Physical and Chemical Changes ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Chemistry Solutions

Physical and Chemical Changes ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Chemistry Solutions Chapter-2. We Provide Step by Step Answer of Objective, True False , Short / Long Answer Type , of Exercise-2 Physical and Chemical Changes . Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-8.

Physical and Chemical Changes ICSE Class-8th Concise Selina Chemistry Solutions


Exercise

Question 1.

Define:
(a) a physical change, (b) a chemical change.
Answer:
(a) Physical Change: A physical change is a temporary change in which no new substance is formed and the chemical composition of the original substance remains the same, even though its physical properties like colour, state, shape, size etc. might change.
(b) Chemical Change: A chemical change is permanent change in which new substances are formed whose chemical composition and physical and chemical properties are different from those of in original substance.

Question 2.

Classify the following as a physical or a chemical change.
(a) Drying of wet clothes
(b) Manufacture of salt from sea water

(c) Butter getting rancid
(d) Boiling of water
(e) Burning of paper
(f) Melting of wax
(g) Burning of coal
(h) Formation of clouds
(i) Making of a sugar solution
(j) Glowing of an electric bulb
(k) Curdling of milk
Answer:
Physical change
(a) Drying of wet clothes
(b) Manufacture of salt from sea water
(d) Boiling of water
(f) Melting of wax
(h) Formation of clouds
(i) Making of a sugar solution
(j) Glowing of an electric bulb.

Chemical change
(c) Butter getting rancid
(e) Burning of paper
(g) Burning of coal
(k) Curdling of milk

Question 3.

Fill in the blanks.
Answer:
(a) The process of a liquid changing into a solid is called freezing.
(b) A change, which alters the composition of a substances, is known as a chemical change.
(c) There is no change in the composition of the substance during a physical change.
(d) The reaction in which energy is evolved is called exothermic reaction.

Question 4.

Given reason:
(a) Freezing of water to ice and evaporation of water are physical changes.
(b) Burning of a candle is both a physical and chemical change.
(e) Burning of paper is a chemical change.

(d) Cutting of a cloth piece is a physical change, though it cannot be reversed.
Answer:
(a) Freezing of water to ice and evaporation of water are physical change because water can be brought back to its original (liquid) form by

  1. We can heat the ice to bring it back to water.
  2. We can cool down the vapours to bring it back to water.

(b) When a candle is lighted, some of the solid wax first melts and turns into liquid, then it turns into vapours to produce a flame. New substances CO2 and H2O vapours are formed alongwith the evolution of light and heat energy. This shows a chemical change. When some of the molten wax drops to the floor, it again solidifies. Which shows a physical change. Thus the melting of candle wax is a physical change and the production of CO2 and H2O represents chemical change.

(c) When a piece of paper is burnt a new substance ash is produced. Even when the burning is stopped, the ash cannot be changed back into paper. This shows that the formation of the ash from paper is a permanent and irreversible change.

(d) Because it does not change chemical composition of cloth and the change is only in the state, size, shape, colour, texture or the smell of some or all of the substances that undergo physical change.

Question 5.

Give four difference between physical and chemical changes.
Answer:
The differences are Physical and Chemical Changes:
Physical change

  1. In a physical change no new substance is formed and the chemical composition of substance remains same. There are changes only in physical properties and state.
  2. Temporaiy change which can be reversed by simple physical methods.
  3. Weight of original substance doesn’t change
  4. Energy like heat, light etc. may or may not be absorbed or released

Chemical change

  1. In a chemical change new substance with entirely different chemical composition and properties is formed.
  2. Permanent change and irreversible
  3. Weight of original substances may increase or decrease
  4. Energy like heat, light etc. are given out or absorbed.

Return To   ICSE Class-8 Concise Selina Physics Solution

Thanks


Please Share with your friends

error: Content is protected !!