ISC Political Science 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

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ISC Political Science 2019 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved


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Part-I

Sections-A of Part-II

Section-B of Part-II


Maximum Marks: 80
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 (Compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II, choosing two questions from Section A, two questions from Section B and one question from either Section A or Section B.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part-I (20 Marks)
Answer all questions

ISC Political Science 2019 Class-12 

Question 1.
Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (x): [10 x 2] (i) State two features of a unitary state.
(ii) Explain one way in which the Constitution of the United States can be amended.
(iii) State one reason why minorities should be properly represented in legislatures.

(iv) Explain what is meant by the constituent function of the Legislature.
(v) State any two executive powers of the President of India.
(vi) What is the composition of the Supreme , Court of India ?
(vii) What is meant by single citizenship as a salient feature of the Constitution of India ?
(viii) Cite one example of implementation of a Directive Principle.
(ix) Which fundamental right is a remedy for the violation of other fundamental rights ?

(x) Explain the meaning of communal ism, in the Indian context.
Answer-1:
(i) An all powerful Single Central Government : A unitary state vests all powers in a Single Government at the center who has supreme authority over the State. It legislates for the whole State by itself. The Central government delegates certain powers to the local governments.
Local government exists due to the Central government : The local governments are directed by the Center about all the work they do. The powers and functions of the local government can change at the whims and fancies of the Central government.

(ii) The American Constitution is a very rigid constitution. The process of amendment of the constitution is a difficult one. An amendment becomes a part of the constitution only after clearing two stages. First, the proposal for an amendment has to be initiated and passed either by a 2/3rd majority in both the Houses of the Congress or by a special constitutional convention called by the Congress when asked to do by 2/3rd of all the states legislatures. Secondly, after clearing the first stage, the amendment has to secure a ratification either by 3/4th of the several state legislatures or by special conventions in 3/4th states.

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(iii) The minorities need proper representation in the legislature to help make laws that are conducive to their empowerment. Ample representation will help them put forward their issues in the legislature and find solutions accordingly.

(iv) The legislature has the power to amend the constitution. For this purpose, the legislature makes laws called amendments, which are in accordance with the rules laid down in constitution. This is the constituent function of the Legislature.

(v) Article 53 declares that the President is the head of Executive in a state/country. All Executive actions need to be taken in his name. He appoints the Prime Minister and other ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.
He also appoints the Chief Justice of India and on the CJI’s advice appoints other judges of the Supreme Court.

(vi) The Constitution of India provides for a Supreme Court with a Chief Justice and not more than 30 judges who are appointed by the President of India with consultation of the Chief Justice of India. .

(vii) Despite dual polity  Separate central governments, the Constitution of India adopted Single Citizenship system. This means that irrespective of which state the citizens live in, all of them are only Indian citizens. They are not the citizens of Assam, Rajasthan or Bihar, but that of India. They are all, entitled equal rights by the constitution. Federal countries like the US, Australia and Switzerland have the system of dual citizenship where all the residents are citizens of both the state they live in as well as that of the country.

(viii) Established in 1950, the .Planning Com-mission was set to take up the development of the country in an orderly and planned way. Introduction and Implementation of the Five Year plans aim at improving the socio¬economic status of the citizens. These are both, examples of implementation of Directive principles

(ix) The Right to Constitutional Remedies, Article 32, provides for the enforcement and protection of Fundamental rights. This right makes all the other rights effective. It gives the citizens the power to move to the Supreme Court in case of violation of other rights.

(x) Communalism implies a strong sense of belonging to a particular religious community to the exclusion of others. The concept of communalism holds that religious distinction is the most fundamental and overriding distinction that separates a particular community from others. Communalism, as evident from the rise of politics based on religious identity, has been an important factor in the Indian political system.The relationship between comm-unalism and Indian politics was institu -tionalized in 1909 by the Minto-Morley Reforms and subsequently through the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919 which led to separate electorates. Though the system was abolished in 1947, the germs of communalism remained in independent India as well.


Part-II (60 Marks)

Section—A
Answer any three questions

Previous Year Question Papers for ISC Political Science 2019 of Class-12 Solved

Question 2.
(a) Discuss any three features of a liberal democratic state. [6] (b) Explain any three features of a parliamentary form of government. [6] Answer-2:
(a) A Liberal democratic state is based on the ideology of a representative democracy with liberal outlook that focuses special attention on minorities and weaker sections. This outlook can be seen in the Indian Constitution.
Features :
1. It is characterized by fair, free and competitive elections between multiple distinct political parties.

2. In a liberal democracy, the role of the executive is defined and limited. Political executive undertakes policy formation and permanent executive implements these decisions.

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