ISC Psychology 2018 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved

ISC Psychology 2018 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and Part-2 (Section A , Section-B). By the practice of Psychology 2018 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

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ISC Psychology 2018 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper

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 Section-A Part-II

 Section-B Part-II

Maximum Marks: 70
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 from Part I and five questions from Part II,
  • choosing two questions from Section A and three questions from Section B.
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part – I (20 Marks)
Answer all questions.

ISC Psychology 2018 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper 

Question 1: [20]
Answer briefly all the questions (i) to (xx) :
(i) Who put forward the General Adaptation Syndrome model of stress ?
(ii) Define personality according to All port.
(iii) What is meant by abnormal behavior ?
(iv) Name one information processing theory of intelligence.
(v) Explain the term central trait.
(vi) What is counter transference ?
(vii) How is discrimination related to prejudice ?
(viii) What is attribution ?
(ix) Explain the term super ego.
(x) State any two symptoms of histrionic personality disorder.
(xi) What is the difference between interest and achievement ?
(xii) Name the principle on which Id functions.
(xiii) Who put forward the theory of moral
development ?
(xiv) What is meant by intelligence ?
(xv) State two characteristics of Generalized Anxiety Disorder.
(xvi) What is meant by the term psychoanalysis ?
(xvii) Explain the term relaxation training.
(xviii) What is meant by gender stereotype ?
(xix) Explain the term belief.
(xx) What is meant by the term puberty ?
Answer 1:
(i) Hans Selye in 1936, put forward the General Adaptation Syndrome model of stress.

(ii) According to G. All port, “Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought.”

(iii) Abnormal behavior of individual is marked by limited intelligence, emotional instability, personality disorganization and character defects, who for the most part, have led wretched personal lives and become social misfits or liabilities.

(iv) Triarchic theory of Intelligence.


(v) The term Central Trait by All port refers to general characteristics that form the foundation, or most descriptive trait of an individuals personality. These are the characteristics by which you might describe a person such as honest, hard-working, intelligent, out-going etc.

(vi) In psychotherapy the therapist may transfer his attitude or feelings to the patient which originated outside the therapy situation.

(vii) Discrimination is the behavioral manifestation of prejudice. Members of a particular community, class or group are treated in a particular way, i.e. either positively or negatively, because of belonging to a particular community, class, gender or caste and not because of any other genuine or personal factors

(viii) Attribution is the process through which we seek to determine the causes behind others’ behavior.

(ix) According to Freud, Super ego is akin to conscience which incorporates the moral standard and values of parents, and rules and norms of society which cautions the person to remain firmly on the right path.


(x) 1. Using proactive or sexually seductive behavior to draw attention.
2. Adopt a speech style to impress others.

(xi) Interest is what one enjoys doing, while achievement is the knowledge or skill a person acquires for something after the person has been trained in it.

(xii) There is only one principle, on which Id functions, i.e., seeking of pleasure.

(xiii) Piaget and Kohlberg are the two psychologists who have described in detail the ways in which an individuals become a moral being.

(xiv) Intelligence is mental quality that consists of the abilities to learn from experience, adapt to new situations, understand and handle abstract
concepts, and use know-ledge to manipulate one’s environment.

(xv) In generalized anxiety disorder,

  • Distress and uneasiness are persistent,
  • Painful and is spread across multiple situation.

(xvi) Psychoanalysis is a method of psycho-therapy in which therapist attempts to bring repressed unconscious material into conscious.

(xvii) Relaxation training describes bodily reactions in calm, meditative emotional states.

(xviii) Gender stereotypes are over simplified ideas, messages and images about differences between males and females. It is based on the child’s personality, behavior, appearance, skills and interests.


(xix) Beliefs are an acceptance that something exists or is true, especially without proof or any logic.

(xx) Puberty is the period during which the capability for sexual reproduction is attained. It is marked by changes in both primary and secondary sexual characteristics.

Part — II (50 Marks)

Section — A
Answer any two questions.

ISC Psychology 2018 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper

Question 2:
(a) Explain the various subsets of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. [6]
(b) Give any four reasons for assessing Interest. [4]
Answer 2:
(a) Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Wechsler (1939)-“Intelligence is the aggregate of global capacity to understand the world, think rationally and use resources effectively when faced with challenges.”

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), has received some adverse criticism for the 1939 version. The principle changes are in the improved content, extension of the standardization population sample, and improved direction for administering and scoring. WAIS, has six subsets that constitute the verbal scale and five in the performance scale. It is used for 16 to 64 years and takes one hour. As below

Information test : This test consists of items of information covering a wide range. It consists of 29 questions covering a variety of topics which an adult should know about the virtue of having lived in a culture. Along with vocabulary, the information test is less affected by ageing or pathology. Still, the repressive person will often poorly perform while the pedantic and obsessive individual will score higher often giving pretentious responses.

Comprehension test : Includes fourteen items in which the subject is asked to explain why certain practices are followed, to interpret proverbs and what should be done under such circumstances. For example, if one finds a stamped addressed envelop on the street.

Arithmetic test : It requires the subject to solve fourteen problems, found in the grade- school arithmetic tests. Problems are orally presented and paper and pencil cannot be used.

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