ISC Sociology 2014 Class-12 Previous Year Question Papers Solved

ISC Sociology 2014 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved for practice. Step by step Solutions with Questions of Part-1 and Part-2. By the practice of Sociology 2014 Class-12 Solved Previous Year Question Paper you can get the idea of solving.

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ISC Sociology 2014 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved

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Maximum Marks: 70
Time allowed: Three hours

  • Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  • Answer Question 1 from Part I and five questions from Part II,
  • The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

Part – I (20 Marks)
Answer all questions.

ISC Sociology 2014 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved

Question 1:
Answer briefly each of the questions : [10×2]
(i) Mention any two features of Tribal Law.
(ii) What is meant by phratry?
(iii) Define probationary marriage.
(iv) Mention any two features of nuclear family.
(v) Define status f
(vi) Explain Kulinism.
(vii) Mention two reasons why law is obeyed in primitive societies.
(viii) Mention any two determinants of status according to Malinowski.
(ix) What is Fetishism?
(x) Explain the term ‘modernization’.
Answer 1:    (ISC Sociology 2014 Class-12 )
(iv) Nuclear family is a group that comprises a man, his wife and their children, both biological or adopted. It is basically an independent family. It is generally said that the members of a nuclear family always live together in the same household. The nuclear family is divided into-a) complete nuclear family and incomplete nuclear family. Two important features of a nuclear family are :
Nuclear family is smaller in size : It is comprised of immediate family members such as husband and wife, and their child/children. Sometimes the family may have a single parent and his/her child/ children.

Nuclear family is grounded on a very strong bond of emotion and sentiment : It is built upon sentiments of love, devotion, affection, sympathy, cooperation and friendship owing to the fact that there are just a few immediate members in the family,

(viii) Malinowski and Lowie have pointed out four different things as determinants for the status of women in tribal societies :

Actual treatment : What What sort of treatment is given to women is a key factor in determining their status. Are they sufficiently cared for ? Are they given the opportunity to realize their potentials ? Do they share feelings and likings with the male counterparts ? These are some of the questions that need to be considered in determining their actual status.

Legal status : Legal status refers to acceptable roles’ that are considered fit for women. For example, the Toda women are not allowed to take part in dairy activities though dairy is the principal source of economy for them. At the same time they are pampered and cared for by the male members. Hence, though their legal status is low, their social status can hardly be considered to be low.


Opportunity for social participation : It refers to the scope of opportunity that women are given to participate in household activities and religious rituals.

Character and extent of work : It refers to the types of work women are subjected to in the family and society, and to what extent such works are valued.
They felt that these are to be considered while examining the status of the women in tribal society.

(x) Modernization is a process whereby people cast aside the traditional outlook on reality and accept changes characterized by freedom of choice, self-affirmation, sense of self-confidence, high degree of social mobility, realization of innate potential to think and act independently, etc..,
Modernization implies freedom of choice and expression, free access to new ‘experiences, high aspirations, self-assertion and confidence. Man does not depend on destiny and ascribed status. There is a high degree of social mobility in modernized society. People want to achieve something with their ability to work hard, using their innate intellectual and other capabilities. Industrial centers provide such free choices to all.

Part – II (50 Marks)
Answer any five questions.

ISC Sociology 2014 Class-12 Previous Year Question Paper Solved

Question 2:
(a) What are kinship terms? Discuss the types of kinship terms. [5] (b) Discuss the kinship usage of avoidance. [5] Answer 2:
(a) In every society people make use of special terms/names to differentiate between the different kins. E.g. terms like father, mother, uncle, aunt, brother, sister, etc. These terms in social anthropology are termed as kinship terminology. In other words, these kinship terminologies classify our relatives and their relationships. There are two types of kinship terminology systems that are used widely:

  • Descriptive
  • Classificatory.

Descriptive terminology : It is used to specify or describe the person’s direct blood relationship with the person being addressed e.g. when I say my father, my mother, then I am talking about my biological parents and no one. else. Therefore, the two terms father and mother are descriptive terminologies. Some of its characteristic features are :
1. These terms refer to blood relationship with the particular person.
2. These terms keep the collateral lines clear and distinct from each other.

Classificatory terminology : These are terms which are used to relate to more than one relations in a kinship group. Terms like aunt, uncle or brother, sister, etc. refer to persons who stand in different relationships e.g. when I say ‘uncle’ it may mean my father’s brother, mother’s brother or my father’s friend, or even my aunt’s husband. The term ‘uncle’ is, therefore, classificatory term. Some of the characteristic features are :

  1. Same term is used to designate more than one person of the kin relations.
  2. It is a method of dividing the kins according to the social relations and not always blood relations.

(b) Avoidance is designed to avoid intimacy and closeness among certain members in a family or kinship groups. Certain relatives need to maintain distance and avoid each other so that they do not enter into incestuous relationship (taboo) or conflicts with one another. These avoidance rules are generally practiced between female-in-laws and male in-laws or son-in-laws and daughter-in-laws.

Reasons for the practice of avoidance behavior:
There are various reasons cited by the social anthropologists for the practice of avoidance behavior. According to Tylor, in the matriarchal families of earlier times, son-inlaw used to stay in his wife’s family and as a stranger to that house, he avoided his mother- in-law. Frazer opined that among some primitive tribes, avoidance was common among brothers and sisters in order to prevent any sexual intimacy between them. Low felt that avoidance rules were attached to the daughter-in-law who came from another background and had to adjust to new social, cultural and moral attitudes.

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