ISC Political Science 2017 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

ISC Political Science 2017 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and 2 (Section-A and B). By the practice of Political Science 2017 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

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ISC Political Science 2017 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

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Sections-A of Part-2

Section-B of Part-2

Maximum Marks: 80
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 (Compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II, choosing two questions from Section A, two questions from Section B and one question from either Section A or Section B.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part-I (20 Marks)

Answer all questions

ISC Political Science 2017 Class-12 

Question 1.
Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (x): [10 x 2]
(i) State two features of a liberal democratic state.
(ii) Distinguish between a flexible constitution and a rigid constitution.
(iii) Distinguish between bi-party system and multi-party system.
(iv) Give one reason why it is important for a federal state to have a bicameral legislature.
(v) Distinguish between political executive and permanent executive.
(vi) In which landmark case was judicial review first exercised by the Supreme Court of the United States ?
(vii) Why is November 26 celebrated as Constitution Day in India ?
(viii) Which fundamental right was removed by the 44th Constitutional Amendment ?
(ix) Briefly explain the composition of the Zilla Parishad.
(x) What is meant by communalism in the Indian context ?
Answer 1:
(i) Features of Liberal Democratic State : Majority Rule : One of the features of liberal-democracy is that it is operated under the principle of majority rule. When major national decisions are taken the will of the majority is obtained through a free and fair elections referendum or poll.

Protection of Minority Interests : In spite of the fact that majority rule is practiced, the interests of the minority are respected and attempts are made to protect those interests.

(ii) A flexible constitution is one which can be amended in an ordinary legislative process by the ordinary legislature. A Constitutional law and an ordinary law are treated alike.

A rigid constitution is one which cannot be amended, in the manner in which ordinary laws are passed, amended or repealed. If a special procedure or organ is needed for its amendment, it is a rigid constitution.

(iii) In a Bi-party system, power usually changes between two main parties. Several other parties may exist, contest elections and win a few seats in the national legislature. But only the two main parties have a serious chance of winning majority of seats to form government.

When several parties compete for power and more than two parties have reasonable chance of coming to power either on their own strength or in alliance with others, it is known as a multi-party system.

(iv) The term “bicameral legislature” refers to any law-making body of government that consists of two separate houses or chambers, such as the House of Representatives and the House of States. Bicameral legislatures enforce an effective system of checks and balances preventing the enactment of laws unfairly impacting or favouring certain factions of the government or the people in a federal system.

(v) Political Executives :

  • They are political leaders.
  • They are elected for a specific period. Permanent Executives :
  • They are civil servants selected through an exam conducted by UPSC.
  • They are appointed on long-term basis or permanent basis their term is not as short as that of poltical executives.

(vi) Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803), was a landmark case in which the Supreme Court formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution. The land-mark decision helped define the boundary between the constitutionally separate executive and judicial branches of the American form of government.

(vii) Constitution Day in India is celebrated every year on 26th of November as the Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th of November in the year 1949 and came into force on 26th of January in 1950.

(viii) By the 44th Amendment to the Constitution, the Right to Property was removed as a fundamental right and instead, a new provision was added to the Constitution i.e., Article 300-A.

(ix) A District Panchayat or Zilla Parishad is co-terminous with the district. Each district has one Zilla Parishad. This is the top tier of Panchayati Raj constituted at the district level by the Panchayat Samitis or Mandals. Most members of the Zilla Parishad are elected.

The composition of the Zilla Parishad is as follows :

  • 10-25 members elected directly by all voters falling within the area of the Zilla Parishad. Approximately 50,000 voters elect one representative.
  • All Chairpersons of Panchayat Samitis falling within the area of the Zilla Parishad.
  • MP’s and MLA’s representing the area.
  • MPs and MLAs who names are registered in any constituency with the Zilla Parishad area.
  • Women representation.
  • SC/ST representation.
  • OBC representation.

(x) Communalism implies a strong sense of belonging to a particular religious commu-nity to the exclusion of others. The concept of communalism holds that religious distinc¬tion is the most fundamental and over-riding distinction that separates a particular community from others. Communalism as evident from the rise of politics based on religious identity has been an important factor in the Indian Political System.The relationship between communalism and Indian politics was institutionalized in 1909 by the Minto-Morley Reforms and subsequently through the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919 which led to separate electorates. Though the system was abolished in 1947, the germs of communalism remained in independent India as well.

Part-II (60 Marks)

Answer any three questions

Previous Year Question Papers for ISC Political Science 2017 of Class-12 Solved

Question 2.
(a) What are the characteristics of a federal state? [6] (b) Explain why India is characterized as a quasi federal state f [6] Answer 2:
(a) Division of Powers : In a federal government, the powers of administration are divided between the center and the units. The powers may be distributed in one of the two ways. Either the Constitution states what powers the federal authority shall have and leaves the remainder to the federating units, or it states what powers the federating units shall possess and leaves the remainder to the federal authority.

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