Water Exe-3C Descriptive Answer Chemistry Class-9 ICSE Selina Publishers

Water Exe-3C Descriptive Answer Chemistry Class-9 ICSE Selina Publishers Solutions Chapter-3. Step By Step ICSE Selina Concise Solutions of Chapter-3 Water with All Exercise including MCQs, Very Short Answer Type, Short Answer Type, Long Answer Type, Numerical and Structured/Application Questions Solved . Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-9.

Water Exe-3C Descriptive Answer Chemistry Class-9 ICSE Concise Selina Publishers

Board ICSE
Publications Selina Publication
Subject Chemistry
Class 9th
Chapter-3 Water
Book Name Concise
Topics Solution of (Soft and hard Water) Exercise – 3C Descriptive Answer
Academic Session 2023-2024

Exercise – 3C Descriptive Answer Type

Water Class-9 Chemistry Concise Solutions  


Question 1.

What are hydrous substances? Explain with examples.

Answer :

Substances which contain water molecules along with salt are hydrated substances.

Examples: Sodium carbonate dehydrate: Na2CO3.10H2O

Copper sulphate pentahydrate: CuSO4.5H2O

Question 2.

What is the importance of dissolved impurities in water?


The dissolved impurities in water are salts and minerals.

Dissolved salts provide specific taste to water.

Salts and minerals are essential for growth and development.

They supply the essential minerals needed by our body.

Question 3.

What are the advantages of:

(i) soft water

(ii) hard water?


Advantages of soft water:

(1) When the water is soft, you use much less soap and fewer cleaning products. Your budget will reflect your savings.

(2)Plumbing will last longer. Soft water is low in mineral content and therefore does not leave deposits in the pipes.

(3)Clothes last longer and remain bright longer if they are washed in soft water.

Advantages of hard water:

(1) Water free from dissolved salts has a very flat taste. The presence of salts in hard water makes it tasty. So, hard water is used in making beverages and wines.

(2) Calcium and magnesium salts present in small amounts in hard water are essential for bone and teeth development.

(3) Hard water checks the poisoning of water by lead pipes. When these pipes are used for carrying water, some lead salts dissolve in water to make it poisonous. Calcium sulphate present in hard water forms insoluble lead sulphate in the form of a layer inside the lead pipe and this checks lead poisoning.

Question 4.

What are stalagmites and stalactites? How are they formed?


In some limestone caves, conical pillar-like objects hang from the roof and some rise from the floor. These are formed by water containing dissolved calcium hydrogen carbonate continuously dropping from the cracks in the rocks. Release of pressure results in the conversion of some hydrogen carbonate to calcium carbonate.

Ca (HCO3)2 → CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O

This calcium carbonate little by little and slowly deposit on both roof and floor of the cave.

The conical pillar which grows downwards from the roof is called stalactite and the one which grows upward from the floor of the cave is called stalagmite.

These meet after a time. In a year, some grow less than even a centimetre, but some may be as tall as 100 cm.

CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O → Ca (HCO3)2

MgCO3 + CO2 + H2O → Mg (HCO3)2

If the water flows over beds of gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O), a little bit of gypsum gets dissolved in water and makes it hard.

Question 5.

Give equations to show what happens when temporary hard water is

(a) Boiled

(b) Treated with slaked lime


(a) when boiled

Ca (HCO3)2 → CaCO3 + H2O + CO2

Mg (HCO3)2 → MgCO3 + H2O + CO2

(b) when Treated with slaked lime

Ca(HCO3)2+ Ca(OH)2 → 2CaCO3 + 2H2O

Mg (HCO3)2+ Ca(OH)2→ MgCO3 + 2H2O

Question 6.

State the disadvantages of using hard water.


It is more difficult to form lather with soap.

Scum may form in a reaction with soap, wasting the soap.

Carbonates of calcium and magnesium form inside kettles. This wastes energy whenever you boil a kettle.

Hot water pipes ‘fur up’. Carbonates of calcium and magnesium start to coat the inside of pipes which can eventually get blocked.

Question 7.

Why does the hardness of water render it unfit for use in a

(i) boiler

(ii) for washing purposes.


Steam is usually made in boilers which are made of a number of narrow copper tubes surrounded by fire. As the cold water enters these tubes, it is immediately changed into steam, while the dissolved solids incapable of changing into vapour deposit on the inner walls of the tubes.

This goes on and makes the bore of the tubes narrower. The result is that less water flows through the tubes at one time and less steam is produced. When the bore of the tube becomes very narrow, the pressure of the steam increases so much that at times the boiler bursts.

If hard water is used,

calcium and magnesium ions of the water combine with the negative ions of the soap to form a slimy precipitate of insoluble calcium and magnesium usually called soap curd (scum).

Formation of soap curd will go on as long as calcium and magnesium ions are present. Till then, no soap lather will be formed and cleaning of clothes or body will not be possible. Moreover, these precipitates are difficult to wash from fabrics and sometimes form rusty spots if iron salts are present in water.

Question 8.

Explain with equation, what is noticed when permanent hard water is treated with

(a) Slaked time

(b) Washing soda

Answer :

(a) Slaked lime

Ca (HCO3)2 + Ca(OH)2Aero 2CaCO3 + 2H2O
Mg (HCO3)2+ Ca(OH)Aero  MgCO3 + CaCO+ 2H2O

Lime is first thoroughly mixed with water in a tank and then fed into another tank containing hard water. Revolving paddles thoroughly mix the two Solutions. Most of the calcium carbonate settles down. If there is any solid left over, it is removed by a filter. This is known as Clarke’s process.

(b) Washing soda

When washing soda or soda ash is added to hard water, the corresponding insoluble carbonates settle down and can be removed by filtration.

Ca (HCO3)2 + Na2CO3 —–> CaCO3 + 2NaHCO3

Mg (HCO3)2+ Na2CO3 —–> MgCO3 + 2NaHCO3

Question 9.

What is permutit method, how can it be used for softening hard water ?


Permutit is an artificial zeolite. Chemically, it is hydrated sodium aluminium orthosilicate, having the formula Na2Al2Si2O8.XH2O. For the sake of convenience, let us give it the formula Na2P.A tall cylinder is loosely filled with lumps of permutit. When hard water containing calcium and magnesium ions percolates through these lumps, exchange of ions takes place. The sodium permutit is slowly changed into calcium and magnesium permutit, and with the removal of calcium and magnesium ions, the water become soft.When no longer active, the permutit is regenerated by running a concentrated solution of brine over it and removing the calcium chloride formed by repeated washing.CaP + 2NaCl ⟶ Na2P + CaI2

—  : End of Water Exe-3C Descriptive Answer Class-9 ICSE Chemistry Solutions :–

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