Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal ICSE Maths

Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal ICSE Maths Solutions Chapter-17. We provide step by step Solutions of Exercise / lesson-17 Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8th ML Aggarwal ICSE Mathematics.

Our Solutions contain all type Questions with Exe-17.1 , Exe-17.2, Objective Type Questions (including Mental Maths Multiple Choice Questions, HOTS ),  and Check Your Progress to develop skill and confidence. Visit official Website CISCE for detail information about ICSE Board Class-8 Mathematics.

Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal ICSE Maths Solutions Chapter-17


— : Select Topics : —

Exe-17.1 ,

Exe-17.2,

Objective Type Questions, 

Mental Maths,

Multiple Choice Questions ,(MCQ)

HOTS

Check Your Progress

 


Ex 17.1, Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal ICSE Maths Solutions

Question 1.

Match the objects with their shapes:
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 1
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 2
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 3

Answer

(i) A tent – (g) A cone surmounted on a cylinder.
(ii) A tin – (f) A cylindrical shell.
(iii) A bowl – (b) A hemispherical shell.
(iv) An agricultural field – (a) A triangular field adjoining a square field.
(v) A groove – (h) A cone took out of a cylinder.
(vi) A toy – (d) A hemisphere surmounted on a cone.
(vii) A circular park – (e) A circular path around a circular ground.
(viii) Across path – (c) Two rectangular cross paths inside a rectangular park.

Question 2.
For each of the given solid, the two views are given. Match for each solid the corresponding front and top views.
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 4
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 5
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 6

Answer

ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 7

Question 3.
For the given solid, identify the front, side and top views and write it in the space provided.
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 8

Answer

ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 9

Question 4.
For each of the given solid, the three views are given. Identify for each solid the corresponding top, front and side views.
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 10
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 11
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 12

Answer

Object Different views
(a) An Inkpot
(i) Front
(ii) Side
(iii) Top

(b) A gas stove
(i) Front
(ii) Top
(iii) Side

(c) A brick
(i) Top
(ii) Front
(iii) Side

(d) A container
(i) Front
(ii) Side
(iii) Top

(e) Almirah
(i) Side
(ii) Top
(iii) Front

(f) A matchbox
(i) Side
(ii) Front
(iii) Top

Question 5.
For each given solid, identify the top view, front view and side view.
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 13
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 14
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 15

Answer

(a)
(i) Top view
(ii) Side view
(iii) Front view

(b)
(i) Side view
(ii) Front view
(iii) Top view

(c)

(i) Top view
(ii) Side view
(iii) Front view

(d)
(i) Side view
(ii) Front view
(iii) Top view

(e)
(i) Front view
(ii) Top view
(iii) Side view

Question 6.
Draw the front view, side view and top view of the given objects:
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 16
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 17

Answer

ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 18
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.1 19


Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal ICSE Maths Solutions , Ex 17.2

Question 1.
Can a polyhedron have for its faces
(i) 3 triangles?
(ii) 4 triangles?
(iii) a square and four triangles?

Answer

(i) No
(ii) Yes
(iii) Yes

Question 2.
Which are prisms among the following?
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.2 1

Answer

Prisms are only (i) and (iv).

Question 3.
Verify Euler’s formula for these solids:
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.2 2

Answer

ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.2 3

Question 4.
Can a polyhedron have 15 faces, 30 edges and 20 vertices?

Answer

Can a polyhedron have 15 faces, 30 edges and 20 vertices.
∵ F + V = E + 2
⇒ 15 + 20 = 35 and 30 + 2 = 32
∵ 35 ≠ 32
∴ It has not.

Question 5.
If a polyhedron has 8 faces and 8 vertices, find the number of edges.

Answer

A polyhedron has 8 faces and 8 vertices.
∴ Number of edges = F + V – 2 = 8 + 8 – 2 = 14

Question 6.
If a polyhedron has 7 faces and 10 vertices, find the number of edges.

Answer

A polyhedron has 7 faces and 10 vertices.
∴ Number of edges = F + V – 2 = 7 + 10 – 2 = 15

Question 7.
Write the number of faces, vertices and edges in
(i) an octagonal prism
(ii) decagonal pyramid.

Answer

ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.2 4

Question 8.
Using Euler’s formula, complete the following table:
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.2 5

Answer

ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Ex 17.2 6


Objective Type Questions, Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal ICSE Maths Solutions Chapter-17

Mental Maths

Question 1.
Fill in the blanks:
(i) A solid made up of polygonal regions is called ………
(ii) Polyhedrons which are not convex are called ………
(iii) A polyhedron is said to be ……… if all of its faces are regular polygons and the same number of faces meet at each vertex.
(iv) A polyhedron whose base and top are congruent polygons and whose lateral faces are parallelograms in shape is called a ………
(v) A prism whose base and top are congruent hexagon is called a ………
(vi) A polyhedron whose all lateral faces are triangles is called a ………
(vii) A triangular pyramid is also known as ………
(viii) A rectangular prism is also known as ………
(ix) The polygonal regions forming a polyhedron are called ………

Answer

(i) A solid made up of polygonal regions is called polyhedron.
(ii) Polyhedrons which are not convex are called concave polyhedron.
(iii) A polyhedron is said to be regular polyhedron if all of its faces are
regular polygons and the same number of faces meet at each vertex.
(iv) A polyhedron whose base and top are congruent polygons and
whose lateral faces are parallelograms in shape is called a prism.
(v) A prism whose base and top are congruent hexagon is called a hexagonal prism.
(vi) A polyhedron whose all lateral faces are triangles is called a triangular pyramid.
(vii) A triangular pyramid is also known as a tetrahedron.
(viii) A rectangular prism is also known as a cuboid.
(ix) The polygonal regions forming a polyhedron are called faces.

Question 2.

State which of the following statements are true (T) or false (F):
(i) A cylinder is a polyhedron.
(ii) All the prisms and pyramids are polyhedrons.
(iii) A tetrahedron is the only pyramid which can be a regular polyhedron.
(iv) The line segments where the faces of a polyhedron meet are called edges.
(v) F + E = V + 2 is called a Euler’s formula.
(vi) In any prism number of faces is 2 more than number of sides of polygonal base.
(vii) In any pyramid number of edges is twice the number of sides of polygonal base.
(viii) An octagonal prism has 18 vertices.
(ix) All pyramids are prisms.
(x) Lateral faces of a pyramid are triangles.

Answer

(i) A cylinder is a polyhedron. False
(ii) All the prisms and pyramids are polyhedrons. True
(iii) A tetrahedron is the only pyramid
which can be a regular polyhedron. True
(iv) The line segments where the faces of
a polyhedron meet are called edges. True
(v) F + E = V + 2 is called a Euler’s formula. False
Correct:
It is F + V = E + 2.
(vi) In any prism number of faces is 2 more than
the number of sides of polygonal base. True
(vii) In any pyramid number of edges is twice
the number of sides of polygonal base. True
(viii) An octagonal prism has 18 vertices. False Correct:
It has 8 + 8 = 16
(ix) All pyramids are prisms. False
Correct:
Both are different shapes.
(x) Lateral faces of a pyramid are triangles. True


Multiple Choice Questions

MCQs, Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal ICSE Maths Solutions Chapter-17

Choose the correct answer from the given four options (3 to 17):
Question 3.
Which of the following is not a 2-dimensional shape?
(a) Triangle
(b) Circle
(c) Sphere
(d) Rectangle

Answer

Sphere is not a two-dimensional shape, (c)

Question 4.
Which of the following is a 3-dimensional shape?
(a) Parallelogram
(b) Cylinder
(c) Square
(d) none of these

Answer

Cylinder is a 3-dimensional shape. (b)

Question 5.
Name the pyramid shown in the given figure.
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Objective Type Questions 1
(a) Nonagonal pyramid
(b) Octagonal pyramid
(c) Decagonal pyramid
(d) Hexagonal pyramid

Answer

Octagonal pyramid. (b)

Question 6.
How many parallel and congruent faces does a cylinder have?
(a) 4
(b) 3
(c) 2
(d) none

Answer

A cylinder has two parallel and congruent faces. (c)

Question 7.
How many pairs of congruent parallel faces does a rectangular prism have?
(a) 8
(b) 6
(c) 4
(d) 3

Answer

A rectangular prism has 3 pairs of congruent
and parallel faces. (d)

Question 8.
How many congruent isosceles triangle does a square pyramid have?
(a) 2
(b) 4
(c) 6
(d) 8

Answer

A square pyramid has 4 congruent isosceles triangles. (b)

Question 9.
Which amongst the following is not a polyhedron?
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Objective Type Questions 2

Answer

Figure (c) is not a polyhedron. (c)

Question 10.
Which of the following is not a prism?
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Objective Type Questions 3

Answer

Figure (b) is not a prism. (b)

Question 11.
The number of triangular faces of a triangular prism are
(a) 2
(b) 3
(c) 4
(d) 5

Answer

A triangular prism has 2 triangular faces, (a)

Question 12.
The number of edges in a pentagonal pyramid are
(a) 5
(b) 10
(c) 15
(d) 20

Answer

A pentagonal pyramid has 10 edges. (b)

Question 13.
The number of rectangular faces in a hexagonal prism are
(a) 6
(b) 8
(c) 10
(d) 12

Answer

A hexagonal prism has 6 rectangular faces. (a)

Question 14.
In a polyhedron E = 15, V = 10, then F is
(a) 3
(b) 5
(c) 7
(d) 9

Answer

E = 15, V = 10
F + V = E + 2
⇒ F = E + 2 – V = 15 + 2 – 10 = 7 (c)

Question 15.
In a polyhedron F = 5, E = 8, then V is
(a) 3
(b) 5
(c) 7
(d) 9

Answer

F + V = E + 2
So  ⇒ 5 + V = 8 + 2
or ⇒ 5 + V = 10
Hence⇒ V = 10 – 5 = 5 (b)

Question 16.
In a polyhedron F = 17, V = 30, then E is
(a) 30
(b) 45
(c) 60
(d) none of these

Answer

F = 17, V = 30
F + V = E + 2
⇒ E = F + V – 2
⇒ E = 17 + 30 – 2 = 45 (b)

Question 17.
A polyhedron have 4 faces, 4 vertices and 6 edges. Name the polyhedron.
(a) A rectangular prism
(b) A triangular prism
(c) A rectangular pyramid
(d) A triangular pyramid

Answer

A polyhedron has 4 faces, 4 vertices and 6 edges.
∴ It is triangular pyramid. (d)


Higher Order Thinking Skills 

HOTS , Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal ICSE Maths Solutions Chapter-17

Question 1.
Which of the following nets can be folded to form a cone?
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Objective Type Questions 4

Answer

Net in figure (3) can be folded to form a cone.

Question 2.
Which of the following nets can be folded to form a cylinder?
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Objective Type Questions 5

Answer

Net in the figure (1) and (2) can be folded to form a cylinder.


Check Your Progress

Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal ICSE Maths Solutions Chapter-17

Question 1.
Write the number of faces, vertices and edges of a
(i) hexagonal pyramid
(ii) octagonal pyramid
(iii) decagonal pyramid
(iv) nonagonal pyramid
(v) heptagonal prism
(vi) decagonal prism.

Answer

Faces Vertices Edges
(i) hexagonal pyramid 7 7 12
(ii) octagonal pyramid 9 9 16
(iii) decagonal pyramid 11 11 20
(iv) nonagonal pyramid 10 10 18
(v) heptagonal prism 9 14 21
(vi) decagonal prism 12 20 30

 

Question 2.
Give three examples of 3-dimensional shapes around you which are the combinations of 2 or more 3-dimensional shapes.

Answer

3-dimensional shapes which are the combination of
2 or more 3-dimensional shapes.
(i) A funnel: Combination of cone and cylinder.
(ii) A toy: Combination of a cone and hemisphere.
(iii) An ice-cream cone: Combination of a cone and hemisphere.
(iv) A circus tent: Combination of a cylinder and a cone.

Question 3.
Give two examples of solids which are not polyhedrons.

Answer

Sides which are not polyhedron:
(i) Cylinder
(ii) Sphere
(iii) Cone

Question 4.
Why a pentagonal pyramid having all its edges congruent cannot be a regular polyhedron?

Answer

A pentagonal pyramid having all its edges congruent cannot be a regular
polyhedron because all the vertices of it are not formed by the same number of faces.

Question 5.
In a polyhedron, if F = 8 and V = 12 then find the number of edges.

Answer

In a polyhedron,
F = 8, V = 12, then edges
F + V = E + 2
⇒ E = F + V- 2
⇒ Edges = 8 + 12 – 2 = 18

Question 6.
Verify Euler’s formula for the following figures:
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Check Your Progress 1

Answer

ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Check Your Progress 2

Question 7.
For each of the given solid, the three views are given. Identify for each solid the corresponding top, front and side views:
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Check Your Progress 3
ML Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Visualising Solid Shapes Check Your Progress 4

Answer

(a) A television
(i) Front view
(ii) Side view
(iii) Top view

(b) An aeroplane
(i) Front view
(ii) Side view
(iii) Top view

(c) A prism
(i) Top view
(ii) Front view
(iii) Side view

(d) A car
(i) Front view
(ii) Side view
(iii) Top view

— End of Visualising Solid Shapes Class-8 ML Aggarwal  Solutions :–

 

Return to –  ML Aggarwal Maths Solutions for ICSE Class -8


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