# Heat and Energy Exe-6A Long Answer ICSE Concise Physics Class-9 ICSE Selina Publishers

Heat and Energy Exe-6A Long Answer ICSE Concise Physics Class-9 ICSE Selina Publishers. There is the solutions of Long Answer type Questions of your latest textbook which is applicable in 2024-25 academic sessionVisit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-9

## Heat and Energy Exe-6A Long Answer ICSE Concise Physics Class-9 ICSE Selina Publishers

 Board ICSE Class 9 Subject Physics Writer / Publication Concise Selina Publishers Chapter-6 Heat and Energy Exe-6A Heat and Temperature Topics Solution of Exe-6(A) Long Answer Type Academic Session 2024-2025

### Exercise- 6A  Heat and Temperature

page -145

##### Q1- Describe an experiment to show that water has maximum density at 4°C. What important consequences follow this peculiar property of water? Discuss the importance of this phenomenon in nature.

Ans- Hope’s experiment to demonstrate that water has maximum density at 4°C :

Hope’s apparatus consists of a tall metallic cylinder provided with two side openings P and Q, P near the top and Q near the bottom, fitted with thermometers T1 and Tin them. The central part of the cylinder is surrounded with a cylindrical trough containing a freezing mixture of ice and salt. The cylinder is fitted with pure water at room temperature.

##### Observations:

(i) Initially, both thermometers T1 and Tare at the same temperature.

(ii) First, the temperature recorded by the lower thermometer Tstarts decreasing and finally it becomes steady at 4°C, while the temperature recorded in the upper thermometer Tremains almost unchanged during this time.

(iii) Then, the temperature recorded by the lower thermometer Tremains constant at 4°C and upper thermometer T1 records a continuous fall in temperature up to 0°C and then it becomes steady.

Thus, finally, the temperature recorded by the upper thermometer is 0°C and that by the lower thermometer is 4°C.

As the freezing mixture cools water in the central portion of the cylinder, water contracts and its density increases, consequently it sinks to the bottom, thereby causing the reading of the lower thermometer Tto fall rapidly. The reading of the upper thermometer T1 does not change as the temperature of water in the upper part does not change. This continues till the entire water below the central portion reaches 4°C. On cooling further below 4, due to anomalous expansion, the water of the central portion expands, so its density decreases and hence it rises up. As a result, reading of the upper thermometer T1 falls rapidly to 0°C and water freezes to form ice at 0°C near the top. This proves that water has a maximum density at 4°C.

##### importance of Anomalous behaviour of water

This anomalous expansion of water helps in preserving the aquatic life during the very cold weather. In winters, when the temperature falls, the top layer of water in a pond contract, becomes denser and sinks to the bottom. A circulation is thus set up until the entire water in the pond reaches its maximum density at 4°C. If the temperature falls further, then the top layer expands and remains on the top till it freezes. Thus, even though the upper layers are frozen, the water near the bottom is at 4°C and the fishes can survive in it easily.

##### Q2- Draw a diagram showing the temperature of various layers of water in an ice covered pond.

Ans-

—  end of  Heat and Energy Exe-6A Long Answer Physics Class-9 ICSE Selina Publishers   :—

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