ISC Geography 2010 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

ISC Geography 2010 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and 2. By the practice of Geography 2010 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

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ISC Geography 2010 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

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(Maximum Marks: 70)
(Time allowed: Three hours)

(Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper.They must NOT start writing during this time.)

  • Answer Part I which are compulsory.
  • Answer any four questions from Part II.
  • Sketch maps and diagrams should be drawn wherever they serve to illustrate your answer.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

PART – I (30 Marks)

Answer all questions.

ISC Geography 2010 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved 

Question 1:
(i) Give two reasons to explain why India is called a subcontinent.
(ii) The figure given below represents a section through the Himalayas, from the Kunlun Mountains to the Ganga Plains.
 represents a section through the Himalayas, from the Kunlun Mountains to the Ganga Plains.

Identify the four relief features marked.

(a) Mention one difference between the Konkan and the Malabar coast.
(b) Why are there more ports along the Western coast than along the Eastern coast ?
(iv) Mention two reasons to explain why there is a higher percentage of forest cover in Northeast India.
(v) What is the difference between metro cities and mega cities ? Give one example of each type of city.
(vi) Explain the difference between crop rotation and double cropping.
(vii) Why are synthetic fibers widely used for manufacturing a large variety of fabrics ?
(viii) Explain how industrial inertia is a factor affecting the location of industries. Give two examples.
(ix) What was the need for the construction of the Jawaharlal Nehru Port ? Mention an important characteristic of this port.
(x) Mention two detrimental effects of tourism on the surrounding environment.
Answer 1:
(i) India is separated from the rest of Asia in the north by a chain of lofty mountains, oceans and season all the three sides. The entire region comes under the influence of the tropical monsoons giving it a distinctive climatic pattern. Due to the vastness and diversities, India is considered to be a sub-continent.



A – Outer Himalayas as Shiwalik range.
B – Duns or Duars.
C – Middle or Lesser Himalayas or Himanchal.
D – Inner Himalayas or Himadri.
E – Tibetian Plateau.


(a) Konkan Coast is characterized with estuaries while the Malabar Coast is characterized with lagoons and backwaters,
(b) The Eastern coastal plains have more or less a straight coast where good ports are lacking while the Western coastal plains have indented coast which supports many ports.

(iv) The forests in Northeast India are found in hot humid areas with an average annual rainfall of above 200 cm and the relative humidity is more than 70%. The average temperature is 24°C. Hilly topography, favourable climate specially rainfall and temperature are responsible for the high concentration of forests. Moreover, NE India is relatively undeveloped and lack industrialisation and population density is also low. As a result, mass falling or cutting down of trees has not taken place.

(v) Metro cities have the population of about 1 million, e.g. Kanpur, Pune. Megacities have the population of about 5 million, e.g. Kolkata, Mumbai.

(vi) Crop Rotation: Crops are grown in rotation one after the other to maintain fertility of the soil. Pulses or leguminous crops are grown after cereal crops or cotton or sugarcane.

Double Cropping : Growing of two or more crops in the same land in one year. It requires the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and a steady water supply.

(vii) Synthetic fibers are widely used for manufacturing a large variety of fabrics because of their special qualities like strength, durability, liability, workability, washability and resistant to wrinkles and shrinkage.

(viii) Industries tend to develop at the place of their original establishment though the original cause has already disappeared. A good example the Lock industry at Aligarh and Bidi industry at Jabalpur.

(ix) The main purpose of Jawaharlal Nehru Port is to relieve pressure on Mumbai Port. The main characteristics of this port are :

  1. Most of the operations are conducted with the help of computers. It has a container terminal also.
  2. The sea is quite deep near the port and there will be no need for dredging in this port.

(x) The unplanned and unchecked growth of tourist centers deprive them of their original charm and beauty and prove detrimental for places like Shimla, Darjeeling and Mussoorie. Even drinking water is not available to cater for the tourists.

The areas around the tourist spots are covered by commercial constructions and industries. Such unplanned growth tarnishes the image of the concerned spot, e.g. Taj Mahal, Meenakshi Temple.

Question 2:      ISC Geography 2010 Class-12
On the outline map of India provided :
(a) Shade and name one area prone to floods.
(b) Shade and name the hinterland of Kolkata port.
(c) Locate and name the thermal power station in Orissa f*
(d) Mark and name the largest center of electronic goods.
(e) Locate and name the diesel locomotive manufacturing center in central India.
(f) Locate and name a tea exporting port in South India.
(g) Trace the course of an east flowing river in South India.
(h) Shade and name the state which is the first to experience the southwest monsoon.
(i) Draw the railway route between Chennai and Kolkata.
(j) Locate and name of oli refinery belonging to the private sector
Answer 2:
On the outline map of India provided


Answer any four questions

ISC Geography 2010 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

Question 3:
(a) With reference to the Western Ghats, answer the following questions : [2]
(i) What is another name for them ?
(ii) Give two characteristic features of this relief division.

(i) What is the El Nino? [2] (ii) How does it affect the climate of India ?

(i) What is meant by the variability of rainfall ? [2] (ii) How does this variability affect agriculture?
(d) Give a reason for each of the following : [2]
(i) Delhi has rain in December-January.
(ii) Kolkata has a little rain in April.
(e) Mention any four aims of the revised Forest Policy of 1988. [2] Answer 3:

(i) Another name for Western Ghats is Sahyadris.
(ii) 1. It stands like a continuous wall and can be crossed through passes only.
2. The western slope of this range is step¬like.

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