic elements – with their correct symbols:

Non-metallic elements Symbols
1. Carbon (a) O
2. Chlorine (b) I
3. Oxygen (c) Si
4. Phosphorus (d) C
5. Hydrogen (e) Cl
6. Nitrogen (f) P
7. Iodine (g) F
8. Bromine (h) H
9. Fluorine (i) S
10. Silicon (j) Br
11. Sulphur (k) N

Answer:

Non-metallic elements Symbols
1. Carbon (a) C
2. Chlorine (b) Cl
3. Oxygen (c) O
4. Phosphorus (d) P
5. Hydrogen (e) H
6. Nitrogen (f) N
7. Iodine (g) I
8. Bromine (h) Br
9. Fluorine (i) F
10. Silicon (j) Si
11. Sulphur (k) S

Question: 10. Match the noble gases – with their correct symbols:

Noble gases Symbols
1. Helium (a) Ar
2. Neon (b) Xe
3. Argon (c) Rn
4. Krypton (d) He
5. Xenon (e) Kr
6. Radon (f) Ne

Answer: 

Noble gases Symbols
1. Helium (a) He
2. Neon (b) Ne
3. Argon (c) Ar
4. Krypton (d) Kr
5. Xenon (e) Xe
6. Radon (f) Rn

Question: 11. Give a reason why elements are tabulated in a table called the ‘Periodic table’.

Answer: Give a reason why elements are tabulated in a table called the ‘Periodic table’:

  • or arranging all the elements In a systematic and simple manner, the arrangement of elements was done In the form of a table called 
  • In this, elements are arranged in Increasing order of their atomic numbers.
  • Elements in the Periodic Table are arranged in Horizontal rows called  and vertical columns called 
  • . Metallic elements are placed on the , non-metallic on the  and noble gases on the  of the Periodic table.

Question: 12. Give the names and symbols of the first twenty elements of the periodic table. Differentiate them into metals, non-metals, metalloids & noble gases.

Answer: 

Metals Metalloids Non-Metals Noble Gases
Lithium-Li Boron-B Carbon-C Helium-He
Beryllium-Be Silicon-Si Nitrogen-N Neon-Ne
Sodium-Na Oxygen-O Argon-Ar
Magnesium-Mg Fluorine-F
Aluminium-Al Phosphorus-P
Potassium-K Sulphur-S
Calcium-Ca Chlorine-Cl
Scandium-Sc
Titanium-Ti

Question: 13. Explain the term – molecules. Give three examples of atoms of the same elements forming a molecule. State the atomicity of the same.

Answer: Atoms of the same element or different elements combine to form a molecule. Atoms of the same element forming a molecule

1. Oxygen ( )
2. Nitrogen ()
3. Hydrogen ()
  • Atomicity is the number of atoms present in one molecule of the element.
All the above mentioned molecules have atomicity = 2

Question: 14. Give one example of –

a] a triatomic molecule
b] a polyatomic molecule

Answer: Give examples of:-

a] Triatomic molecules: A triatomic molecule is made up of three atoms. Ozone (O3,), a form of oxygen, is a triatomic molecule. The atomicity of triatomic molecules is 3.

b] Polyatomic molecules: A polyatomic molecule is made up of more than three atoms. Phosphorus (P) as Pand sulphur (S) as Soccur in nature as polyatomic molecules. Their atomicities are 4 and 8, respectively.

Question: 15. Explain the term – compounds. Give the example of a compound containing –

a] hydrogen & oxygen
b] carbon & oxygen
c] nitrogen & oxygen
d] calcium & oxygen

Answer: A compound is a pure substance made up of two or more different elements combined chemically in a fixed proportion. Example of Atoms of different elements forming a compound:

(a) Water, 2 Atom of H and 1 atom of O = 
(b) Carbon dioxide, 1 atom of carbon and 2 atom of O = 
(c) Nitrogen dioxide, 1 atom of nitrogen 2 atom of O = 
(d) Calcium oxide, 1 atom of calcium 1 atom of O = 

Question: 16. State two characteristics of water which prove that it is a – compound.

Answer: State two characteristics of water which prove that it is a – compound:

1. Elements in a compound are present in a definite proportion.
 2 atoms of hydrogen combine with 1 atom of oxygen to give 1 molecule of water.
 (water)
So, it is a compound.
2. Compounds have a definite set of properties.
The properties of the compound water are different from the properties of the elements hydrogen and oxygen in the water.

Question: 17. Explain the term ‘chemical formula’. State what a chemical formula denotes.

Answer: The chemical formula is a representation of a substance either element or compound by means of symbols.

Chemical formula denotes the number of atoms of each element present in a compound.

Question: 18. Give the symbols and the number of atoms of each element present in –

a] sodium chloride
b] water
c] carbon dioxide
d] zinc chloride

Answer: (a) Sodium chloride 1 atom of sodium  and 1 atom of chlorine  are present.

(b) Water : 2 atoms of hydrogen  and 1 atom of oxygen  are present.
(c) Carbon dioxide 1 atom of carbon  and 2 atoms of oxygen  are present.
(d) Zinc chloride 1 atom of zinc , and 2 atoms of chlorine  are present.

Question: 19. For writing a chemical formula – ‘symbols’ & combining capacity of an element with hydrogen i.e. ‘valency’ should be known. Explain the term – combining capacity of an element i.e. valency.

Answer: For writing a chemical formula – ‘symbols’ and combining capacity of an element with hydrogen i.e. ‘valency’ should be known. Explain the term – combining the capacity of an element i.e. valency.

The combining power of an element especially as measured by the number of hydrogen atoms can combine or displace with the element.

Question: 20. State what are radicals. Give the names of the radicals –

a] NO3

b] OH

c] SO4

d] CO3

Answer: A radical is an atom or group of atom of same or different elements that behaves in the manner of positive or negative ions.

(a) – nitrate
(b)  – hydroxide
(c)  – sulphate
(d)  – carbonate

Question: 21. Match the symbols of – metallic elements – with their correct combining power or capacity.

a] K

b] Zn

c] Al

d] Na

e] Ca

Combining power or capacity – A: 3;       B: 2;         C: 1.    [positive valencies]

Answer: 

(a) K — Valency-1 (C)
(b) Zn — Valency-2 (B)
(c) Al — Valency-3 (A)
(d) Na— Valency-1 (C)
(e) Ca — Valency-2 (B)

Question: 22. Match the symbols of – non-metallic elements – with their correct combining power or capacity.

a] O

b] S

c] Cl

Combining power or capacity – A: 3;      B: 2;        C: 1.     [negative valencies]

Answer: (a) O — Valency-2 (B)

(b) S — Valency-2 (B)

(c) Cl — Valency-1 (C)

Question: 23. Match the symbols of -radicals – with their correct combining power or capacity [valency].

a] OH

b] SO4

c] NO3

d] CO3

Combining power or capacity – A: 3;       B: 2;       C: 1.       [negative valencies]

Answer: 

(a)  — Valency- 1 (C)
(b)  — Valency- 2 (B)
(c) — Valency- 1 (C)
(d)  — Valency- 2 (B)

Question: 24. Write the formula of the compound formed – given symbols & combining power or capacity [valency] or each element in the compound.

a] K1+  Cl1-

b] Na1+  Cl1-

c]  Ca2+  NO31-

Answer: 

Capacity (valency) of element

Question: 25. Match the formulas of the following – gases – with their correct names:

Gases Name
1. H2 (a) Ammonia
2. N2 (b) Nitrogen dioxide
3. O2 (c) Oxygen
4. Cl2 (d) Hydrogen
5. HCI (e) Nitrogen
6. NH3 (f) Chlorine
7. CO (g) Carbon monoxide
8. CO2 (h) Sulphur dioxide
9. SO2 (i) Nitrogen monoxide
10. NO (j) Carbon dioxide
11. NO2 (k) Hydrogen chloride

Answer: 

Gases Name
1. H2 (a) Hydrogen
2. N2 (b) Nitrogen
3. O2 (c) Oxygen
4. Cl2 (d) Chlorine
5. HCI (e) Hydrogen chloride
6. NH3 (f) Ammonia
7. CO (g) Carbon monoxide
8. CO2 (h) Carbon dioxide
9. SO2 (i) Sulphur dioxide
10. NO (j) Nitrogen monoxide
11. NO2 (k) Nitrogen dioxide

Question: 26. Match the formulas of the following – acids – with their correct names:

Acids Name
1. HCl (a) Carbonic acid
2. HNO3 (b) Sulphuric acid
3. H2SO4 (c) Hydrochloric acid
4. H2CO3 (d) Nitric acid

Answer:

Acids Name
1. HCl (a) Hydrochloric acid
2. HNO3 (b) Nitric acid
3. H2SO4 (c) Sulphuric acid
4. H2CO3 (d) Carbonic acid

Question: 27. Match the formula of the following – bases – with their correct names:

Bases Name
1. NaOH (a) Potassium hydroxide
2. KOH (b) Zinc hydroxide
3. Ca(OH)2 (c) Calcium hydroxide
4. Zn(OH)2 (d) Sodium hydroxide

Answer: 

Bases Name
1. NaOH (a) Sodium hydroxide
2. KOH (b) Potassium hydroxide
3. Ca(OH)2 (c) Calcium hydroxide
4. Zn(OH)2 (d) Zinc hydroxide

Question: 28. Complete the statements with the correct words:

a] Acids – are chemicals which are ….sour…. in teste & derived from plants & …minerals….

b] Bases – are chemicals which are hydroxides [or oxides] of …metals… eg. sodium hydroxide.

c] Salts – are chemicals formed on reaction of a base with an ….acid… giving salt & water.

Question: 29. In the chemical word equation :- Zinc + Sulphuric acid → Zinc sulphate + Hydrogen

a] State the reactants & products of the above reaction. What does the arrow indicate.
b] The molecular equation is : Zn + H2SO4 →  ZnSO4 +  H2 [g]. State what [g] represents.

Answer: (a) The chemical equation for  Zinc + Sulphuric acid giving  Zinc sulphate + Hydrogen is as follows:

                     
The reactants are zinc and sulphuric acid, whereas, the products are zinc sulphate and hydrogen.
(b) In the given molecular reaction, (g) indicates gas i.e. hydrogen is a gas.

– : End of Elements and Compounds Class-6 Dalal Simplified ICSE Chemistry Solutions Chapter-2 Unit-1 :–

Return to –  Dalal Simplified Chemistry for ICSE Class-6 Solutions

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