Five Kingdom Classification Concise ICSE Class-9 Selina Publishers

Selina Publishers Solutions for ICSE Class 9 Biology Chapter-8

Five Kingdom Classification Concise ICSE Class-9 Selina Publishers Chapter-8 . We Provide Solutions of Progress Check , MCQs, Very Short Answer Type, Short Answer Type, Long Answer Type Questions and Structured / Applications / Skill Type Questions of Exercise-8 Pollination and Fertilization. Visit official Website CISCE  for detail information about ICSE Board Class-9.

Five Kingdom Classification Concise ICSE Class-9 Selina Publishers Chapter-8


–: Select Topics :–

1_Progress Check (page-71),

2_Progress Check (page-76),

3_Progress Check (page-80),

A.MULTIPLE CHOICE TYPE,

B.VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE,

C.SHORT ANSWER TYPE,

D.LONG ANSWER TYPE

E. Structured /Application/Skill Type

Note :-  Before Viewing Concise Solutions of Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8 . Read the whole chapter carefully with figure. Focus on Characteristics of Kingdom Monera, Protista, Fungi ,Plantae and Animalia of Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8. Major Phylum of Animalia Kingdom.


1_Progress Check (page-71),Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8 Selina Biology Solutions

Question 1

Rearrange……………lowest.

Answer 1

kingdom >Phylum> Class > Genus > Species

Question 2

Tick Mark…………vertebrates

Answer 2

(i)       √

(ii)       ×

(iii)       ×

(iv)      √

(iv)     ×


2_Progress Check (page-76),Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8 Selina Biology Solutions

Question 1

Mention……………..Characteristics.

(i)  ………

(ii)  ……..

(iii)  ……

(iv)   ……….

(iv)   ………

(v)…………

(vi)…………

Answer 1

(i)  …….Phylum Porifera.

(ii)  …….. Phylum Arthropoda.

(iii)  ……  Phylum Mollusca.

(iv)   ………. Phylum Echinodermata.

(v)   ………Phylum  Nematoda

(vi)………..Phylum Platyhelminthes.

Question 2

Name…………..Invertebrates.

(i)  ………

(ii)  ……..

(iii)  ……

(iv)   ……….

(v)   ………

(vi)…………

(vii)…………

(viii)……….

(ix)………….

(x)………….

Answer 2

Animal       Phylum

(i)  ………     Annilida

(ii)  ……..     Cnidaria( Coelentrata)

(iii)  ……     Platyhelminthes

(iv)   ……….   Echinodermata

(v)   ………  Porifera

(vi)…………Nematoda

(vii)…………Arthpoda

(viii)……….Mollusca

(ix)………….Arthpoda

(x)………….Arthpoda


3_Progress Check (page-80),Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8 Selina Biology Solutions

Question 1

Listed…………..class.

Column I            Column II

Characteristics     Class

(i)  ………

(ii)  ……..

(iii)  ……

(iv)   ……….

(v)   ………

(vi)…………

(vii)…………

(viii)……….

(ix)………….

(x)………..

(xi)………

Answer 1

Column I            Column II

Class Pisces – two chamber heart, Scale.

……. Amphibia – Moist skin , Gills

……….. Reptilia-Eardrum in pit,Horny scale on skin,Three Chamber Heart( Attention that crocodile has four chamber heart which belongs to reptilia)

……….. Aves – Feathers ,Homeothermal

and   Class Mammalia– Testis in scrotum, External Ear(Pinna)

Question 2

Mention ………….each.

(i)  ………

(ii)  ……..

(iii)  ……

(iv)   ……….

(v)   ………

(vi)…………

(vii)…………

Answer 2

Class

(i)  ………Reptilia

(ii)  ……..  Aves

(iii)  ……   Amphibia

(iv)   ………. Pisces

(v)   ………  Mammalia

(vi)…………Mammalia

(vii)…………Reptilia


Review Questions

A. MULTIPLE CHOICE TYPE. Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8 Selina Biology Solutions

Question 1

The animals (Kingdom Animalia) are mainly grouped under two categories

(a) bilaterally symmetrical and radially symmetrical

(b) coelomate and acoelomate

(c) aquatic and terrestrial

(d) vertebrates and invertebrates

Answer 1

(d) vertebrates and invertebrates

Question 2

Which one of the following examples does not come under the particular group?

(a) Mushroom, Yeast, Fern – Fungi

(b) ParamoeciumEuglena, Sponge – Protista

(c) Starfish, Cuttlefish, Dogfish – Pisces

(d) Bat, Parrot, Oyster – Vertebrates

Answer 2

(d) Bat, Parrot, Oyster – Vertebrates

Question 3

Which one of the following is an example of binomial scientific name?

(a) Green alga

(b) Snow leopard

(c) Rana tigrina

(d) China-rose

Answer 3

(c)Rana tigrina

Question 4

Which one of the following is the correct statement about the respective animal(s)?

(a) Donkey and horse should be considered one single species because they can successfully mate and produce an offspring.

(b) Donkey and horse are two different genuses.

(c) Mule is a separate species.

(d) Mule is neither a donkey nor a horse.

Answer 4

(d) Mule is neither a donkey nor a horse.


B. VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8 Selina Biology Solutions

Question 1

Who had introduced the binomial system of naming living beings?

Answer 1

Carolus Linnaeus had introduced the binomial system of naming living beings.

Question 2

Which two characters out of (a)-(e) given below are common to dog, humans, squirrel, bat, camel and monkey?

(a) scales on the skin

(b) wings

(c ) external ears

(d) give birth to young ones

(e) a functional tail

Answer 2

The two characters common to dog, humans, squirrel, bat, camel and monkey are:

(c ) external ears

(d) give birth to young ones

Question 3

Match the items in Column I with as many as possible and even repeatedly from column II.

Column I Column II
1.Pine (i) Fungi
2. Earthworm (ii) Monera
3. Bread mould (iii) Prokaryote
4. Amoeba (iv) Gymnosperm
5. Moss (v) Plantae
6.Bacteria (vi) Animalia
(vii) Protista
(viii) Bryophyta

 

Answer 3

 

Column I Column II
1.Pine (iv) Gymnosperm

(v) Plantae

2. Earthworm (vi) Animalia
3. Bread
mould
(i) Fungi
4. Amoeba (vii) Protista
5. Moss (v) Plantae

(viii) Bryophyta

6.Bacteria (ii) Monera

(iii) Prokaryote


C. SHORT ANSWER TYPE Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8 Selina Biology Solutions

Question 1

Rearrange the following categories of classification in their proper sequence starting with the highest.

species, family, genus, class, order, phylum

Answer 1

Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species

Question 2

Give the scientific names of man, domestic cat, and peepal tree.

Answer 2

Man Domestic
cat
Peepal
tree
Homo
sapiens
Felis domesticus Ficus
religiosa 

 

Question 3

Why are scientific names of living beings considered better than their common names?

Answer 3

In science, people from different countries with different languages have to read about each others research. So, it was necessary to eliminate any possible confusion created by local names. Scientific names are based on certain rules which are universal. They are unique and can be used to identify an organism anywhere around the world. That is why, scientific names of living beings are considered better than their common names.

Question 4

Mention any two drawbacks in classifying organisms under the old two kingdom classification.

Answer 4

According to the ‘Two-Kingdom Classification’, proposed by Carolus Linnaeus in 1758, living organisms were classified into two broad kingdoms, Plants and Animals.

The drawbacks in classifying organisms under the old two kingdom classification are:

  1. Bacteria were kept in Kingdom Plantae. These organism shave no chlorophyll and do not carry out photosynthesis. Bacteria do not have a definite nucleus nor a nuclear membrane nor chromosomes.
  2. Fungi were kept in Kingdom Plantae. Bread mould is a multicellular fungi. However, it does not possess roots, stem and leaves, lacks chlorophyll and does bear any flowers, fruits and seeds like plants.

Question 5

All humans on earth today may differ widely in their facial features, colour, height, etc. Yet, they belong to a single species Homo sapiens. Give one reason why they are not considered belonging to different species.

Answer 5

Species means an organism of a particular kind whose members can interbreed among themselves to produce fertile young ones.

All humans on the earth today may differ widely in their facial features, colour, height, etc. Yet, they belong to a single species Homo sapiens because they can interbreed among themselves and produce a normal offpsring.

Question 6

Rewrite the following scientific names correctly.

ficus religiosa (peepal), zea Mays (maize) and Bombyx Mori (silk moth).

Answer 6

Ficus religiosa (Peepal)

Zea mays (Maize)

Bombyx mori (Silkmoth)

Question 7

Name the five kingdoms according to the new classification.

Answer 7

The five kingdoms according to the new classification are:

  1. Kingdom Monera
  2. ……….. Protista
  3. …………Fungi
  4. ……… ..Plantae
  5. and Kingdom Animalia

Question 8

What are the group names of the following categories of animals?

(a) Animals with a backbone _____________

(b) Animals with a hairy skin ___________

(c )Animals with three pairs of legs ___________

(d)Animals with feathers _________

Answer 8

(a) Animals with a backbone: Vertebrata

(b) Animals with a hairy skin: Mammalia

(c )Animals with three pairs of legs: Insecta

(d)Animals with feathers: Aves

Question 9

Which ones of the following animals are invertebrates?

Housefly, Silverfish, Trout, Jellyfish, Whale, Penguin, Lizard and Sponge

Answer 9

Invertebrate animals:

Housefly

Silverfish

Jellyfish

Sponge

Question 10

Give any one difference between each of the following :

(a) Protozoa and Metazoa,

(b) Vertebrate and Invertebrate,

(c ) Insecta and Arachnida,

(d) Flatworm and Roundworm,

Answer 10

 

(a)  difference between Protozoa and Metazoa

 

Protozoa Metazoa
Unicellular
organisms
Multi-cellular organisms

 

(b) difference between Vertebrate and Invertebrate
Vertebrates Invertebrates
Have their unique backbone with the spinal cord

 

Do not have a backbone

 

(c) difference between Insecta and Arachnida

 

Insecta Arachnida
Have three pairs of legs Have four
pairs of legs

 

(d) difference between Flatworm and Roundworm

 

Flatworm Roundworm
Dorso-ventrally flattened Cylindrical in

shape and are

tapered at

both ends

 

 

Question 11

Given below is a list of ten animals each followed by three terms or features. Underline the term which does not match with the animal.

(i) Amoeba -Nucleus, tentacle, food vacuole

(ii) Hydra – Invertebrata, Cnidaria, Crustacea

(iii) Fish – Gills, paired fins, ear drum

(iv) Earthworm – Invertebrata, Annelida, Insecta

(v) Grasshopper-Wings, trachea, proboscis

(vi) Butterfly- Insecta, Invertebrata, Mollusca

(vii) Whale – Gills, mammary glands, fat under the skin

(viii) Pigeon – Feathers, wings, hair

(ix) Monkey – External ear, sweat glands, lateral line.

(x) Bat – Aves, Mammalia, Chordata

Answer 11

(i) Amoeba – Nucleus, tentacle, food vacuole

(ii) Hydra – Invertebrata, Cnidaria, Crustacea

(iii) Fish – Gills, paired fins, ear drum

(iv) Earthworm – Invertebrata, Annelida, Insecta

(v) Grasshopper – Wings, trachea, proboscis

(vi) Butterfly – Insecta, Invertebrata, Mollusca

(vii) Whale – Gills, mammary glands, fat under the skin

(viii) Pigeon – Feathers, wings, hair

(ix) Monkey – External ear, sweat glands, lateral line

(x) Bat – Aves, Mammalia, Chordata

Question 12

Explain the meaning of the terms cold-blooded and warm-blooded (homeothermal).

Answer 12

Cold-blooded
animals
Warm-blooded
animals
These animals cannot maintain their body temperature.
Their body temperature is regulated by the external environment.
Animals whose body temperature is kept relatively constant by internal mechanisms.
E.g. Insects, Amphibians E.g. Birds, Mammals

 

Question 13

Name three animals (belonging to different classes) which breathe by means of lungs but have no external ears (pinnae).

Answer 13

  1. Class Amphibia: Tree frog
  2. ….. Reptilia: Cobra
  3. …. Aves: Duck

D. LONG ANSWER TYPE Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8 Selina Biology Solutions

Question 1

Mention any one major similarity and one major difference in the following pairs of animals:

(a) Insects and Birds

(b) Whales and Fishes

(c ) Snakes and Earthworms

(d) Bat and Pigeon

(e) Cuttlefish and Dogfish

(f) Wall lizard and Frog

Answer 1

(a) Similarity and Difference between Insects and Birds

 

Similarity Difference
Have wings Insects Birds
Invertebrates Vertebrates

 

(b) Similarity and Difference between Whales and Fishes

 

Similarity Difference
Aquatic Whales Fishes
Have lungs for breathing Have gills for breathing

 

(c)Similarity and Difference between Snakes and Earthworms

 

Similarity Difference
Do not have any limbs Snakes Earthworm
Vertebrates Invertebrates

 

(d) Similarity and Difference between Bat and Pigeon

 

Similarity Difference
Breathe through lungs Bat Pigeon
Have external ears Have internal ears

 

(e) Similarity and Difference between Cuttlefish and Dogfish

 

Similarity Difference
Marine animals Cuttlefish Dogfish
Invertebrates Vertebrates

 

(f) Similarity and Difference between Wall lizard and Frog

 

Similarity Difference
Cold-blooded animals Wall lizard Frog
Completely adapted to life on land Live partly on land and partly in water

 

Question 2

Match the names of animal groups in Column I with the names of animals in column II.

Column I (Group) Column II (Animals)
Annelida Pigeon
Porifera Snake
Mollusca Earthworm
Reptilia Sponge
Amphibia Octopus
Pisces Trout
Mammal Rabbit

Which names are left out that do not match and why?

Answer 2

Column I Column II
Annelida Earthworm
Porifera Sponge
Mollusca Octopus
Reptilia Snake
Pisces Trout
Mammal Rabbit

Amphibia from Column I and Pigeon from column II are left out. They do not match as Pigeon comes under Class Aves and not Class Amphibia.


 Five Kingdom Classification Chapter-8, E. STRUCTURED/APPLICATION/SKILL TYPE

Question 1

TYRANNOSAURUS

(One of the extinct animals which lived on the Earth about 100,000,000 years ago) Tyrannosaurus was about six metres long and it preyed upon other animals.

dayannosaurus

What do you think about its classification-was it an amphibian, a reptile or a mammal?

Can you call it a relative of Kangaroo? Yes/No. Give reason

Answer 1

No, it is not a relative of Kangaroo as Kangaroo is a mammal and Tyrannosaurus is a reptile.

Characteristics of Tyrannosaurus:
  1. Body has scales which may be horny
  2. Lays eggs which have a leathery shell
  3. One of the dinosaurs which moved on the earth. These ruled the earth. Some were vegetarian, others were non-vegetarian. Archaeopteryx is a link between reptiles and birds. Its fossils have been found, which vanished from the earth due to ice-age.
  4. Had three-chambered heart as ventricles are partially divided
  5. Cold-blooded animals

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