History And Civics 2016 Solved Paper Previous Year ICSE Question
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History And Civics 2016 Solved Paper Previous Year Question
Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
This time is to be spent in reading the Question Paper.
The time given at the head of this paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.
Attempt all questions from Section I and any four questions from Section II.
The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].
ICSE History And Civics 2016 (Solved)
Section -1 (40 Marks)
(Attempt All questions from this section)
(a) What is meant by ‘Residuary Powers’ of the Parliament ?  (b) What is the normal term of office of the Lok Sabha ?  (c) State any one subject wherein the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha enjoy co-equal powers in legislation of laws.  (d) Who presides over the meeting of the Rajya Sabha in the absence of the Vice-President of India ?  (e) By whom and on whose advice are the Council of Ministers appointed ?  (f) Name the official procedure by which the President can be removed.  (g) Mention any one important occasion when the President addresses a Joint Session of Parliament.  (h) Name the highest Civil Court in a District.  (i) What is meant by the term ‘Judicial Review’ of the High Court ?  (j) What is meant by ‘Lok Adalat’ ? 
(a) The Parliament can make laws with respect to all those matter which are not mentioned in any of the three lists-the union list, the state list and the concurrent list.
(b) 5 years.
The Union Parliament has co-equal powers with the State Legislatures over the 47 subjects mentioned in the concurrent list.
If there is a conflict between the laws passed by the Union Parliament and a State Legislature on the subject mentioned in the concurrent list, the law passed by the Union Government prevails.
In all the matters of the legislation including the constitutional amendment, the extent of the Rajya Sabha’s power is same as that of the Lok Sabha.
All bills other than the money bills may be introduced in either house and follow the same procedure. (any one)
(d) Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha who is elected from amongst its members, presides over the meeting of the Rajya Sabha in the absence of the Vice-President of India.
(e) President of India appoints Council of Ministers on the advice of Prime Minister of India.
(g) If there is deadlock between the two houses while passing an Ordinary bill in the parliament, the President calls for joint session of both the houses.
Court of the District Judge.
(i) The High Court has the power to exercise Judicial Review and judge the validity of law.
If any law, executive order of any ordinance passed by the state legislature or any authority infringes the fundamental rights or contravenes any provision of the constitution the High court can declares it null and void.
(j) Lok Adalat means The People Court. These courts were set up to provide legal aid and quick justice to those who are not in a position to engage lawyers or bear the expenses of the legal proceeding. This eliminated high costs and delay in imparting Justice.
(a) What impact did the uprising of 1857 have on the Mughal Rule ?  (b) Name the Presidents who presided over the first two Sessions of the Indian National Congress.  (c) State two reasons given by Lord Curzon to justify the Partition of Bengal.  (d) Name the famous Pact that demonstrated the unity between the Congress and the Muslim League. When was it signed ?  (e) Why was the Congress session held at Lahore in 1929 significant to the National Movement ?  (f) Mention any two contributions of the IN A to the National Movement.  (g) Why was Mountbatten’s Plan finally accepted by the Congress ?  (h) What made Japan surrender to the Allies in August 1945 ?  (i) State the full forms of the following agencies of the United Nations : UNICEF and UNESCO.  (j) Give any two examples of Human Rights violations. 
(a) The Mughal Empire which had lost its prestige after the life imprisonment of Bahadur Shah, was completely wiped out as an impact of the uprising of 1857.
(b) First session of Indian National Congress was presided by W.C. Banneijee in Mumbai in 1885.
Second session of India National Congress was presided by Dadabhai Naoroji in Kolkata in 1886.
Lord Curzons Argument: The area of Bengal was too large and it was difficult for the British to administer efficiently. Secondly, to divide bengalis on religious and territorial ground to weaken the growing nationalism in Bengal. Hence according to Lord Curzon, Partition of Bengal was a administrative necessity.
(d) Lucknow pact demonstrated the unity between the congress and the Muslim League. It was signed in 1916.
(e) The Lahore session was considered historic because under the guidance of congress president Jawaharlal Nehru a resolution for Pooma Swaraj (complete independance), was passed in this session. It was in this session, the Indian National Flag was hoisted and the pledge for independence was taken by the Leaders of the congress.
Contributions of INA:
The INA along with Japanese army overran many territories in south east asia. They captured the strong military post klang Klang.
They gave tough fight to the british forces in assam hills and captured Ukhral and Kohima. The heroic acts of INA inspired Indians.
The Congress accepted the Mountbatten plan due to following reasons:
The Muslim League had obstructed the smooth functioning of the Interim Government earlier so it was difficult for Congress to accept it as an ally in Government.
A smaller united and strong India was better than a big but weak country.
Large scale communal riots and loss of lives and property had clearly shown that much more bloodshed will occur if partition was done.
Any further delay in the transfer of power could bring civil war in India as British were instigating the rulers of the native states for freedom.
The Congress felt that partition would do away with communal electorates and other undemocratic procedures. (any two)
Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by United State caused significant damage to these cities of Japan. Huge number of casualties caused by the bombs dropped on these cities which made Japan to surrender to the Allies in August 1945.
(i)UNICEF—United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. UNESCO—United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.
(j) Human right violated in Afghanistan. For example :