ISC Geography 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

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ISC Geography 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

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Sections-A of Part-I

Section-B of Part-I


(Maximum Marks: 70)
(Time allowed: Three hours)

(Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper.They must NOT start writing during this time.)

  • Answer Section A and B from Part I which are compulsory.
  • Answer any four questions from Part II.
  • Sketch maps and diagrams should be drawn wherever they serve to illustrate your answer.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

PART – I (30 Marks)
Answer all questions.

ISC Geography 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved 

Question 1. [10 x 2]
(i) Why is the location of India in the Indian Ocean considered to be significant ? Give two reasons.
(ii) With reference to the extent of India, write the angular values of the points marked as (a), (b), (c) and (d) in the map given below :
ISC Geography Question Paper 2019 Solved for Class 12 1









(iii) Name the four Indian geological eras in their chronological order.
(iv) Briefly explain any two factors responsible for the depletion of forests in India.
(v) Mention any two differences between the Bhabar and the Tarai regions.
(vi) Briefly explain the following terms :
(a) Psychological Density
(b) Conurbation
(vii) State two problems affecting the fishing industry in Bangladesh.
(viii) Name one mining centre for each of the following :
(a) Mica in Andhra Pradesh
(b) Iron ore in Odisha
(ix) Name the two terminals of the East-West corridor.
(x) What is an agro-based industry ? Which is the largest agro-based industry in India ?
(i) India stands at the head of the Indian Ocean at the very center of the Eastern Hemisphere commanding trade routes running in all directions. It’s location, size and economic resources have made it the most dominating country among the littoral states. It serves as a great linkage between the countries lying on its coasts and further beyond. Thus, the location of India in the Indian Ocean is considered to be significant.



(a) Western longitude 68° 7′ East.
(b) Standard Meridian 82° 30′ East.
(c) Eastern Longitude 97° 25′ East.
(d) Tropic of cancer 23° 30′ North.

(iii) The four Indian geological eras in their chronological order are the Archean era (Early Pre-Cambrian), the Purana era (Late Pre-Cambrian), the Dravidian era (400-570 million years old), and the Aryan era (400 million years old to the present).

(iv) Factors responsible for the depletion of forests in India are :

  1. Thoughtless and rapid exploitation of forest resources as per the demand of the increasing population.
  2. For acquiring land for agriculture, industries and construction purposes, the forests have been cut down recklessly.

(v) Bhabar Region

  1. It lies along the foot of the Shiwaliks from Indus to Tista, about 8 to 16 kms wide.
  2. It comprises of pebble-studded rocks with porous beds so it is not suited for agriculture.

Tarai Region

  1. It lies to the south of the Bhabar and runs parallel to it, about 20 to 30 kms wide.
  2. It is composed of comparatively finer alluvium and is reclaimed for agriculture.


(a) There is a spelling error in the question paper, it should be physiological density rather than psychological density. Physiological density is the ratio of the total population of the country to the total cultivated area of the country.
(b) Conurbation is an extended urban area, typically consisting of several towns merging with the suburbs of a central city.

(vii) Problems affecting the fishing industry in Bangladesh :

  1. Severe tropical cyclones which frequently originate in the Bay of Bengal pose a serious threat to fishermen.
  2. The present fish catch is still on a small scale, the boats are small and the methods used for fishing are traditional and inefficient.


(a) Nellore district.
(b) Keonjhar or Mayurbhanj districts.

(ix) The two terminals of the East-West corridor are Silcher in Assam and Porbandar in Gujarat.


(x) Agro-based industries are the ones that depend on the raw materials produced in the agricultural sector. These are mostly consumer goods industries which are important both in respect of their contribution to total industrial output as well as to employment. The largest agro-based industry in India is the cotton textile industry


Solved Previous Year Question Papers for ISC Geography 2019 of Class-12 

Question 2. [10]
On the outline map of India provided :
(a) Mark and name the northernmost point of the Indian Union.
(b) Mark and label the Nilgiri Hills.
(c) Shade and label the Gulf of Khambat.
(d) Trace the course and label the river Mahanadi.
(e) Show with a single arrow and name the wind that brings rain over the coast of Tamil Nadu, during winters.
(f) Locate with a dot and name the capital city of Rajasthan.
(g) Mark and name the Nathula Pass.
(h) Mark and name the oldest oil-field of India.
(i) Mark with a dot and name the major port of Andhra Pradesh.
(j) Mark and label the hinterland of Chennai.
Note : All the map work, including legend (Index) should be done on the map sheet only.
ISC Geography Question Paper 2019 Solved for Class 12 2

PART – II (40 Marks)
Answer any four questions.

Previous Year Question Papers Solved for ISC Geography 2019 of Class-12

Question 3.
(a) Briefly explain the geological evolution of the Himalayas. [3] (b) Explain giving any two reasons why the deltas of the river Mahanadi suffer from occasional floods. [2] (c) Study the temperature and rainfall graph of station X given below and answer the questions that follow : [3] ISC Geography Question Paper 2019 Solved for Class 12 3

(i) Is the location of station X inland or coastal ?
(ii) What is the cause of sudden fall of temperature in July, even though it is a summer month ?
(iii) Mention one main feature of the climate experienced by the station X.
(d) What is Agro-forestry ? Mention any two benefits of Agro-forestry. [2] Answer-3:
(a) The Himalayan ranges were formed when the Indian plate was driven northwards and pushed beneath the Eurasian Plate. With the advance of the Indian Plate towards the north, the Tethys started contracting about 65-70 million years ago. About 30-60 million years ago, the two plates came closer and the Tethys sea crust began to fracture into thrust edges. About 20-30 million years ago, the Himalayan ranges started emerging.

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